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Chapter 4 – The Root of All Evil

a. Right Teaching and Right Learning

[Eine deutsche Übersetzung hierfür gibt es bei FIP Kapitel 3 VI 7] We have spoken of many different human symptoms, and at this level there is almost endless variation. But there is only one cause for All of them. The authority problem is “the root of All evil.” Money is but one of its many reflections, and is a reasonably representative example of the kind of thinking which stems from it. The idea of buying and selling implies precisely the kind of exchange that the Souls cannot understand at all, because Their own Supply is always abundant, and All Their demands are fully met.

Every symptom which the ego has made involves a contradiction in terms. This is because the Mind is split between the ego and the Soul, so that whatever the ego makes is incomplete and contradictory. Consider what a “speechless professor” means as a concept. It literally means a “nonprofessing professor,” or a “nonspeaking speaker.”

Untenable positions such as this are the result of the authority problem, which, because it accepts the one inconceivable thought as its premise, can only produce ideas which are inconceivable. B may claim, and has certainly done so in the past, that the professorship was thrust upon Him. This is not True. He wanted it very much, and also worked hard to get it. He would not have had to work so hard either, if He had not misunderstood it.

The term “profess” is used quite frequently in the bible, but in a somewhat different context. To profess is to identify with an idea and offer the idea to Others to be Their own. The idea does not lessen; it becomes stronger. The teacher clarifies His own ideas and strengthens them by teaching them.

Teacher and pupil, therapist and patient, are All alike in the learning process. They are in the same order of learning, and unless They share Their lessons they will lack conviction. If a salesman must believe in the product He sells, how much more must a teacher believe in the ideas which He professes. But He needs another condition; He must also believe in the students to Whom He offers His ideas.

B could not be afraid to teach unless He still believes that interaction means loss, and that learning means separation. He stands guard over His own ideas, because He wants to protect His thought system as it is, and learning means change. Change is always fearful to the separated, because They cannot conceive of it as a change toward healing the separation. They always perceive it as a change for further separation, because separation was Their first experience of change.

Bill, Your whole fear of teaching is nothing but an example of Your own intense separation anxiety, which You have handled with the usual series of mixed defenses in the combined pattern of attack on Truth and defense of error, which characterizes All egothinking.

You insist that if You allow no change to enter into Your ego, Your Soul will find Peace. This profound confusion is possible only if One maintains that the same thought system can stand on two foundations [Fundament].

Nothing can reach the Soul from the ego, and nothing from the Soul can strengthen the ego or reduce the conflict within it. The ego is a contradiction. Man’s Self and God’s Self are in opposition. They are opposed in creation, in will, and in outcome. They are fundamentally irreconcilable because the Soul cannot perceive, and the ego cannot know. They are therefore not in communication, and can never be in communication.

Nevertheless the ego can learn, because its maker can be misguided, but cannot make the totally lifeless out of the lifegiven. The Soul need not be taught, but the ego must. The ultimate reason why learning or teaching is perceived as frightening is because True learning does lead to the relinquishment, not destruction, of the ego to the Light of the Soul. This is the change the ego must fear, because it does not share My charity.

My lesson was like Yours, and because I learned it I can teach it. I never attack Your egos, in spite of H’s strange beliefs to the contrary, but I do try to teach Them how Their thought systems have arisen. When I remind You of Your True Creation, Your egos cannot but respond with fear.

Bill, teaching and learning are Your greatest strengths now, because You must change Your Mind and help Others change Theirs. It is pointless to refuse to tolerate change or changing because You believe that You can demonstrate by doing so that the Separation never occurred. The dreamer Who doubts the Reality of His dream while He is still dreaming it is not really healing the levelsplit.

You have dreamed of a separated ego, and You have believed in a world which rested upon it. This is very real to You. You cannot undo this by doing nothing and not changing.

If You are willing to renounce the role of guardians of Your thought systems and open them to Me, I will correct them very gently, and lead You home. Every good teacher hopes to give His students so much of His own thinking that They will one day no longer need Him. This is the one real goal of the parent, teacher, and therapist. This goal will not be achieved by Those Who believe that They will lose Their child or pupil or patient if They succeed.

It is impossible to convince the ego of this, because it goes against All of its own laws. But remember that laws are set up to protect the continuity of the system in which the lawmaker believes. It is natural enough for the ego to try to protect itself, once You have made it. But it is not natural for You to want to obey its laws unless You believe in them.

The ego cannot make this choice because of the nature of its origin. But You can, because of the nature of Yours. Egos can clash in any situation, but Souls cannot clash at all. If You perceive a teacher as merely a “larger ego,” You will be afraid, because to enlarge an ego is to increase separation anxiety. Do not engage in this foolishness, Bill. I will teach with You and live with You, if You will think with Me.

But My goal will always be to absolve You finally from the need for a teacher. This is the opposite of the egooriented teacher’s goal. He is concerned with the effect of His ego on other egos, and He therefore interprets their interaction as a means of ego preservation. This is no less True if He is afraid to teach than if He is frankly out to dominate through teaching. The form of the symptom is only a reflection of His particular way of handling the separation anxiety.

All separation anxiety is a symptom of a continuing will to remain separated. This cannot be repeated too often because You have not learned it. Bill, You are afraid to teach only because You are afraid of the impression Your image of Yourself will make on other images. You believe that Their approval of Your image will exalt it, but also that Your separation anxiety will be increased. You also believe that Their disapproval of it will lessen the separation anxiety, but at the cost of depression.

I would not be able to devote Myself to teaching if I believed either of these ideas, and You will not be a devoted teacher Yourself as long as You maintain them. I am constantly being perceived as a teacher either to be exalted or rejected, but I do not accept either perception for Myself.

Your own worth is not established by Your teaching. Your worth was established by God. As long as You dispute this, Everything You do will be fearful, and particularly any situation which lends itself easily to the superiorinferior fallacy. Teachers must be patient, and repeat Their lessons until they are learned. I am willing to do so, because I have no right to set Your learning limits for You.

Once again, — nothing You do or think or will or make is necessary to establish Your worth. This point is not debatable except in delusions. Your ego is never at stake because God did not create it. Your Soul is never at stake because He did. Any confusion on this point is a delusion, and no form of devotion is possible as long as this delusion lasts.

Bill, if You will to be a devoted teacher rather than an egocentric One, You will not be afraid. The teaching situation is fearful if it is misused as an ego involvement. If You become afraid, it is because You are using it this way. But the devoted teacher perceives the situation as it is, and not as He wills it. He does not see it as dangerous because He is not exploiting it.

The ego tries to exploit All situations into forms of praise for itself in order to overcome its doubts. It will be doubtful forever, or better, as long as You believe in it. You Who made it cannot trust it, because You know it is not real. The only sane solution is not to try to change Reality, which is indeed a fearful attempt, but to see it as it is. You are part of Reality, Which stands unchanged beyond the reach of Your ego, but within easy reach of Your Soul.

Bill, again I tell You that when You are afraid, be still and know that God is real and You are His beloved Son in Whom He is well pleased. Do not let Your ego dispute this, because the ego cannot know what is as far beyond its reach as You are. God is not the author of fear. You are. You have willed, therefore, to create unlike Him, and You have made fear for Yourselves.

You are not at Peace, because You are not fulfilling Your function. God gave You a very lofty responsibility which You are not meeting. You know this, and You are afraid. But Your egos have chosen to be afraid instead of meeting it. When You awaken You will not be able to understand this, because it is literally incredible.

Do not believe the incredible now. Any attempt to increase its believableness is merely to postpone the inevitable. The word “inevitable” is fearful to the ego, but joyous to the Soul. God is inevitable and You cannot avoid Him any more than He can avoid You.

The ego is afraid of the Soul’s Joy, because once You have experienced this, You will withdraw All protection from Your ego and become totally without investment in fear. Your investment is great now, because fear is a witness to the Separation, and Your ego rejoices when You witness to it.

Leave it behind. Do not listen to it, and do not preserve it. Listen only to God, Who is as incapable of deception as are the Souls He created. As teachers and therapists, release Yourselves and release Others. Do not present a false and unworthy picture of Yourselves to Others or accept such a picture of Them Yourselves.

The ego has built a shabby and unsheltering home for You, because it cannot build otherwise. Do not try to make this impoverished house stand. Its weakness is Your Strength. Only God could make a home that was worthy of His Creations, Who have chosen to leave it empty by Their own dispossession.

His Home will stand forever, and is ready for You when You choose to enter. Of this You can be wholly certain. God is as incapable of creating the perishable as Your ego is of making the eternal.

Of Your egos You can do nothing to save Yourselves or Others. But of Your Souls You can do Everything for the Salvation [Erlösung] of Both. Humility is a lesson for the ego, not for the Soul. The Soul is beyond humility, because it recognizes its radiance, and gladly sheds Its Light Everywhere.

The meek shall inherit the earth because Their egos are humble, and this gives Them better perception. The Kingdom of Heaven is the right of the Soul, whose beauty and dignity are beyond doubt, beyond perception, and stand forever as the mark of the Love of God for His Creations, Who are wholly worthy of Him and only of Him. Nothing else is sufficiently worthy to be a gift for a creation of God Himself.

I will substitute for Your ego if You will, but never for Your Soul. A Father can safely leave a child with an elder Brother Who has shown Himself responsible, but this involves no confusion about the child’s origin. The Brother can protect the child’s body and His ego, which are very closely associated, but He does not confuse Himself with the Father because He does this, although the child may.

The reason why I can be entrusted with Your body and Your egos is simply because this enables You not to be concerned with Them, and Me to teach You their unimportance. I could not understand their importance to You if I had not once been tempted to believe them Myself. Let Us undertake to learn this lesson together, so We can also be free of them together.

I need devoted teachers as much as I need devoted priestesses. They Both heal the Mind, and that is always My own aim. The Soul is far beyond the need of Your protection or Mine.

The biblical quotation should read

In this world You need not have tribulation because I have overcome the world.

That is why You should

Be of good cheer.

B’s course was very carefully chosen, because “abnormal psychology” is ego psychology. This is precisely the kind of content which should never be taught from the ego whose abnormality should be lessened by teaching, not increased. You, Bill, are particularly well suited to perceive this difference, and can therefore teach this Course as It should be taught. Most teachers have an unfortunate tendency to teach the Course abnormally, and many of the students are apt to suffer considerable perceptual distortion because of Their own authority problem.

Your teaching assignment, and I assure You it is an assignment, will be to present perceptual distortions without either engaging in them Yourself or encouraging Your students to do so. This interpretation of Your role and Theirs is too charitable to induce fear. If You adhere to this role, You will Both engender and experience hope, and You will inspire rather than dispirit the future teachers and therapists I am entrusting to You.

I promise to attend Myself, and You should at least credit with Me with some dependability in keeping My own promises. I never make them lightly, because I know the need My Brothers have for trust.

b. The ego and False Autonomy

Bill has asked lately how the Mind could ever have made the ego. This is a perfectly reasonable question; in fact, the best question either of You could ask. There is no point in giving an historical answer, because the past does not matter in human terms, and history would not exist if the same errors were not being repeated in the Present. B has often told You that Your thinking is too abstract at times, and He is right. Abstraction does apply to knowledge, because knowledge is completely impersonal, and examples are irrelevant to its understanding. Perception, however, is always specific, and therefore quite concrete.

Perceptual distortions are not abstractions. They are merely confusions [Verwechslungen]. Each Man makes one ego for Himself, although it is subject to enormous variation because of its instability, and one for Everyone He perceives, which is equally variable. Their interaction is a process which literally alters both, because they were not made either by or with the unalterable.

It is particularly important to realize that this alteration can and does occur as readily when the interaction takes place in the Mind as when it involves physical presence. Thinking about another ego is as effective in changing relative perception as is their physical interaction. There could be no better example of the fact that the ego is an idea, though not a realitybased thought. Your own present state is the best concrete example B could have of how the Mind could have made the ego. You do have real knowledge at times, but when You throw it away it is as if You never had it. This willfullness is so apparent that B need only perceive it to see that is does happen. If it can occur that way in the Present, why should He be surprised that it occurred that way in the past? All psychology rests on the principle of continuity of behavior. Surprise is a reasonable response to the unfamiliar, but hardly to something that has occurred with such persistence.

An extreme example is a good teaching aid, not because it is typical, but because it is clear. The more complex the material, the clearer the examples should be for teaching purposes.

Bill, remember that for Your own course, and do not avoid the dramatic. It holds the student’s interest precisely because it is so apparent that it can be readily perceived.

But, as We have said before, All teaching devices in the hands of good teachers are aimed at rendering Themselves unnecessary. I would therefore like to use Your present state as an example of how the Mind can work, provided You Both fully recognize that It need not work that way. I never forget this Myself, and a good teacher shares His own ideas, which He Himself believes. Otherwise, He cannot really “profess” them, as We used the term before.

With full recognition of its transitory nature, a recognition which I hope You Both share, H offers a very good teaching example of alternations between Soul and ego, with concomitant variation between Peace and frenzy. In answer to B’s question, it is perfectly apparent that when She is egodominated, She does not know Her Soul. Her abstract ability, which is perfectly genuine and does stem from knowledge, cannot help Her because She has turned to the concrete which She cannot handle abstractly. Being incapable of appropriate concreteness perceptually, because Her ego is not Her natural home, She suffers from its intrusions, but not from complete lack of knowledge.

The result is a kind of “double Vision,” which would have produced an actual diplopia, if She had not settled for nearsightedness. This was an attempt to see the concrete more clearly through the ego’s eyes, without the “interference” of the longer range. Her virtual lack of astigmatism is due to Her real efforts at objectivity and fairness. She has not attained them or She would not be nearsighted. But She has tried to be fair with what She permitted Herself to see.

Why are You surprised that something happened in the dim past, when it is so clearly happening right now? You forget the Love that even animals have for Their own offspring, and the need They feel to protect Them. This is because They regard Them as part of Themselves. No One disowns something He regards as a very real part of Himself. Man reacts to His ego much as God does to His Souls – with Love, protection, and great charity. The reaction of Man to the Self He made is not at all surprising. In fact, it duplicates in many ways the way He will one day react to His real creations, which are as timeless as He is.

The question is not how Man responds toward His ego, but only what He believes He is. Again, belief is an egofunction, and as long as Your origin is open to belief at all, You are regarding it from an ego viewpoint. That is why the bible quotes Me as saying

Ye believe in God, believe also in Me.

Belief does apply to Me, because I am the teacher of the ego. When teaching is no longer necessary, You will merely know God.

Belief that there is another way is the loftiest idea of which egothinking is capable. This is because it contains a hint of recognition that the ego is not the Self. Helen always had this idea, but it merely confused Her. B, You were more capable of a longrange view, and that is why Your eyesight is good. But You were willing to see because You utilized judgment against what You saw. This gave You clearer perception than Helen’s, but cut off the cognitive level more deeply. That is why You believe that You never had knowledge.

Repression has been a stronger mechanism in Your own ego defense, and that is why You find Her shifts so hard to tolerate. Willfullness is more characteristic of Her, and that is why She has less sense than You do. It is extremely fortunate, temporarily, that the particular strengths You will Both develop and use are precisely those which the Other must supply now. You Who will be the Strength of God are quite weak, and You Who will be God’s help are clearly in need of help. What better plan could have been devised to prevent the intrusion of the ego’s arrogance on the outcome?

Undermining the foundation [Fundament] of an ego’s thought system must be perceived as painful, even though this is Anything but True. Babies scream in rage if You take away a knife or a scissors, even though they may well harm Themselves if You do not. The speedup has placed You Both in the same position.

You are not by any means prepared, and in this sense You are babies. You have no sense of real selfpreservation and are very likely to decide that You need precisely what would hurt You most. Whether You know it now or not, however, You Both have willed to cooperate in a concerted and very commendable effort to become Both harmless and helpful, two attributes which must go together. Your attitudes, even toward this, are necessarily conflicted, because All attitudes are egobased.

This will not last. Be patient awhile, and remember what We have said once before: The outcome is as certain as God! Helen used to perceive the quotation To Him that hath shall be given [verlinken] as a paradox that bordered on the ironic. She also had a similar reaction to another related one: Faith is the gift of God. [verlinken] We have reinterpreted both of these statements before, but perhaps We can make them even clearer now.

Only Those Who have a real and lasting sense of abundance can be Truly charitable. This is quite obvious when You consider the concepts involved. To be able to give Anything implies that You can do without it. Even if You associate giving with sacrifice, You still give only because You believe You are somehow getting something better so that You can do without the thing You give.

“Giving to get” is an inescapable law of the ego, which always evaluates itself in relation to others’ egos, and is therefore continually preoccupied with the scarcity principle which gave rise to it. This is the meaning of Freud’s “pleasure principle.” Freud was the most accurate “ego psychologist” We ever had, although He would not have preferred this description Himself. His ego was a very weak and deprived [benachteiligendes] concept, which could function only as a thing in need.

The “Reality principle” of the ego is not real at all. It is forced to perceive the “Reality” of other egos, because it cannot establish the Reality of itself. In fact, its whole perception of other egos as real is only an attempt to convince itself that it is real.

“Self esteem,” [Selbstbewusstsein] in ego terms, means nothing more than that the ego has deluded itself into accepting its Reality and is therefore temporarily less predatory. This “Self esteem” is always vulnerable to stress, a term which really means that a condition has arisen in which the delusion of Reality of the ego is threatened. This produces either egodeflation or egoinflation, resulting in either withdrawal or attack. The ego literally lives by comparisons. This means that equality is beyond its grasp, and charity becomes impossible.

The ego never gives out of abundance, because it was made as a substitute for it. This is why the concept of getting arose in the ego’s thought system. All appetites are “getting” mechanisms representing ego needs to confirm itself. This is as True of bodily appetites as it is of the socalled “higher” ego needs. Bodily appetites are not physical in origin, because the ego regards the body as its home, and does try to satisfy itself through the body. But the idea that this is possible is a decision of the ego, which is completely confused about what is really possible. This accounts for its essential erraticness.

Consider the inevitable confusion which must arise from a perception of the Self which responds: When I was completely on My own I “had no idea what was possible.” The ego does believe it is completely on its own, which is merely another way of describing how it originated. This is such a fearful state that it can only turn to other egos, and unite with them in a feeble attempt at identification or attack them in an equally feeble show of Strength. The ego is free to complete the stem: “When I was completely on My own” in any way it chooses, but it is not free to consider the validity of the premise itself, because this premise is its foundation [Fundament]. The ego is the belief of the Mind that it is completely on its own.

The ego’s ceaseless attempts to gain the Soul’s acknowledgement and thus establish its own existence are utterly useless. The Soul in Its knowledge is unaware of the ego. It does not attack the ego. It merely cannot conceive of it at all. While the ego is equally unaware of the Soul, it does perceive itself as rejected by Something Which is greater than itself. This is why selfesteem in ego terms must be a delusion.

The creations of God do not create myths, but the creative efforts of Man can turn to mythology, but only under one condition. What Man then makes is no longer creative. Myths are entirely perceptions and are so ambivalent in form, and so characteristically good and evil in nature that the most benevolent of them is not without fearful components, if only in innuendo. Myths and magic are closely associated, in that myths are usually related to the ego origins, and magic to the powers which the ego ascribes to itself. Every mythological system includes an account of “the creation,” and associates this with its particular perception of magic.

The “battle for survival” is nothing more than the ego’s struggle to preserve itself and its interpretation of its own beginning. This beginning is always associated with physical birth, because nobody maintains that the ego existed before that point in time. The religiously egooriented tend to believe that the Soul existed before, and will continue to exist afterwards, after a temporary lapse into egolife. Some actually believe that the Soul will be punished for this lapse, even though in Reality it could not possibly know Anything about it.

The term “Salvation” [Erlösung] does not apply to the Soul, Which is not in danger and does not need to be salvaged. Salvation [Erlösung] is nothing more that Rightmindedness which is not the Onemindedness of the Soul, but which must be accomplished before Onemindedness can be restored. Rightmindedness dictates the next step automatically, because right perception is uniformly without attack, so that wrongmindedness is obliterated. The ego cannot survive without judgment, and is laid aside accordingly. The Mind then has only One direction in which It can move.

The directions which the Mind will take are always automatic, because they cannot but be dictated by the thought system to which It adheres. Every thought system has internal consistency, and this does provide a basis for the continuity of behavior. However, this is still reliability and not validity. Reliable behavior is a meaningful perception, as far as ego thinking goes. However, valid behavior is an expression which is inherently contradictory, because validity is an end, and behavior is a means. These cannot be combined logically, because when an end has been attained, the means for its attainment are no longer meaningful.

Test constructors recognize that there are different kinds of validity, and also that they are of different orders. This means that they do not mean Truth and do not pretend to mean It. Test validity can be judged by logic, by theory, and by practice, each being regarded as a different dimension. In each case, the amount of confidence is expressed in some form of percentage, either quantitatively or merely in terms of “high,” moderate, and low. But a hypothesis is tested as either True or false, to be accepted or rejected accordingly. If it is shown to be True it becomes a fact, after which no One attempts to evaluate it unless its status as fact is questioned.

Every idea which the ego has accorded the status of fact is questionable, because facts are in the realm of knowledge. Confusing realms of discourse is a thinking error which philosophers have recognized for centuries. Psychologists are generally quite deficient in this respect, as are many theologians. Data from one realm of discourse do not mean Anything in another, because they can be understood only within the thought systems of which they are a part. This is why psychologists are concentrating increasingly on the ego, in an attempt to unify [vereinheitlichen] Their clearly unrelated data. It need hardly be said that an attempt to relate the unrelated cannot succeed.

The recent ecological emphasis is but a more ingenious way of trying to impose order on chaos. We have already credited the ego with considerable ingenuity, though not with creativeness. But it should always be remembered that inventiveness is really wasted effort, even in its most ingenious forms. We do not have to explain Anything. This is why We need not trouble Ourselves with inventiveness. The highly specific nature of invention is not worthy of the abstract creativity of God’s Creations.

c. Love without Conflict

When H reads this to You, Bill, try to listen very carefully. You have never understood what “The Kingdom of Heaven is within You” means. The reason You cannot understand it is because it is not understandable to the ego, which interprets it as if something outside is inside, which does not mean Anything. The word “within” does not belong. The Kingdom of Heaven is You.

What else but You did the Creator create, and what else but You is His Kingdom? This is the whole message of the Atonement, a message which in its totality transcends the sum of its parts which We have covered before. Christmas is not a time; it is a state of Mind. The Christ Mind wills from the Soul, not from the ego, and the Christ Mind is Yours.

You, too, have a Kingdom which Your Soul has created. It has not ceased to create because Your ego has set You on the road of perception. Your Soul’s creations are no more fatherless than You are. Your ego and Your Soul will never be cocreators, but Your Soul and Your Creator will always be. Be confident that Your creations are as safe as You are. The Kingdom is perfectly united and perfectly protected, and the ego will not prevail against it. Amen.

That was written in that form because it is a good thing to use as a kind of Prayer in moments of temptation. It is a declaration of independence. You will Both find it very helpful if You understand it fully.

In its characteristic upside down way, the ego has taken the impulses from the superconscious and perceives them as if they arise in the unconscious. The ego judges what is to be accepted, and the impulses from the superconscious are unacceptable to it, because they clearly point to the unexistence of the ego itself. The ego therefore experiences threat, and not only censors but also reinterprets the data. However, as Freud very correctly pointed out what You do not perceive You still know, and it can retain a very active Life beyond Your awareness.

Repression thus operates to conceal not only the baser impulses, but also the most lofty ones from the ego’s awareness, because both are threatening to the ego and, being concerned primarily with its preservation in the face of threat, it perceives them as the same. The threat value of the lofty is really much greater to the ego, because the pull of God Himself can hardly be equated with the pull of human appetites.

By perceiving them as the same, the ego attempts to save itself from being swept away, as it would surely be in the presence of knowledge. The upper level of the unconscious thus contains the call of God as well as the call of the body. That is why the basic conflict between Love and fear is unconscious. The ego cannot tolerate either and represses both by resorting to inhibition. Society depends on inhibiting the former, but Salvation [Erlösung] depends on disinhibiting the latter.

The reason You need My help is because You have repressed Your own guide, and therefore need guidance. My role is to separate the True from the false in Your own unconscious, so it can break through the barriers [Hindernisse] the ego has set up and shine into Your Minds. Against Our united Strength, the ego cannot prevail.

It should be quite apparent to You by now why the ego regards the Soul as its “enemy.” The ego arose from the Separation, and its continued existence depends on Your continuing belief in the Separation. Reducing the Soul impulses to the unconscious, the ego has to offer You some sort of reward for maintaining this belief. All it can offer is a sense of temporary existence, which begins with its own beginning and ends with its own ending. It tells You that this Life is Your existence because it is its own.

Against this sense of temporary existence, the Soul offers the knowledge of permanence and unshakeable being. No One Who has experienced the revelation of this can ever fully believe in the ego again. How can its meager offering to You prevail against the glorious gift of God?

You Who identify with Your egos cannot believe that God loves You. You do not love what You have made, and what You have made does not love You. Being made out of the denial of the Father, the ego has no allegiance to its own Maker. You cannot conceive of the real relationship that exists between God and His Souls, because of the hatred You have for the Self You have made. You project onto Your own idea of Yourself the will to separate, which conflicts with the Love You also feel for what You have made because You made it.

No human Love is without this ambivalence, and since no ego has experienced Love without ambivalence, the concept is beyond its understanding. Love will enter immediately into any Mind which Truly wants It, but It must want It Truly. This means that It wants It without ambivalence, and this kind of wanting is wholly without the ego’s “drive to get.”

There is a kind of experience that is so different from Anything the ego can offer that You will never recover. The word is used quite literally here – You will never be able to hide again. It is necessary to repeat that Your belief in darkness and in hiding is why the Light cannot enter.

The bible has many references to the immeasurable gifts which are for You, but for which You must ask. This is not the condition as the ego sets conditions. It is the glorious condition of what You are. No force except Your own will is strong enough or worthy enough to guide You. In this You are as free as God, and must remain so forever.

You can never be bound except in honor, and that is always voluntary. Let Us ask the Father in My Name to keep You mindful of His Love for You and Yours for Him. He has never failed to answer this request, because it asks only for what He has already willed. Those Who call Truly are always answered.

Note: H became very fearful here, and rather vaguely thought the answer was: “Thou shalt have no other Gods before Me, because there are none. You still think there are.”

It has never really entered Your Minds to give up every idea You have ever had that opposes knowledge. You retain thousands of little scraps of meanness which prevent the Holy One from entering. Light cannot penetrate through the walls You make to block it, and it is forever unwilling to destroy what You have made. No One can see through a wall, but I can step around it.

Watch Your Minds for the scraps of meanness or You will be unable to ask Me to do so. I can help You only as Our Father Created Us. I will love You and honor You and maintain complete respect for what You have made. But I will neither love nor honor it unless it is True. I will never forsake You, any more than God will. But I must wait as long as You will to forsake Yourselves.

Because I wait in Love and not in impatience, You will surely ask Me Truly. I will come gladly in response to a single unequivocal call. Watch carefully, and see what it is You are Truly asking for. Be very honest with Yourselves about this, for You We must hide nothing from Each Other.

If You will really try to do this, You have taken the first step toward preparing Your Minds for the Holy One to enter. We will prepare for this together, and once He has come, You will be ready to help Me make other Minds ready for Him. How long will You deny Him His Kingdom?

In Your own unconscious, deeply repressed by the ego, is the declaration of Your release. God has given You Everything. This is the one fact which means that the ego does not exist, and which therefore makes it profoundly afraid. In the ego’s language, to have and to be are different, but they are identical to the Soul. It knows that You Both have Everything and are Everything. Any distinction in this respect is meaningful only when the idea of getting, which implies a lack, has already been accepted. That is why We made no distinction before between having the Kingdom of God and being the Kingdom of God.

The calm being of God’s Kingdom, which in Your sane Mind is perfectly conscious, is ruthlessly banished from the part of the Mind which the ego rules. The ego is desperate because it opposes literally invincible odds whether You are asleep or awake. Consider how much vigilance You have been willing to exert to protect Your ego, and how little You have been willing to exert to protect Your higher Mind. Who but the insane would undertake to believe what is not True, and then protect this belief at the cost of Truth?

d. The Escape from Fear

If You cannot hear the voice of God, it is because You do not choose to listen. The fact that You do listen to the voice of Your ego is demonstrated by Your attitudes, Your feelings, and Your behavior. Your attitudes are obviously conflicted; Your feelings have a narrow range on the negative side, but are never purely joyous; and Your behavior is either strained [anstrengend] or unpredictable. Yet this is what You want. This is what You are fighting to keep, and what You are vigilant to save. Your Minds are filled with schemes to save the face of Your egos, and You do not seek the Face of God.

The glass in which the ego seeks to see its face is dark indeed. How can it maintain the trick of its existence except with mirrors? But where You look to find Yourself is up to You. We have said that You cannot change Your Mind by changing Your behavior, but We have also said, and many times before, that You can change Your Mind. When Your mood tells You that You have willed wrongly, and this is so whenever You are not joyous, then know this need not be.

In every case You have thought wrongly about some Soul that God created, and are perceiving images Your ego makes in a darkened glass. Think honestly what You have thought that God would not have thought, and what You have not thought that God would have You think. Search sincerely for what You have done and left undone accordingly. And then change Your Minds to think with God’s.

This may seem hard to You, but it is much easier than trying to think against It. Your Mind is One with God’s. Denying this and thinking otherwise has held Your ego together, but has literally split Your Mind. As a loving Brother, I am deeply concerned with Your Minds, and urge You to follow My example as You look at Yourselves and at Each Other and see in Both the glorious Creations of a glorious Father.

When You are sad, know that this need not be. Depression always arises ultimately from a sense of being deprived of something You want and do not have. Know You are deprived of nothing, except by Your own decisions, and then decide otherwise.

When You are anxious, know that All anxiety comes from the capriciousness of the ego, and need not be. You can be as vigilant against the ego’s dictates as for them.

When You feel guilty, know that Your ego has indeed violated the laws of God, but You have not. Leave the sins of the ego to Me. That is what the Atonement is for. But until You change Your Mind about Those Your ego has hurt, the Atonement cannot release You. As long as You feel guilty, Your ego is in command, because only the ego can experience guilt. This need not be.

You, Helen, have been more honest than B in really trying to see Whom Your ego has hurt, and also in trying to change Your Mind about Them.

H is doubtful whether this is accurately written at a time when She was very angry.

I am not unmindful of Your efforts, but You still have much too much energy invested in Your ego. This need not be. Watch Your Minds for the temptations of the ego, and do not be deceived by it. Know it offers You nothing.

You, B, have not made consistent efforts to change Your Mind except through applying old habit patterns to new ideas. But You have learned, and learned it better than H, that Your Mind gains control over Itself when You direct It genuinely toward perceiving Someone else Truly.

H is doubtful about accuracy here.

Your lack of vitality [Lebensfreude] is due to Your former marked effort at solving Your needless depression and anxiety through disinterest. Because Your ego was protected by this unfortunate negative attribute, You are afraid to abandon it.

When You have given up this voluntary disspiriting, You have already seen how Your Mind can focus, and rise above fatigue, and heal. But You are not sufficiently vigilant against the demands of Your ego that You disengage Yourself. This need not be. The habit of engaging with God and His Creations is easily made if You refuse actively to let Your Minds slip away. Your problem is not concentration: It is a belief that nobody, including Yourself, is worth consistent effort.

Side with Me consistently against this deception, as We have sided against it briefly already. Do not permit this shabby belief to pull You back. The disheartened are useless to Themselves and to Me, but only the ego can be disheartened.

Have You really considered how many opportunities You have to gladden Yourselves, and how many of them You have refused? There is no limit to the power of a Son of God, but He Himself can limit the expression of His power as much as He wills. Your Mind and Mine can unite in shining Your ego away, and releasing the Strength of God into Everything You think and will and do. Do no settle for Anything less than this, and refuse to accept Anything but this as Your goal.

Watch Your Minds carefully for any beliefs that hinder Its accomplishment, and step away from them. Judge how well You have done this by Your own feelings, for this is the one right use of judgment. Judgment, like any other defense, can be used to attack or protect, to hurt or to heal. The ego should be brought to Your own judgment and found wanting there. Without Your own allegiance, protection, and Love it cannot exist.

Judge Your ego Truly, and You must withdraw allegiance, protection, and Love from it. You are mirrors of Truth in which God Himself shines in perfect Light. To the ego’s dark glass You need but say, “I will not look there because I know these images are not True.”

Then let Me the Holy One shine upon You in Peace, knowing that this and only this must be! His Mind shone on You in Your creation, and brought Your Mind into being. His Mind still shines on You and must shine through You. Your ego cannot prevent Him from shining on You, but it can prevent You from letting Him shine through You.

The first coming of Christ is just another Name for the Creation, for Christ is the Son of God. The second coming of Christ means nothing more than the end of the ego’s rule over part of the Minds of Men, and the healing of the Mind. I was created like You in the First, and I am reminding You that I have called You to join with Me in the Second.

If You will think over Your Lives, You will see how carefully the preparations were made. I am in charge of the Second Coming as I have already told You, and My judgment, which is used only for its protection, cannot be wrong because it never attacks. Yours is so distorted that You believe that I was mistaken in choosing You. I assure You this is a mistake of Your own egos. Do not mistake it for humility.

Your egos are trying to convince You that they are real, and I am not, because if I am real, I am no more real than You are. That knowledge, and I assure You that it is knowledge, means that Christ must come into Your Minds and heal Them.

While I am not attacking Your egos, I am working with Your higher Mind whether You are asleep or awake, just as Your ego does with Your lower Mind. I am Your vigilance in this, because You are too confused to recognize Your own hope.

I was not mistaken. Your Minds will elect to join with Mine, and together We are invincible. You Two will yet come together in My Name and Your sanity will be restored. I raised the dead by knowing that Life is an eternal attribute of Everything that the living God Created. Why do You believe that it is harder for Me to inspire the disspirited or to stabilize the unstable? I do not believe that there is an order of difficulty in Miracles: You do. I have called and You will answer. I know that Miracles are natural, because They are expressions of Love. My calling You is as natural as Your answer and as inevitable.

e. The egobody Illusion

All things work together for good. There are no exceptions except in the ego’s judgment. Control is a central factor in what the ego permits into consciousness, and one to which it devotes its maximum vigilance. This is not the way a balanced Mind holds together. Its control is unconscious.

The ego is further off balance by keeping its primary motivation unconscious, and raising control rather than sensible judgment to predominance. It has every reason to do this, according to the thought system which both gave rise to it and which it serves. Sane judgment would inevitably judge against it, and must be obliterated by the ego in the interest of its selfpreservation.

A crucial Source of the ego’s offbalance state is its lack of discrimination between impulses from God and from the body. Any thought system which makes this confusion must be insane. Yet this demented state is essential to the ego, which judges only in terms of threat or nonthreat to itself.

In one sense, the ego’s fear of the idea of God is at least logical, because this idea does dispel it. Fear of dissolution from the higher Source, then, makes some sense in ego terms. But fear of the body, with which the ego identifies so closely, is more blatantly senseless [Schwachsinn]. The body is the ego’s home by its own election. It is the only identification with which it feels safe, because the body’s vulnerability is its own best argument that You cannot be of God.

This is the belief that it sponsors eagerly. Yet the ego hates the body, because it does not accept the idea that the body is good enough as its home. Here is where the Mind becomes actually dazed. Being told by the ego that it is really part of the body, and that the body is its protector, it is also constantly informed that the body can not protect it. This, of course, is not only True, but perfectly obvious.

Therefore, the Mind asks, “Where can I go for protection?,” to which the ego replies, “Turn to Me.” The Mind, and not without cause, reminds the ego that It has Itself insisted that It is identified with the body, so there is no point in turning to It for protection. The ego has no real answer to this because there isn’t any. But it does have a typical solution. It obliterates the question from the Mind’s awareness. Once unconscious, it can and does produce uneasiness, but it cannot be answered because it cannot be asked.

This is the question which must be asked: “Where am I to go for protection?” Only an insane Mind fails to ask it. Even the insane ask it unconsciously, but it requires real sanity to ask it consciously.

If You will remember Your dream about the recorder, which was remarkably accurate in some ways because it came partly from egorepressed knowledge, the real problem was correctly stated as “What is the question?” because, as You very well knew, the answer could be found if the question were recognized. If You remember, there were a number of solutions You attempted, All egobased, not because You thought they would really work, but because the question itself was obscure.

When the bible says “Seek and ye shall find,” it does not mean that You should seek blindly and desperately for something You wouldn’t recognize. Meaningful seeking is consciously undertaken, consciously organized, and consciously directed. B’s chief contribution to Your joint venture is His insistence that the goal be formulated clearly, and kept in Mind.

You, Helen, are not good at doing this. You still search for many gods simultaneously, and this goal confusion, given a strong will, must produce chaotic behavior. B’s behavior is not chaotic, because He is not so much goaldivided [gespalten] as not goaloriented. Where Helen has overinvested in many goals, B has underinvested in All goals. He has the advantage of potentially greater freedom from distractibility, but He does not care enough to use it. Helen has the advantage of great effort, but She keeps losing sight of the goal.

B has very intelligently suggested that You Both should set Yourself the goal of really studying for this Course. There can be no doubt of the Wisdom of this decision, for any student Who wants to pass it. But, knowing Your individual weaknesses as learners and being a teacher with some experience, I must remind You that learning and wanting to learn are inseparable.

All learners learn best when They believe that what They are trying to learn is of value to Them. But values in this world are hierarchical, and not Everything You may want to learn has lasting value. Indeed, many of the things You want to learn are chosen because their value will not last. The ego thinks it is an advantage not to commit itself to Anything that is eternal, because the eternal must come from God.

Eternalness is the one function that the ego has tried to develop, but has systematically failed. It may surprise You to learn that had the ego willed to do so, it could have made the eternal, because, as a product of the Mind, it is endowed with the power of its own Creator. But the decision to do this, rather than the ability to do it is what the ego cannot tolerate. That is because the decision, from which the ability would naturally develop, would necessarily involve True perception, a state of clarity which the ego, fearful of being judged Truly, must avoid.

The results of this dilemma are peculiar, but no more so than the dilemma itself. The ego has reacted characteristically here as elsewhere, because mental illness, which is always a form of egoinvolvement, is not a problem of reliability as much as of validity. The ego compromises with the issue of the eternal, just as it does with All issues that touch on the real question in any way. By compromising in connection with all tangential questions, it hopes to hide the real question and keep it out of Mind. Its characteristic “business” with nonessentials is precisely for that purpose.

Consider the alchemist’s ageold attempts to turn base metal into gold.

This typo was originally “God”.

The one question which the alchemist did not permit Himself to ask was

What For?

He could not ask this, because it would immediately become apparent that there was no sense in His efforts, even if He succeeded. The ego has also countenanced some strange compromises with the idea of the eternal, making odd attempts to relate the concept to the unimportant in an effort to satisfy the Mind without jeopardizing itself. Thus, it has permitted many good Minds to devote Themselves to perpetual motion, but not to perpetual thoughts.

Ideational preoccupations with conceptual problems set up to be incapable of solution are another favorite ego device for impeding the Strongwilled from real progress in learning. The problems of squaring the circle, and carrying pi to infinity are good examples. A more recent egoattempt is particularly noteworthy. The idea of preserving the body by suspension, thus giving it the kind of limited immortality which the ego can tolerate, is among its more recent appeals to the Mind.

It is noticeable that in All these diversionary tactics, the one question which is never asked by Those Who pursue them is

What for?

This is the question which You must learn to ask in connection with Everything Your Mind wills to undertake. What is Your purpose? Whatever it is, You cannot doubt that it will channelize Your efforts automatically. When You make a decision of purpose, then, You have made a decision about future effort, a decision which will remain in effect unless You change the decision.

Psychologists are in a good position to realize that the ego is capable of making and accepting as real some very distorted associations which are not True. The confusion of sex with aggression, and resulting behavior which is the same for both, is a good example. This is understandable to the psychologist, and does not produce surprise. The lack of surprise, however, is not a sign of understanding. It is a symptom of the psychologist’s ability to accept as reasonable a compromise which is clearly senseless [Schwachsinn], to attribute it to the mental illness of the patient rather than His own, and to limit His questions about Both the patient and Himself to the trivial.

These relatively minor confusions of the ego are not among its more profound misassociations, although they do reflect them. Your own egos have been blocking the more important questions which Your Minds should ask. You do not understand a patient while You Yourselves are willing to limit the questions You raise about His Mind, because You are also accepting these limits for Yours. This makes You unable to heal Him and Yourselves. Be always unwilling to adapt to any situation in which Miraclemindedness is unthinkable. That state in itself is enough to demonstrate that perception is wrong.

f. The Constant [gleichbleibend] State

It cannot be emphasized too often that correcting perception is merely a temporary expedient. It is necessary only because Misperception is a block to knowledge, while accurate perception is a steppingstone towards it. The whole value of right perception lies in the inevitable judgment which it necessarily entails that it is unnecessary. This removes the block entirely.

You may ask how this is possible as long as You appear to be living in this world. And since this is a sensible question, it has a sensible answer. But You must be careful that You really understand the question. What is the You Who are living in this world? Bill will probably have more trouble with this than You, but if He will try not to close His Mind, He may decide that We are not engaging in denial after all.

To help Him, it might be wise to review a number of the concepts with which He does not appear to have trouble, except at times. He liked the idea of invisibility, and was particularly open to the concept of different orders of Reality. He also found the notion of varying densities of energy appealing. While He may yet agree that these are merely teaching aids, this is a good time to employ them.

Immortality is a constant state. It is as True now as it ever was or will be, because it implies no change at all. It is not a continuum, and it is not understood by comparing it with any opposite. Knowledge never involves comparisons. That is its essential difference from Everything else the Mind can grasp.

“A little knowledge” is not dangerous except to the ego. Vaguely the ego senses threat, and, being unable to realize that “a little knowledge” is a meaningless phrase because “All” and “a little” in this context are the same, decides that since “All” is impossible, the fear does not lie in this. “A little,” however, is a scarcity concept, and this the ego understands well. Regarding “All” as impossible, “a little” is perceived as the real threat.

The essential thing to remember always is that the ego does not recognize the real Source of its perceived threat. And if You associate Yourself with the ego, You do not perceive the whole situation as it really is. Only Your allegiance to it gives the ego any power over You. We have spoken of the ego as if it were a separate thing, acting on its own. This was necessary to persuade You that You cannot dismiss it lightly, and must realize how much of Your thinking is egodirected. But We cannot safely leave it at that or You will regard Yourselves as necessarily conflicted as long as You are here, or more properly, believe that You are here.

The ego is nothing more than a part of Your belief about Yourselves. Your other Life has continued without interruption, and has been and always will be totally unaffected by Your attempts to dissociate. The ratio of repression and dissociation of Truth varies with the individual egoillusion.

Tell Bill that this phrase is very good.

But dissociation is always involved or You would not believe that You are here.

When I told Bill to concentrate on the phrase “here I am, Lord,” I did not mean “in this world” by “here.” I wanted Him to think of Himself as a separate consciousness, capable of direct communication with the Creator of that consciousness. He, too, must begin to think of Himself as a very powerful receiving and sending channel, a description I once gave You symbolically. Remember that He understood it before You did, because You are more dissociative and less repressed.

Your great debt to Each Other is something You should never forget. It is exactly the same debt that You owe to Me. Whenever You react egotistically towards Each Other, You are throwing away the graciousness of Your indebtedness and the Holy perception it would produce. The reason why the term “Holy” can be used here is that, as You learn how much You are indebted to the whole Sonship Which includes Me, You come as close to knowledge as perception ever can. This gap is so small knowledge can easily flow across it and obliterate it forever.

You have very little trust in Me as yet [bislang], but it will increase as You turn more and more often to Me instead of to Your egos for guidance. The results will convince You increasingly that Your choice in turning to Me is the only sane one You can make. No One Who has learned from experience that one choice brings Peace and Joy while another brings chaos and disaster needs much conditioning. The ego cannot withstand the conditioning process, because the process itself demonstrates that there is another way.

The classic conditioning by rewards model has always been most effective. Howard Hunt made a very good point in this connection, even though He did not understand that the real reason why conditioning through pain is not the most efficient method is because pain itself is an egoillusion, and can never induce more than a temporary effect.

The rewards of God are immediately recognized as eternal. Since this recognition is made by You and not by Your ego, the recognition itself establishes that You and Your ego cannot be identical. You may believe that You have already accepted the difference, but You are by no means convinced as yet [bislang]. The very fact that You are preoccupied with the idea of escaping from the ego shows this.

You cannot escape from the ego by humbling it or controlling it or punishing it. The ego and the Soul do not know each other. The separated Mind cannot maintain the separation except by dissociating. Having done this, it utilizes repression against All Truly natural impulses, not because the ego is a separate thing, but because You want to believe that You are. The ego is a device for maintaining this belief, but it is still only Your willingness to use the device that enables it to endure.

My trust in You is greater than Yours in Me at the moment, but it will not always be that way. Your mission is very simple. You have been chosen to live so as to demonstrate that You are not an ego. I repeat that I do not choose God’s channels wrongly. The Holy One shares My trust and always approves My Atonement decisions, because My will is never out of accord with His.

I have told You several times that I am in charge of the whole Atonement. This is only because I completed My part in it as a Man, and can now complete it through other Men. My chosen receiving and sending channels cannot fail, because I will lend them My Strength as long as Theirs is wanting. I will go with You to the Holy One, and through My perception He can bridge the little gap. Your gratitude to Each Other is the only gift I want. I will bring it to God for You, knowing that to know Your Brother is to know God.

A little knowledge is an allencompassing thing. If You are grateful to Each Other You are grateful to God for what He created. Through Your gratitude You can come to know Each Other, and one moment of real recognition makes All Men Your Brothers because They are All of Your Father. Love does not conquer All things, but It does set All things right.

Because You are All the Kingdom of God, I can lead You back to Your own creations, which You do not yet know. God has kept them very safe in His knowing while Your attention has wandered. Bill gave You a very important idea when He told You that what has been dissociated is still there. I am grateful to Him for that, and I hope He will not decide that it is True only for You. Even though dissociation is much more apparent in You, and repression is much more evident in Him, Each of You utilizes both.

Wisdom always dictates that a therapist work through weaker defenses first. That is why I suggested to Bill that He persuade You to deal with repression first. We have only just about reached the point where dissociation means much to You, because it is so important to Your misbeliefs. Bill might do well, and You could help Him here, to concentrate more on His dissociative tendencies and not try to deal with repression yet.

I hinted at this when I remarked on His habit of disengaging Himself, and when I spoke to Him about distantiation. These are All forms of dissociation, and these weaker forms were always more evident in Him than in You. That is because dissociation was so extreme in Your case that You did not have to hide it because You were not aware that it was there. Bill, on the other hand, does dissociate more than He thinks, and that is why He cannot listen. He does not need to go through the same course in repression that You did, because He will give up His major misdefense after He has rid Himself of the lesser ones.

Do not disturb Yourself about repression, Bill, but do train Yourself to be alert to any tendency to withdraw from Your Brothers. Withdrawal is frightening, and You do not recognize All the forms it takes in You. Helen is right that She will experience things that will cut across All Her perceptions because of their stunning knowledge. You were right that this will occur when She learns to recognize what She already knows and has dissociated.

You, Bill, will learn somewhat differently, because You are afraid of All complete involvements, and believe that they lessen You. You have learned to be so much more clearsighted about this that You should be ready to oppose it in Yourself relatively easily. As You come closer to a Brother, You do approach Me, and as You withdraw from Him I become distant to You.

Your giant step forward was to insist on a collaborative venture. This does not go against the True Spirit of meditation at all. It is inherent in it. Meditation is a collaborative venture with God. It cannot be undertaken successfully by Those Who disengage Themselves from the Sonship, because They are disengaging Themselves from Me. God will come to You only as You will give Him to Your Brothers. Learn first of Them, and You will be ready to hear God as You hear Them. That is because the function of Love is One.

Answer to H’s question about Her reactions and also B’s question:

The reason for the fear reaction is quite apparent. You have not yet been able to suspend judgment and have nearly succeeded in weakening Yourself over this. Since You have unfortunately the tendency to be selfpreserving You believe that control of judgment is a selfpreserving function and therefore requires it as a necessary defense of Your Self. Weakening this defense deliberately is thus perceived as dangerous necessarily which frightens You.

B was right that You should ask before attempting it again. It would be very unwise to try it before We can do it together as I told You last night. I assure You I will be vigilant in identifying the right time, and as I told You very clearly next time We will do it together. I did not tell You when that will be because I don’t know. You will tell Me that but may not recognize that You have done so. That is why You need Me to relay Your own message back to You. When We are Both ready, it cannot be fearful.

In answer to B’s question as to why He has so much difficulty in communication, You were right in what You said in the cab and B could not listen. However He seems to be able to listen quite carefully to the notes. Ask Him please to listen very carefully to these.

If You ask Me for guidance You have signified Your willingness to give over Your own control at least to some extent. Your frequent failure to ask at all indicates that at such times You are not willing to go even that far. But when You at least ask, You are acting with a cooperative thought even though it may not lack ambivalence. You are therefore entitled to a specific answer but unless You follow it without judging it, You will become defensive about the next steps which You will take.

You asked merely what You should do now. The Answer was to tell Jack to pick You up at 3. B’s reaction to this was unfortunate and Yours was much more constructive making it particularly unfortunate that B accepted Your very correct response to His reaction with imitation. But it was inevitable because He had already given way to fear. Then You reacted to His mistake with imitation and We lost Our communication for a time. Let Us try to reestablish Our communication now.

B was unwise in deciding on His own that unless He went to His apartment, Jack would be in trouble. This association meant that He saw only one alternative and was unable to keep an open Mind. Certainly He should be careful that way. Guidance which comes from Me will not jeopardize Anyone.

It should also be noted that He projected His misperception onto You, assuming that You were counting on magic to get Jack to take You home in spite of the traffic, and not realizing that situation as it is. I would like to tell Him for You that this was a misperception of His and although You have done this many times in the past You were not doing it then. As You very correctly stated but B could not listen at the time, You were merely repeating a message for which You had asked and were not judging the outcomes. B was. If You can continue not to evaluate My messages and merely follow them, they will lead to good for Everyone. Since this is the same area of discipline which is causing Both of You trouble with meditation to practice in this is essential.

I do not yet know what decisions Those Who are involved in later today will make but I urge You to share that whatever they may be can be utilized for good if You will let them be. Why not unburden Yourselves of the kind of responsibility which You can’t meet and devote Yourselves in Peace to the many others which You can discharge without strain? It is Their responsibility to recognize the difference. Any confusion in this respect is arrogance. Note also that I specifically told You in answer to Your own question of this being that Miracles should be offered Both to Art and to Your Brother. They are urgently needed for You although this is not the Spirit in which You must undertake Them. You have hurt Yourselves and need healing. It does not matter whether the People You think have hurt You have really thought hurtfully. You have. We must undo this and Our attempts will surely be blessed.

Since Both of You have asked Me to point up errors in perceiving, I would request that B reviews carefully His reactions to Your suggestion that You go over the same material. Even though You did not ask which was a mistake B immediately evaluated the suggestion in terms of His own convenience which was another mistake. Your motives were not uncharitable even though Your failure to ask for guidance was a sign of fear. You thought that Art would be able to understand B’s going to the hospital while He could not understand Your presence as P. I.

B’s reaction did not take alternate possibilities into account which is one of His uses for problems. He should also train Himself to learn that alternate possibilities are better not left up to Him. Whenever He reacts as though they are He will have trouble.

If You had asked where to go, and B had been willing to forgo control of the decision whatever You had done would have been only benign. Could You continue the day in that Spirit? If You will to help B overcome His limitation, which is totally unjustified in spite of His misperception We will not only help Him but enable Both of Us to help You. This will institute the chain of helpfulness and harmlessness which always leads to the Atonement and becomes a powerful part of its beneficence.

I offer far more than partial guidance although You do not ask for more. The uneven quality of Your skill in both asking and following My directions is due to the alternations You experience between ego and Miracle orientated perception. This is a strain, but fortunately one which can be overcome along with the rest. There will never be a time when I do not will to try again. You might be gladdened by remembering that.

How can You teach Someone the value of something He has thrown away deliberately? He must have thrown it away because He did not value it. You can only show Him how miserable He is without it, and bring it near very slowly, so He can learn how His misery lessens as He approaches it. This conditions Him to associate His misery with its absence, and to associate the opposite of misery with its presence. It gradually becomes desirable, as He changes His Mind about its worth.

I am conditioning You to associate misery with the ego, and Joy with Your Soul. You have conditioned Yourself the other way around. But a far greater reward will break through any conditioning, if it is repeatedly offered when the old habit is broken. You are still free to choose. But can You really want the rewards of the ego in the presence of the rewards of God?

g. Creation and Communication

It should be clear that, while the content of any particular egoillusion does not matter, it is usually more helpful to correct it in a specific context. Bill is right that You are too abstract in this matter. Egoillusions are quite specific, although they frequently change, and although the Mind is naturally abstract, It became concrete voluntarily as soon as It splits. However, only part of It splits, so only part of It is concrete.

The concrete part is the same part that believes in the ego, because the ego depends on the specific. It is the part that believes Your existence means You are separate. Everything the ego perceives is a separate whole, without the relationships that imply being. The ego is thus against communication, except in so far as it is utilized to establish separateness, rather than to abolish it.

The communication system of the ego is based on its own thought system, as is Everything else it dictates. Its communication is controlled by its need to protect itself, and it will disrupt communication when it experiences threat. While this is always so, individual egos perceive different kinds of threat, which are quite specific in their own judgment. For example, although All forms of perceived demands may be classified or judged by the ego as coercive communication which must be disrupted, the response of breaking communication will nevertheless be to a specific Person or Persons.

The specificity of the ego’s thinking, then, results in a spurious kind of generalization, which is really not abstract at all. It will respond in certain specific ways to All stimuli which it perceives as related. In contrast, the Soul reacts in the same way to Everything it know is True, and does not respond at all to Anything else. Nor does it make any attempt to establish what is True. It knows that what is True is Everything that God created. It is in complete and direct communication with every aspect of Creation, because it is in complete and direct communication with its Creator.

This communication is the will of God. Creation and communication are synonymous. God created every Mind by communicating His Mind to It, thus establishing It forever as a channel for the reception of His Mind and Will. Since only beings of a like order can Truly communicate. His Creations naturally communicate with Him and communicate like Him. This communication is perfectly abstract, in that its quality is Universal in application, and not subject to any judgment, any exception or any alteration.

God made You by this and for this. The Mind can distort Its functions, but It cannot endow Itself with those It was not given. That is why the Mind cannot totally lose the ability to communicate, even though It may refuse to utilize it on behalf of being. Existence as well as being rests on communication.

Existence is specific in how, what, and with Whom communication is worth undertaking. Being is completely without these distinctions. It is a state in which the Mind is in communication with Everything that is real, including Its own Soul. To whatever extent You permit this state to be curtailed, You are limiting Your sense of Your own Reality, which becomes total only by recognizing All Reality in the glorious context of its real relationship to You. This is Your Reality. Do not desecrate it or recoil from it. It is Your real home, Your real temple, and Your real Self.

God, Who encompasses All Being, nevertheless created separate beings Who have Everything individually, but Who want to share it to increase Their Joy. Nothing that is real can be increased except by sharing it. That is why God Himself created You. Divine Abstraction takes Joy in application, and that is what creation means. How, what, and to Whom are irrelevant, because real creation gives Everything since it can only create like itself. Remember that in being, there is no difference between having and being, as there is in existence. In the state of being, the Mind gives Everything always.

The bible repeatedly states that You should praise God. This hardly means that You should tell Him how wonderful He is. He has no ego with which to accept thanks, and no perceptions with which to judge Your offerings. But unless You take Your part in the creation, His Joy is not complete because Yours is incomplete. And this He does know. He knows it in His own Being and its experience of His Sons’ experience. The constant going out of His Love is blocked when His Channels are closed, and He is lonely when the Minds He created do not communicate fully with Him.

God has kept Your kingdom for You, but He cannot share His Joy with You until You know it with Your whole Mind. Even revelation is not enough, because it is communication from God. But it is not enough until it is shared. God does not need revelation returned to Him, which would clearly be impossible, but He does want revelation brought to Others. This cannot be done with the actual revelation, because its content cannot be expressed, and it is intensely personal to the Mind which receives it. But it can still be returned by that Mind through Its attitudes to other Minds which the knowledge from the revelation brings.

God is praised whenever any Mind learns to be wholly helpful. This is impossible without being wholly harmless, because the two beliefs cannot coexist. The Truly Helpful are invulnerable, because They are not protecting Their egos, so that nothing can hurt Them. Their helpfullness is Their praise of God, and He will return Their praise of Him, because They are like Him and can rejoice together. God goes out to Them and through Them, and there is great Joy throughout the Kingdom. Every Mind That is changed adds to this Joy with Its own individual willingness to share in it.

The Truly helpful are God’s Miracleworkers, Whom I direct until We are All united in the Joy of the kingdom. I will direct You to wherever You can be Truly helpful, and to whoever can follow My guidance through You. I arranged for Bill to attend the rehabilitation meetings for very good reasons, and I want Him to know them so We can share Our goal there.

h. True Rehabilitation

Properly speaking, every Mind Which is split needs rehabilitation. The medical orientation emphasizes the body, and the vocational orientation stresses the ego. The team approach generally leads more to confusion than Anything else, because it is too often misused as an expedient for sharing the ego’s dominion with other ego’s rather than as a real experiment in cooperation of Minds.

The reason why Bill needs this experience is because He needs rehabilitating Himself. How often have I answered “help Him” when You asked Me to help You? He, too, has asked for help, and He has been helped whenever He was Truly helpful to You. He has also gained to whatever extent He could give. He will help You more Truly by going, if He can remember All the time He is there that His only reason for being there is to represent Me.

Rehabilitation, as a movement, has been an improvement over overt neglect, but it is often little more than a painful attempt on the part of the halt to lead the blind. Bill, You will see this at every meeting. But this is not why You were chosen to go. You have a fear of broken bodies, because Your ego cannot tolerate them. Your ego cannot tolerate egoweakness, either, without ambivalence, because it is afraid of its own weakness and the weakness of its chosen home.

That is really why You recoil from the demands of the dependent, and from the sight of a broken body. Your ego is threatened, and blocks Your natural impulse to help, placing You under the strain of divided [gespaltener] will. You withdraw to allow Your ego to recover, and to regain enough Strength to be helpful again on a basis limited enough not to threaten Your ego, but also too limited to give You Joy.

Those with broken bodies are often looked down on by the ego, because of its belief that nothing but a perfect body is worthy as its own temple. A Mind That recoils from a hurt body is in great need of rehabilitation itself. A damaged brain is also hardly a danger. All symptoms of hurt need True helpfullness, and whenever they are met with this, the Mind That so meets them heals Itself.

Rehabilitation is an attitude of praising God as He Himself knows praise. He offers praise to You, and You must offer it to Others. The real limitations on clinical psychology, as it is evaluated by its followers at present, are not reflected by the attitudes of psychiatrists or medical boards or hospital administrators, even though most of Them are sadly in need of rehabilitation Themselves.

The real handicaps of the clinicians lie in their attitudes to Those Whom Their egos perceive as weakened and damaged. By these evaluations, They have weakened and damaged Their own helpfullness, and have thus set Their own rehabilitation back. Rehabilitation is not concerned with the ego’s fight for control, nor the ego’s need to avoid and withdraw.

Bill, You can do much on behalf of Your own rehabilitation and Helen’s, and much more Universally as well, if You think of the Princeton meetings in this way:

I am here only to be Truly helpful.
I am here to represent Christ, Who sent Me.
I do not have to worry about what to say or what to do, because the One Who sent Me will direct Me.
I am content to be wherever He wished, knowing He goes there with Me.
I will be healed as I let Him teach Me to heal.

Chapter 30 – The New Beginning

a. Rules for Decision

Today I will make no decisions by Myself.

If I make no decisions by Myself, This is the day that will be given Me.

I have no question. I forgot what to decide.

At least I can decide I do not like what I feel now.

And so I hope I have been wrong.

I want another way to look at this.

Perhaps there is another way to look at this. What can I lose by asking?

Workbook

Part 1

1. Nothing I see in this room means Anything.
2. I have given Everything I see in this room All the meaning that it has for Me.
3. I do not understand Anything I see in this room.
4. These thoughts do not mean Anything. They are like the things I see in this room.
5. I am never upset for the reason I think.
6. I am upset because I see something that is not there.
7. I see only the past.
8. My Mind is preoccupied with past thoughts.
9. I see nothing as it is now.
10. My thoughts do not mean Anything.
11. My meaningless thoughts are showing Me a meaningless world.
12. I am upset because I see a meaningless world.
13. A meaningless world engenders fear.
14. God did not create a meaningless world.
15. My thoughts are images which I have made.
16. I have no neutral thoughts.
17. I see no neutral things.
18. I am not alone in experiencing the effects of My seeing.
19. I am not alone in experiencing the effects of My thoughts.
20. I am determined to see.
21. I am determined to see things differently.
22. What I see is a form of vengeance.

I see only the perishable.
I see nothing that will last.
What I see is not real.
What I see is a form of vengeance.

Is this the world I really want to see?

23. I can escape from the world I see by giving up attack thoughts.
24. I do not perceive My own best interests.
25. I do not know what Anything is for.
26. My attack thoughts are attacking My invulnerability.
27. Above All else I want to see.
28. Above All else I want to see things differently.
29. God is in Everything I see.
30. God is in Everything I see because God is in My Mind.
31. I am not the victim of the world I see.
32. I have invented the world I see.
33. There is another way of looking at the world.
34. I could see Peace instead of this.
35. My Mind is part of God’s. I am very Holy.
36. My Holiness envelops Everything I see.
37. My Holiness blesses the world.
38. There is nothing My Holiness cannot do.
39. My Holiness is My Salvation [Erlösung].
40. I am blessed as a Son of God.
41. God goes with Me wherever I go.
42. God is My Strength. Vision is His gift.
43. God is My Source. I cannot see apart from Him.
44. God is the Light in which I see.
45. God is the Mind with which I think.
46. God is the Love in which I forgive.
47. God is the Strength in which I trust.
48. There is nothing to fear.
49. God’s Voice speaks to Me All through the day.
50. I am sustained by the Love of God.

Review 1

51. The review for today covers the following ideas:
52. Today’s review covers these ideas:
53. Today We will review the following:
54. These are the review ideas for today:
55. Today’s review includes the following:
56. Our review for today covers the following:
57. Today let Us review these ideas:
58. These ideas are for review today:
59. The following ideas are for review today:
60. These ideas are for today’s review.
61. I am the Light of the world.
62. Forgiveness is My function as the Light of the world.
63. The Light of the world brings Peace to every Mind through My forgiveness.

The light of the world brings peace to every mind through my forgiveness.
I am the means God has appointed for the salvation of the world.

64. Let Me not forget My function.

Let Me not forget My function.
Let Me not try to substitute Mine for Godʹs.
Let Me forgive and be happy.

This is the world it is My function to save.

65. My only function is the One God gave Me.
66. My happiness and My function are One.
67. Love created Me like Itself.
68. Love holds no grievances.

I would see You as My friend,
that I may remember You are part of Me,
and come to know Myself.

Love holds no grievances.
When I let All My grievances go,
I will know I am perfectly safe.

Love holds no grievances.
Let Me not betray My Self.

Love holds no grievances.
I would wake to My Self
by laying All My grievances aside
and wakening in Him.

69. My grievances hide the Light of the world in Me.

My grievances hide the Light of the world in Me.
I cannot see what I have hidden.
Yet I want to let it be revealed to Me
for My Salvation and the Salvation of the world.

If I hold this grievance,
the Light of the world will be hidden from Me.

70. My Salvation [Erlösung] comes from Me.
71. Only God’s plan for Salvation [Erlösungsplan] will work.
72. Holding grievances is an attack on God’s plan for Salvation [Erlösungsplan].
73. I will there be Light.
74. There is no will but God’s.

There is no will but God’s.
I cannot be in conflict.

I am at Peace.

Nothing can disturb Me. My will is God’s.

My will and God’s are One.

God wills Peace for His Son.

There is no will but God’s.
These conflict thoughts are meaningless.

There is no will but God’s.
I share it with Him.
My conflicts about _____ cannot be real.

There is no will but Godʹs.
I seek His Peace today.

75. The Light has come.
76. I am under no laws but God’s
77. I am entitled to Miracles.
78. Let Miracles replace All grievances.
79. Let Me recognize the problem so it can be solved.
80. Let Me recognize My problems have been solved.

Review 2

81. Our ideas for review today are:
82. We will review these ideas today:
83. Today let Us review these ideas:
84. These are the ideas for today’s review:
85. Today’s review will cover these ideas:
86. These ideas are for review today:
87. Our review today will cover these ideas:
88. Today We will review these ideas:
89. These are Our review ideas for today:
90. For this review We will use these ideas:
91. Miracles are seen in Light.
92. Miracles are seen in Light, and Light and Strength are One.
93. Light and Joy and Peace abide in Me.
94. I am as God created Me.
95. I am One Self, united with My Creator.

I am One Self, united with My Creator,
At One with every aspect of creation,
And limitless in power and in Peace.

I am One Self.

You are One Self with Me,
United with Our Creator in this Self.
I honor You because of what I am,
And what He is, Who loves Us Both as One.

96. Salvation [Erlösung] comes from My One Self.
97. I am Spirit.
98. I will accept My part in God’s plan for Salvation [Erlösungsplan].
99. Salvation is My only function here.

Salvation is My only function here.
God still is Love, and this is not His Will.

Salvation is My only function here.
Salvation and forgiveness are the same.

Salvation is My only function here.
God still is Love, and this is not His Will.

Salvation is My only function here.

100. My part is essential to God’s plan for Salvation [Erlösungsplan].
101. God’s will for Me is perfect happiness.
102. I share God’s Will for happiness for Me.
103. God, being Love, is also happiness.

God, being Love, is also happiness.
To fear Him is to be afraid of Joy.

God, being Love, is also happiness.
And it is happiness I seek today.
I cannot fail, because I seek the Truth.

104. I seek but what belongs to Me in Truth.
105. God’s Peace and Joy are Mine.
106. Let Me be still and listen to the Truth.
107. Truth will correct the errors in My Mind.
108. To give and to receive are One in Truth.
109. I rest in God.
110. I am as God created Me.

Review 3

111. For morning and evening review:
112. For morning and evening review:
113. For morning and evening review:
114. For morning and evening review:
115. For morning and evening review:
116. For morning and evening review:
117. For morning and evening review:
118. For morning and evening review:
119. For morning and evening review:
120. For morning and evening review:
121. Forgiveness is the key to happiness.
122. Forgiveness offers Everything I want.
123. I thank My Father for His gifts to Me.
124. Let Me remember I am One with God.
125. In quiet I receive God’s Word today.
126. All that I give is given to Myself.
127. There is no Love but God’s.
128. The world I see has nothing that I want.
129. Beyond this world there is a world I want.
130. It is impossible to see two worlds.
131. Noone can fail Who asks to reach the Truth.
132. I loose the world from All I thought it was.
133. I will not value what is valueless.
134. Let Me perceive forgiveness as it is.
135. If I defend Myself I am attacked.
136. Sickness is a defense against the Truth.
137. When I am healed, I am not healed alone.
138. Heaven is the decision I must make.
139. I will accept Atonement for Myself.
140. Only Salvation [Erlösung] can be said to cure.

Review 4

141. My Mind holds only what I think with God.
142. My Mind holds only what I think with God.
143. My Mind holds only what I think with God.
144. My Mind holds only what I think with God.
145. My Mind holds only what I think with God.
146. My Mind holds only what I think with God.
147. My Mind holds only what I think with God.
148. My Mind holds only what I think with God.
149. My Mind holds only what I think with God.
150. My Mind holds only what I think with God.
151. All things are echoes of the Voice of God.
152. The power of decision is My own.
153. In My defenselessness My safety lies.
154. I am among the ministers of God.
155. I will step back and let Him lead the way.
156. I walk with God in perfect Holiness.
157. Into His Presence would I enter now.
158. Today I learn to give as I receive.
159. I give the Miracles I have received.
160. I am at home. Fear is the Stranger here.
161. Give Me Your Blessing, Holy Son of God.
162. I am as God created Me.
163. There is no death. The Son of God is free.
164. Now are We One with Him Who is Our Source.
165. Let not My Mind deny the Thought of God.
166. I am entrusted with the gifts of God.
167. There is One Life, and that I share with God.
168. Your grace is given Me. I claim it now.
169. By grace I live. By grace I am released.
170. There is no cruelty in God and none in Me.

Review 5

171. God is but Love, and therefore so am I.
172. God is but Love, and therefore so am I.
173. God is but Love, and therefore so am I.
174. God is but Love, and therefore so am I.
175. God is but Love, and therefore so am I.
176. God is but Love, and therefore so am I.
177. God is but Love, and therefore so am I.
178. God is but Love, and therefore so am I.
179. God is but Love, and therefore so am I.
180. God is but Love, and therefore so am I.
181. I trust My Brothers, Who are One with Me.
182. I call upon God’s Name and on My own.
183. I will be still a moment and go home.
184. The Name of God is My inheritance.
185. I want the Peace of God.
186. Salvation [Erlösung] of the world depends on Me.
187. I bless the world because I bless Myself.
188. The Peace of God is shining in Me now.
189. I feel the Love of God within Me now.
190. I choose the Joy of God instead of pain.
191. I am the Holy Son of God Himself
192. I have a function God would have Me fill.
193. All things areLessons God would have Me learn.
194. I place the future in the hands of God.
195. Love is the way I walk in gratitude.
196. It can be but Myself I crucify.
197. It can be but My gratitude I earn.
198. Only My condemnation injures Me.
199. I am not a body. I am free.
200. There is no Peace except the Peace of God.

Review 6

201. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
202. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
203. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
204. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
205. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
206. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
207. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
208. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
209. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
210. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
211. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
212. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
213. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
214. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
215. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
216. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
217. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
218. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
219. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.
220. I am not a body. I am free. For I am still as God created Me.

Part 2

What is forgiveness?

221. Peace to My Mind. Let All My thoughts be still.
222. God is with Me. I live and breathe in Him.
223. God is My Life. I have no Life but His.
224. God is My Father, and He loves His Son.
225. God is My Father, and His Son loves Him.
226. My home awaits Me. I will hasten there.
227. This is My Holy instant of release.
228. God has condemned Me not. No more do I.
229. Love, Which created Me, is what I am.
230. Now will I seek and find the Peace of God.

What is Salvation?

231. Father, I will but to remember You.
232. Be in My Mind, My Father, through the day.
233. I give My Life to God to run today.
234. Father, today I am Your Son again.
235. God in His mercy wills that I be saved.
236. I rule My Mind, which I alone must rule.
237. Now would I be as God created Me.
238. On My decision All Salvation [Erlösung] rests.
239. The glory of My Father is My own.
240. Fear is not justified in any form.

What is the world?

241. This Holy instant is Salvation [Erlösung] come.
242. This day is God’s. It is My gift to Him.
243. Today I will judge nothing that occurs.
244. I am in danger nowhere in the world.
245. Your Peace is with Me, Father. I am safe.
246. To Love My Father is to Love His Son.
247. Without forgiveness I will still be blind.
248. Whatever suffers is not part of Me.
249. Forgiveness ends All suffering and loss.
250. Let Me not see Myself as limited.

What is Sin?

251. I am in need of nothing but the Truth.
252. The Son of God is My Identity.
253. My Self is ruler of the Universe.
254. Let every voice but God’s be still in Me.
255. This day I choose to spend in perfect Peace.
256. God is the only goal I have today.
257. Let Me remember what My purpose is.
258. Let Me remember that My goal is God.
259. Let Me remember that there is no sin.
260. Let Me remember God created Me.

What is the Body?

261. God is My refuge and security.
262. Let Me perceive no differences today.
263. My Holy Vision sees All things as pure.
264. I am surrounded by the Love of God.
265. Creation’s gentleness is All I see.
266. My Holy Self abides in You, God’s Son.
267. My Heart is beating in the Peace of God.
268. Let All things be exactly as they are.
269. My sight goes forth to look upon Christ’s face.
270. I will not use the body’s eyes today.

What is the Christ?

271. Christ’s is the Vision I will use today.
272. How can illusions satisfy God’s Son?
273. The stillness of the Peace of God is Mine.
274. Today belongs to Love. Let Me not fear.
275. God’s healing Voice protects All things today.
276. The Word of God is given Me to speak.
277. Let Me not bind Your Son with laws I made.
278. If I am bound, My Father is not free.
279. Creation’s freedom promises My own.
280. What limits can I lay upon God’s Son?

What is the Holy Spirit?

281. I can be hurt by nothing but My thoughts.
282. I will not be afraid of Love today.
283. My True Identity abides in You.
284. I can elect to change All thoughts that hurt.
285. My Holiness shines bright and clear today.
286. The hush of Heaven holds My Heart today.
287. You are My goal, My Father. Only You.
288. Let Me forget My Brother’s past today.
289. The past is over. It can touch Me not.
290. My present happiness is All I see.

What is the real World?

291. This is a day of stillness and of Peace.
292. A happy outcome to All things is sure.
293. All fear is past and only Love is here.
294. My body is a wholly neutral thing.
295. The Holy Spirit looks through Me today.
296. The Holy Spirit speaks through Me today.
297. Forgiveness is the only gift I give.
298. I Love You, Father, and I Love Your Son.
299. Eternal Holiness abides in Me.
300. Only an instant does this world endure.

What is the Second Coming?

301. And God Himself shall wipe away All tears.
302. Where darkness was I look upon the Light.
303. The Holy Christ is born in Me today.
304. Let not My world obscure the sight of Christ.
305. There is a Peace that Christ bestows on Us.
306. The gift of Christ is All I seek today.
307. Conflicting wishes cannot be My will.
308. This instant is the only time there is.
309. I will not fear to look within today.
310. In fearlessness and Love I spend today.

What is the Last Judgment?

311. I judge All things as I would have them be.
312. I see All things as I would have them be.
313. Now let a new perception come to Me.
314. I seek a future different from the past.
315. All gifts My Brothers give belong to Me.
316. All gifts I give My Brothers are My own.
317. I follow in the way appointed Me.
318. In Me Salvation’s [Erlösung] means and end are One.
319. I came for the Salvation [Erlösung] of the world.
320. My Father gives All power unto Me.

What is Creation?

321. Father, My freedom is in You alone.
322. I can give up but what was never real.
323. I gladly make the “sacrifice” of fear.
324. I merely follow, for I would not lead.
325. All things I think I see reflect ideas.
326. I am forever an Effect of God.
327. I need but call and You will answer Me.
328. I choose the second place to gain the first.
329. I have already chosen what You will.
330. I will not hurt Myself again today.

What is the ego?

331. There is no conflict, for My will is Yours.
332. Fear binds the world. Forgiveness sets it free.
333. Forgiveness ends the dream of conflict here.
334. Today I claim the gifts forgiveness gives.
335. I choose to see My Brother’s sinlessness.
336. Forgiveness lets Me know that Minds are joined.
337. My sinlessness protects Me from All harm.
338. I am affected only by My thoughts.
339. I will receive whatever I request.
340. I can be free of suffering today.

What is a Miracle?

341. I can attack but My own sinlessness,
342. I let forgiveness rest upon All things,
343. I am not asked to make a sacrifice
344. Today I learn the law of Love:
345. I offer only Miracles today,
346. Today the Peace of God envelops Me,
347. Anger must come from judgment.
348. I have no cause for anger or for fear,
349. Today I let Christ’s Vision look upon
350. Miracles mirror God’s eternal Love.

What am I?

351. My sinless Brother is My guide to Peace.
352. Judgment and Love are opposites. From One Come All the sorrows of the world. But from The other comes the Peace of God Himself.
353. My eyes, My tongue, My hands, My feet today
354. We stand together, Christ and I, in Peace
355. There is no end to All the Peace and Joy
356. Sickness is but another Name for sin.
357. Truth answers every call We make to
358. No call to God can be unheard or left
359. God’s answer is some form of Peace.
360. Peace be to Me, the Holy Son of God.

FinalLessons

361 - 365. This Holy instant would I give to You. Be You in charge. For I would follow You, Certain that Your direction gives Me Peace.

Epilogue

Manual

The role of teaching and learning is actually reversed in the thinking of the world. The reversal is characteristic. It seems as if the teacher and the learner are separated, the teacher giving something to the learner rather than to Himself. Further, the act of teaching is regarded as a special activity in which One engages only a relatively small proportion of One’s time. The Course, on the other hand, emphasizes that to teach is to learn, so that teacher and learner are the Same. It also emphasizes that teaching is a constant process: It goes on every moment of the day and continues into sleeping thoughts as well.

To teach is to demonstrate. There are only two thought systems, and You demonstrate that You believe one or the other is True All the time. From Your demonstration Others learn and so do You. The question is not whether You will teach, for in that there is no choice. The purpose of the Course might be said to provide You with a means of choosing what You want to teach on the basis of what You want to learn. You cannot give to Someone else, and this You learn through teaching. Teaching is but a call to witnesses to attest to what You believe. It is a method of conversion. This is not done by words alone. Any situation must be to You a chance to teach Others what You are and what They are to You. No more than that, but also never less.

The curriculum that You set up is therefore determined exclusively by what You think You are, and what You believe the relationship of Others is to You. In the formal teaching situation, these questions may be totally unrelated to what You think You are teaching. Yet it is impossible not to use the content of any situation on behalf of what You really teach and therefore learn. To this the verbal content of Your teaching is quite irrelevant. It may coincide with it or it may not. It is the teaching underlying what You say that teaches You. Teaching but reinforces what You believe about Yourself. Its fundamental purpose is to diminish selfdoubt. This does not mean that the Self You are trying to protect is real. But it does mean that the Self You think is real is what You teach.

This is inevitable. There is no escape from it. How could it be otherwise? Everyone Who follows the world’s curriculum, and Everyone here does follow it until He changes His Mind, teaches solely to convince Himself that He is what He is not. Herein is the purpose of the world. What else, then, would its curriculum be? Into this hopeless and closed learning situation, which teaches nothing but despair and death, God sends His teachers. And as They teach His lessons of Joy and hope, Their learning finally becomes complete.

Except for God’s teachers there would be no hope of Salvation, for the world of sin would be forever “real”. The Selfdeceiving must deceive, for They must teach deception. And what else is hell? This is a Manual for the teachers of God. They are not perfect or They would not be here. Yet it is Their mission to become perfect here, and so They teach perfection over and over, in many, many ways, until They have learned it. And then They are seen no more, although Their thoughts remain a Source of Strength and Truth forever. Who are They? How are They chosen? What do They do? How can They work out Their own Salvation and the Salvation of the world? This Manual attempts to answer these questions.

1. Who Are God’s Teachers?

A teacher of God is Anyone Who chooses to be One. His qualifications consist solely in this: Somehow, somewhere He has made a deliberate choice in which He did not see His interests as apart from Someone else’s. Once He has done that His road is established and His direction is sure. A Light has entered the darkness. It may be a single Light, but that is enough. He has entered an agreement with God, even if He does not yet believe in Him. He has become a Bringer of Salvation. He has become a teacher of God.

They come from All over the world. They come from All religions and from no religion. They are the Ones Who have answered. The Call is Universal. It goes on All the time Everywhere. It calls for teachers to speak for It and redeem the world. Many hear It but Few will answer. But it is All a matter of time. Everyone will answer in the end, but the end can be a long, long way off. It is because of this that the plan of the teachers was established. Their function is to save time. Each One begins as a single Light, but with the Call at its center it is a Light that cannot be limited. And Each One saves a thousand years of time as the world judges it. To the Call Itself time has no meaning.

There is a course for every teacher of God. The form of the course varies greatly. So do the particular teaching aids involved. But the content of the course never changes. Its central theme is always:

God’s Son is guiltless, and in His Innocence is His Salvation.

It can be taught by actions or thoughts; in words or soundlessly; in any language or in no language; in any place or time or manner. It does not matter Who the teacher was before He heard the Call. He has become a Savior by His answering. He has seen Someone else as Himself. He has therefore found His own Salvation and the Salvation of the world. In His rebirth is the world reborn.

This is a Manual for a special curriculum, intended for teachers of a special form of the Universal Course. There are many thousands of other forms, All with the same outcome. They merely save time. Yet it is time alone that winds on wearily, and the world is very tired now. It is old and worn and without hope. There was never a question of outcome, for what can change the Will of God? But time, with its illusions of change and death, wears out the world and All things in it. Yet time has an ending, and it is this that the teachers of God are appointed to bring about. For time is in Their hands. Such was Their choice, and it is given Them.

2. Who Are Their Pupils?

Certain pupils have been assigned to Each of God’s teachers, and They will begin to look for Him as soon as He has answered the Call. They were chosen for Him because the form of the Universal curriculum that He will teach is best for Them in view of Their level of understanding. His pupils have actually been waiting for Him, for His coming is certain. Again, it is only a matter of time. Once He has chosen to fulfill His role, They are ready to fulfill Theirs. Time waits on His choice, but not Whom He will serve. When He is ready to learn, the opportunities to teach will be provided for Him.

In order to understand the teachinglearning plan of Salvation, it is necessary to grasp the concept of time which the Course sets forth. Atonement corrects illusions, not Truth. Therefore, It corrects what never was. Further, the plan for this correction was established and completed simultaneously, for the Will of God is entirely apart from time. So is All Reality, being of Him. The instant the idea of separation entered the Mind of God’s Son, in that same instant was God’s Answer given. In time this happened very long ago. In Reality it never happened at all.

The world of time is the world of illusion. What happened long ago seems to be happening now. Choices made long since appear to be open; yet to be made. What has been learned and understood and long ago passed by is looked upon as a new thought, a fresh idea, a different approach. Because Your will is free You can accept what has already happened at any time You choose, and only then will You realize that it was always there. As the Course emphasizes, You are not free to choose the curriculum or even the form in which You will learn it. You are free, however, to decide when You want to learn it. And as You accept it, it is already learned.

Time really, then, goes backward to an instant so ancient that it is beyond All memory and past even the possibility of remembering. Yet because it is an instant that is relived again and again and still again, it seems to be now. And thus it is that pupil and teacher seem to come together in the Present, finding Each Other as if They had not met before. The pupil comes at the right time to the right place. This is inevitable, because He made the right choice in that ancient instant which He now relives. So has the teacher, too, made an inevitable choice out of an ancient past. God’s Will in Everything but seems to take time in the workingout. What could delay the power of Eternity?

When pupil and teacher come together, a teachinglearning situation begins. For the teacher is not really the One Who does the teaching. God’s Teacher speaks to any Two Who join together for learning purposes. The relationship is Holy because of that purpose, and God has promised to send His Spirit into any Holy relationship. In the teachinglearning situation, Each One learns that giving and receiving are the same. The demarcations They have drawn between Their roles, Their Minds, Their bodies, Their needs, Their interests, and All the differences They thought separated Them from One Another, fade and grow dim and disappear. Those Who would learn the same Course share one interest and one goal. And thus He Who was the learner becomes a teacher of God Himself, for He has made the one decision that gave His teacher to Him. He has seen in another Person the same interests as His own.

3. What Are the Levels of Teaching?

The teachers of God have no set teaching level. Each teachinglearning situation involves a different relationship at the beginning, although the ultimate goal is always the same: To make of the relationship a Holy relationship, in which Both can look upon the Son of God as sinless. There is no One from Whom a teacher of God cannot learn, so there is no One Whom He cannot teach. However, from a practical point of view He cannot meet Everyone, nor can Everyone find Him. Therefore, the plan includes very specific contacts to be made for each teacher of God. There are no accidents in Salvation. Those Who are to meet will meet, because together They have the potential for a Holy relationship. They are ready for Each Other.

The simplest level of teaching appears to be quite superficial. It consists of what seem to be very casual encounters: A chance meeting of two apparent Strangers in an elevator, a child Who is not looking where He is going running into an adult “by accident,“ two students Who happen to walk home together. These are not chance encounters. Each of them has a potential for becoming a teachinglearning situation. Perhaps the seeming Strangers in the elevator will smile to One Another; perhaps the Man will not scold the child for bumping into Him; perhaps the students will become friends. Even at the level of the most casual encounter, it is possible for two People to lose sight of separate interests, if only for a moment. That moment will be enough. Salvation has come.

It is difficult to understand that levels of teaching the Universal Course is a concept as meaningless in Reality as is time. The illusion of one permits the illusion of the other. In time, the teacher of God seems to begin to change His Mind about the world with a single decision, and then learns more and more about the new direction as He teaches it. We have covered the illusion of time already, but the illusion of levels of teaching seems to be something different. Perhaps the best way to demonstrate that these levels cannot exist is simply to say that any level of the teachinglearning situation is part of God’s plan for Atonement, and His plan can have no levels, being a reflection of His Will. Salvation is always ready and always there. God’s teachers work at different levels, but the result is always the same.

Each teachinglearning situation is maximal in the sense that each Person involved will learn the most that He can from the other Person at that time. In this sense, and in this sense only, We can speak of levels of teaching. Using the term in this way, the second level of teaching is a more sustained relationship, in which, for a time, two People enter into a fairly intense teachinglearning situation and then appear to separate. As with the first level, these meetings are not accidental, nor is what appears to be the end of the relationship a real end. Again, Each has learned the most He can at the time. Yet All Who meet will someday meet again, for it is the destiny of All relationships to become Holy. God is not mistaken in His Son.

The third level of teaching occurs in relationships which, once they are formed, are lifelong. These are teachinglearning situations in which each Person is given a chosen learning Partner Who presents Him with unlimited opportunities for learning. These relationships are generally few, because their existence implies that Those involved have reached a stage simultaneously in which the teachinglearning balance is actually perfect. This does not mean that They necessarily recognize this; in fact, They generally do not. They may even be quite hostile to Each Other for some time, and perhaps for Life. Yet should They decide to learn It, the perfect lesson is before Them and can be learned. And if They decide to learn that lesson, They become the Saviors of the teachers Who falter and may even seem to fail. No teacher of God can fail to find the Help He needs.

4. What are the Characteristics of God’s Teachers?

The surface traits of God’s teachers are not at all alike. They do not look alike to the body’s eyes, They come from vastly different backgrounds, Their experiences of the world vary greatly, and Their superficial “personalities” are quite distinct. Nor at the beginning stages of Their functioning as teachers of God, have They yet acquired the deeper characteristics that will establish Them as What They are. God gives special gifts to His teachers because They have a special role in His plan for Atonement. Their specialness is, of course, only temporary; set in time as a means of leading out of time. These special gifts, born in the Holy relationship toward which the teachinglearning situation is geared, become characteristic of All teachers of God Who have advanced in Their own learning. In this respect They are All alike.

All differences among the Sons of God are temporary. Nevertheless, in time it can be said that the advanced teachers of God have the following characteristics:

a. Trust

This is the foundation on which Their ability to fulfill Their function rests. Perception is the result of learning. In fact, perception is learning, because cause and effect are never separated. The teachers of God have trust in the world, because They have learned it is not governed by the laws the world made up. It is governed by a Power which is in Them but not of Them. It is this Power that keeps All things safe. It is through this Power that the teachers of God look on a forgiven world.

When this Power has once been experienced, it is impossible to trust One’s own petty Strength again. Who would attempt to fly with the tiny wings of a sparrow when the mighty power of an eagle has been given Him? And Who would place His faith in the shabby offerings of the ego when the gifts of God are laid before Him? What is it that induces Them to make the shift?

First, They must go through what might be called a “period of undoing.” This need not be painful, but it usually is so experienced. It seems as if things are being taken away, and it is rarely understood initially that their lack of value is merely being recognized. How can lack of value be perceived unless the perceiver is in a position where He must see things in a different Light? He is not yet at a point at which He can make the shift entirely internally. And so the plan will sometimes call for changes in what seem to be external circumstances. These changes are always helpful. When the teacher of God has learned that much, He goes on to the second stage.

Next, the teacher of God must go through a “period of sorting out.” This is always somewhat difficult because, having learned that the changes in His Life are always helpful, He must now decide All things on the basis of whether they increase the helpfulness or hamper it. He will find that many, if not most of the things He valued before will merely hinder His ability to transfer what He has learned to new situations as they arise. Because He has valued what is really valueless, He will not generalize the lesson for fear of loss and sacrifice. It takes great learning to understand that All things, events, encounters and circumstances are helpful. It is only to the extent to which they are helpful that any degree of Reality should be accorded them in this world of illusion. The word “value” can apply to nothing else.

The third stage through which the teacher of God must go can be called a “period of relinquishment.” If this is interpreted as giving up the desirable it will engender enormous conflict. Few teachers of God escape this distress entirely. There is, however, no point in sorting out the valuable from the valueless unless the next obvious step is taken. The third step is rarely if ever begun until the second is complete. Therefore, the period of overlap is apt to be one in which the teacher of God feels called upon to sacrifice His own best interests on behalf of Truth. He has not realized as yet how wholly impossible such a demand would be. He can learn this only as He actually does give up the valueless. Through this, He learns that where He anticipated grief, He finds a happy lightheartedness instead; where He thought something was asked of Him, He finds a gift bestowed on Him.

Now comes a “period of settling down.” This is a quiet time, in which the teacher of God rests a while in reasonable Peace. Now He consolidates His learning. Now He begins to see the transfer value of what He has learned. Its potential is literally staggering, and the teacher of God is now at the point in His progress at which He sees in it His whole way out. Give up what You do not want, and keep what You do. How simple is the obvious. And how easy to do. The teacher of God needs this period of respite. He has not yet come as far as He thinks. Yet when He is ready to go on, He goes with mighty Companions beside Him. Now He rests a while, and gathers Them before going on. He will not go on from here alone.

The next stage is indeed a “period of unsettling.” Now must the teacher of God understand that He did not really know what was valuable and what was valueless. All that He really learned so far was that He did not want the valueless and that He did want the valuable. Yet His own sorting out was meaningless in teaching Him the difference. The idea of sacrifice, so central to His own thought system, had made it impossible for Him to judge. He thought He had learned willingness, but now He sees that He does not know what the willingness is for. And now He must attain a state that may remain impossible for a long, long time. He must learn to lay All judgment aside and ask only what He really wants in every circumstance. Were not each step in this direction so heavily reinforced, it would be hard indeed.

And finally, there is a “period of achievement.” It is here that learning is consolidated. Now what was seen as merely shadows before becomes solid gains, to be counted on in All “emergencies” as well as tranquil times. Indeed, the tranquility is their result; the outcome of honest learning, consistency of thought and full transfer. This is the stage of real Peace, for here is Heaven’s state fully reflected. From here, the way to Heaven is open and easy. In fact, it is here. Who would “go” anywhere, if Peace of Mind is already complete? And Who would seek to change tranquility for something more desirable? What could be more desirable than this?

b. Honesty

All other traits of God’s teachers rest on trust. Once that has been achieved the others cannot fail to follow. Only the Trusting can afford honesty, for only They can see its value. Honesty does not apply only to what You say. The term actually means consistency. There is nothing You say that contradicts what You think or do; no thought opposes any other thought; no act belies Your word; and no word lacks agreement with another. Such are the Truly Honest. At no level are They in conflict with Themselves. Therefore it is impossible for Them to be in conflict with Anyone or Anything.

The Peace of Mind which the advanced teachers of God experience is largely due to Their perfect honesty. It is only the wish to deceive that makes for war. No One at One with Himself can even conceive of conflict. Conflict is the inevitable result of selfdeception, and selfdeception is dishonesty. There is no challenge to a teacher of God. Challenge implies doubt, and the trust on which God’s teachers rest secure makes doubt impossible. Therefore They can only succeed. In this as in All things They are honest. They can only succeed, because They never do Their will alone. They choose for All mankind; for All the world and All things in it; for the unchanging and unchangeable beyond appearances; and for the Son of God and His Creator. How could They not succeed? They choose in perfect honesty, sure of Their choice of Themselves.

c. Tolerance

God’s teachers do not judge. To judge is to be dishonest, for to judge is to assume a position You do not have. Judgment without selfdeception is impossible. Judgment implies that You have been deceived in Your Brothers. How then could You not have been deceived in Yourself? Judgment implies a lack of trust, and trust remains the bedrock of the teacher of God’s whole thought system. Let this be lost and All His learning goes. Without judgment are All things equally acceptable, for Who could judge otherwise? Without judgment are All Men Brothers, for Who is there Who stands apart? Judgment destroys honesty and shatters trust. No teacher of God can judge and hope to learn.

d. Gentleness

Harm is impossible for God’s teachers. They can neither harm nor be harmed. Harm is the outcome of judgment. It is the dishonest act that follows a dishonest thought. It is a verdict of guilt upon a Brother and therefore on Oneself. It is the end of Peace and the denial of learning. It demonstrates the absence of God’s curriculum and its replacement by insanity. No teacher of God but must learn, and fairly early in His training, that harmfulness completely obliterates His function from His awareness. It will make Him confused, fearful, angry and suspicious. It will make the Holy Spirit’s lessons impossible to learn. Nor can God’s Teacher be heard at all except by Those Who realize that harm can actually achieve nothing. No gain can come from it.

Therefore God’s teachers are wholly gentle. They need the Strength of gentleness, for it is in this that the function of Salvation becomes easy. To Those Who would do harm it is impossible. To Those to Whom harm has no meaning it is merely natural. What choice but this has meaning to the sane? Who chooses hell when He perceives a way to Heaven? And Who would choose the weakness that must come from harm in place of the unfailing, allencompassing and limitless Strength of gentleness? The Might of God’s teachers lies in Their gentleness, for They have understood Their evil thoughts came neither from God’s Son nor His Creator. Thus did They join Their thoughts with Him Who is Their Source. And so Their will, which always was His Own, is free to be Itself.

e. Joy

Joy is the inevitable result of gentleness. Gentleness means that fear is now impossible, and what could come to interfere with Joy? The open hands of gentleness are always filled. The gentle have no pain. They cannot suffer. Why would They not be joyous? They are sure They are beloved and must be safe. Joy goes with gentleness as surely as grief attends attack. God’s teachers trust in Him. And They are sure His Teacher goes before Them, making sure no harm can come to Them. They hold His gifts and follow in His way, because God’s Voice directs Them in All things. Joy is Their song of thanks. And Christ looks down on Them in thanks as well. His need of Them is just as great as Theirs of Him. How joyous it is to share the purpose of Salvation.

f. Defenselessness

God’s teachers have learned how to be simple. They have no dreams that need defense against the Truth. They do not try to make Themselves. Their Joy comes from Their understanding Who created Them. And does What God created need defense? No One can become an advanced teacher of God until He fully understands that defenses are but the foolish guardians of mad illusions. The more grotesque the dream, the fiercer and more powerful its defenses seem to be. Yet when the teacher of God finally agrees to look past them, He finds nothing was there. Slowly at first He lets Himself be undeceived. But He learns faster as His trust increases. It is not danger that comes when defenses are laid down. It is safety. It is Peace. It is Joy. And it is God.

g. Generosity

The term generosity has special meaning to the teacher of God. It is not the usual meaning of the word; in fact, it is a meaning that must be learned and learned very carefully. Like All the other attributes of God’s teachers this one rests ultimately on trust, for without trust no One can be generous in the True sense. To the world, generosity means “giving away” in the sense of “giving up.” To the teachers of God, it means “giving away” in order to keep. This has been emphasized throughout the Text and the Workbook, but it is perhaps more alien to the thinking of the world than many other ideas in Our curriculum. Its greater strangeness lies merely in the obviousness of its reversal of the world’s thinking. In the clearest way possible and at the simplest of levels, the word means the exact opposite to the teachers of God and to the world.

The teacher of God is generous out of Selfinterest. This does not refer, however, to the Self the world speaks of. The teacher of God does not want Anything He cannot give away, because He realizes it would be valueless to Him by definition. What would He want it for? He could only lose because of it. He could not gain. Therefore He does not seek what only He could keep, because that is a guarantee of loss. He does not want to suffer. Why should He ensure Himself pain? But He does want to keep for Himself All things that are of God, and therefore for His Son. These are the things that belong to Him. These He can give away in True generosity, protecting them forever for Himself.

h. Patience

Those Who are certain of the outcome can afford to wait, and wait without anxiety. Patience is natural to the teacher of God. All He sees is certain outcome, at a time perhaps unknown as yet, but not in doubt. The time will be as right as is the answer. And this is True for Everything that happens now or in the future. The past as well held no mistakes; nothing that did not serve to benefit the world as well as Him to Whom it seemed to happen. Perhaps it was not understood at the time. Even so, the teacher of God is willing to reconsider All His past decisions, if they are causing pain to Anyone. Patience is natural to Those Who trust. Sure of the ultimate interpretation of All things in time, no outcome already seen or yet to come can cause Them fear.

i. Faithfulness

The extent of the teacher of God’s faithfulness is the measure of His advancement in the curriculum. Does He still select some aspects of His Life to bring to His learning, while keeping others apart? If so, His advancement is limited and His trust not yet firmly established. Faithfulness is the teacher of God’s trust in the Word of God to set All things right; not some, but All. Generally, His faithfulness begins by resting on just some problems, remaining carefully limited for a time. To give up All problems to One Answer is to reverse the thinking of the world entirely. And that alone is faithfulness. Nothing but that really deserves the Name. Yet each degree, however small, is worth achieving. Readiness, as the Text notes, is not mastery.

True faithfulness, however, does not deviate. Being consistent it is wholly honest. Being unswerving it is full of trust. Being based on fearlessness it is gentle. Being certain it is joyous, and being confident it is tolerant. Defenselessness attends it naturally, and Joy is its condition. Faithfulness, then, combines in itself the other attributes of God’s teachers. It implies acceptance of the Word of God and His definition of His Son. It is to Them that faithfulness in the True sense is always directed. Toward Them it looks, seeking until it finds. And having found, it rests in quiet certainty on That alone to which All faithfulness is due.

j. Openmindedness

The centrality of openmindedness, perhaps the last of the attributes the teacher of God acquires, is easily understood when its relation to forgiveness is recognized. Openmindedness comes with lack of judgment. As judgment shuts the Mind against God’s Teacher, so openmindedness invites Him to come in. As condemnation judges the Son of God as evil, so openmindedness permits Him to be judged by the Voice for God on His behalf. As the projection of guilt upon Him would send Him to hell, so openmindedness lets Christ’s image be projected on Him. Only the Openminded can be at Peace, for They alone see reason for it.

How do the Openminded forgive? They have let go All things that would prevent forgiveness. They have in Truth abandoned the world, and let it be restored to Them in newness and in Joy so glorious They never could have conceived of such a change. Nothing is now as it was formerly. Nothing but sparkles now which seemed so dull and lifeless before. And above All are All things welcoming, for threat has gone. No clouds remain to hide the Face of Christ. Now is the goal achieved. Forgiveness is the final goal of the curriculum. It paves the way for what goes far beyond All learning. The curriculum makes no effort to exceed its legitimate goal. Forgiveness is its single aim, at which All learning ultimately converges. It is indeed enough.

You may have noticed that the list of attributes of God’s teachers does not include those things which are the Son of God’s inheritance. Terms like Love, sinlessness, perfection, knowledge, and eternal Truth do not appear in this context. They would be most inappropriate here. What God has given is so far beyond Our curriculum that learning but disappears in Its presence. Yet while Its presence is obscured, the focus properly belongs on the curriculum. It is the function of God’s teachers to bring True learning to the world. Properly speaking, it is unlearning that They bring, for that is “True learning” in the world. It is given to the teachers of God to bring the glad tidings of complete forgiveness to the world. Blessed indeed are They, for They are the Bringers of Salvation.

5. How Is Healing Accomplished?

Healing involves an understanding of what the illusion of sickness is for. Healing is impossible without this.

a. The Perceived Purpose of Sickness

Healing is accomplished the instant the sufferer no longer sees any value in pain. Who would choose suffering unless He thought it brought Him something, and something of value to Him? He must think it is a small price to pay for something of greater worth. For sickness is an election; a decision. It is the choice of weakness, in the mistaken conviction that it is Strength. When this occurs, real Strength is seen as threat and health as danger. Sickness is a method, conceived in madness, for placing God’s Son on His Father’s throne. God is seen as outside, fierce and powerful, eager to keep All power for Himself. Only by His death can He be conquered by His Son.

And what, in this insane conviction, does healing stand for? It symbolizes the defeat of God’s Son and the triumph of His Father over Him. It represents the ultimate defiance in a direct form which the Son of God is forced to recognize. It stands for All that He would hide from Himself to protect His Life. If He is healed, He is responsible for His thoughts. And if He is responsible for His thoughts He will be killed, to prove to Him how weak and pitiful He is. But if He chooses death Himself, His weakness is His Strength. Now has He given Himself what God would give to Him, and thus entirely usurped the throne of His Creator.

b. The Shift in Perception

Healing must occur in exact proportion in which the valuelessness of sickness is recognized. One need but say, “There is no gain at All to Me in this,” and He is healed. But to say this One must first recognize certain facts: First, it is obvious that decisions are of the Mind, not of the body. If sickness is but a faulty problemsolving approach, it is a decision. And if it is a decision, it is the Mind and not the body that makes it. The resistance to recognizing this is enormous, because the existence of the world as We perceive it depends on the body being the decisionmaker. Terms like “instincts,” “reflexes” and the like represent attempts to endow the body with nonmental motivators. Actually, such terms merely state or describe the problem. They do not answer it.

The acceptance of sickness as a decision of the Mind, for a purpose for which It would use the body, is the basis of healing. And this is so for healing in All forms. A patient decides that this is so, and He recovers. If He decides against recovery He will not be healed. Who is the physician? Only the Mind of the patient Himself. The outcome is what He decides that it is. Special agents seem to be ministering to Him, yet They but give form to His own choice. He chooses Them to bring tangible form to His desires. And it is this They do, and nothing else. They are not actually needed at all. The patient could merely rise up without Their aid and say, “I have no use for this.” There is no form of sickness that would not be cured at once.

What is the single requisite for this shift in perception? It is simply this; the recognition that sickness is of the Mind, and has nothing to do with the body. What does this recognition “cost?” It costs the world We see, for the world will never again appear to rule the Mind. For with this recognition is responsibility placed Where it belongs; not with the world, but on Him Who looks on the world and sees it as it is not. He looks on what He chooses to see. No more and no less. The world does nothing to Him. He only thought it did. Nor does He do Anything to the world, because He was mistaken about what it was. Herein is the release from guilt and sickness both, for they are One. Yet to accept this release, the insignificance of the body must be an acceptable idea.

With this idea is pain forever gone. But with this idea goes also All confusion about creation. Does not this follow of necessity? Place cause and effect in their True sequence in one respect, and the learning will generalize and transform the world. The transfer value of one True idea has no end nor limit. The final outcome of this lesson is the remembrance of God. What do guilt and sickness, pain, disaster and All suffering mean now? Having no purpose, they are gone. And with them also go All the effects they seemed to cause. Cause and effect but replicate creation. Seen in their proper perspective, without distortion and without fear, they reestablish Heaven.

c. The Function of the Teacher of God

If the patient must change His Mind in order to be healed, what does the teacher of God do? Can He change the patient’s Mind for Him? Certainly not. For Those already willing to change Their Mind He has no function except to rejoice with Them, for They have become teachers of God with Him. He has, however, a more specific function for Those Who do not understand what healing is. These patients do not realize They have chosen sickness. On the contrary, They believe that sickness has chosen Them. Nor are They openminded on this point. The body tells Them what to do and They obey. They have no idea how insane this concept is. If They even suspected it They would be healed. Yet They suspect nothing. To Them the separation is quite real.

To Them God’s teachers come to represent another choice which They had forgotten. The simple presence of God’s teachers is a reminder. Their thoughts ask for the right to question what the patient has accepted is True. As God’s messengers, They are the symbols of Salvation. They ask the patient for forgiveness for God’s Son in His own Name. They stand for the Alternative. With God’s Word in Their Minds They come in benediction, not to heal the sick but to remind Them of the remedy God has already given Them. It is not Their hands that heal. It is not Their voice that speaks the Word of God. They merely give what has been given Them. Very gently They call to Their Brothers to turn away from death.

Behold, You Son of God, what Life can offer You.
Would You choose sickness in place of this?

Not once do the advanced teachers of God consider the forms of sickness in which Their Brother believes. To do this is to forget that All of Them have the same purpose and therefore are not really different. They seek for God’s Voice in this Brother Who would so deceive Himself as to believe God’s Son can suffer. And they remind Him that He has not made Himself, and must remain as God created Him. They recognize illusions can have no effect. The Truth in Their Minds reaches out to the Truth in the Minds of Their Brothers, so that illusions are not reinforced. They are thus brought to Truth, and Truth is not brought to them. So are they dispelled, not by the will of Another, but by the union of the One Will with Itself. And this is the function of God’s teachers: To see no will as separate from Their own, nor Theirs as separate from God’s.

6. Is Healing Certain?

Healing is always certain. It is impossible to let illusions be brought to Truth and keep the illusions. Truth demonstrates illusions have no value. The teacher of God has seen the correction of His errors in the Mind of the patient, recognizing It for What It is. Having accepted the Atonement for Himself, He has also accepted It for the patient. Yet what if the patient uses sickness as a way of Life, believing healing is the way to death? When this is so, a sudden healing may precipitate intense depression, and a sense of loss so deep that the patient may even try to destroy Himself. Having nothing to live for, He may ask for death. Healing must wait, for His protection.

Healing will always stand aside where it would be seen as threat. The instant it is Welcome it is there. Where healing has been given it will be received. And what is time before the gifts of God? We have referred many times in the Text to the storehouse of treasures laid up equally for the giver and the receiver of God’s gifts. Not one is lost, for they can but increase. No teacher of God should feel disappointed if He has offered healing and it does not appear to have been received. It is not up to Him to judge when His gift should be accepted. Let Him be certain it has been received, and trust that it will be accepted when it is recognized as a Blessing and not a curse.

It is not the function of God’s teachers to evaluate the outcome of Their gifts. It is merely Their function to give them. Once They have done that, They have also given the outcome, for that is part of the gift. No One can give if He is concerned with the result of giving. That is a limitation on the giving itself, and neither the giver nor the receiver would have the gift. Trust is an essential part of giving; in fact, it is the part that makes sharing possible, the part that guarantees the giver will not lose, but only gain. Who gives a gift, and then remains with it, to be sure it is used as the giver deems appropriate? Such is not giving but imprisoning.

It is the relinquishing of All concern about the gift that makes it Truly given. And it is trust that makes True giving possible. Healing is the change of Mind that the Holy Spirit in the patient’s Mind is seeking for Him. And it is the Holy Spirit in the Mind of the giver Who gives the gift to Him. How can it be lost? How can it be ineffectual? How can it be wasted? God’s treasure house can never be empty. And if one gift were missing it would not be full. Yet is its fullness guaranteed by God. What concern, then, can a teacher of God have about what becomes of His gifts? Given by God to God, Who in this Holy exchange can receive less than Everything?

7. Should Healing Be Repeated?

This question really answers itself. Healing cannot be repeated. If the patient is healed, what remains to heal Him from? And if the healing is certain, as We have already said it is, what is there to repeat? For a teacher of God to remain concerned about the result of healing is to limit the healing. It is now the teacher of God Himself whose Mind needs to be healed. And it is this He must facilitate. He is now the patient, and He must so regard Himself. He has made a mistake, and must be willing to change His Mind about it. He lacked the trust that makes for giving Truly, and so He has not received the benefit of His gift.

Whenever a teacher of God has tried to be a channel for healing He has succeeded. Should He be tempted to doubt this, He should not repeat His previous effort. That was already maximal, because the Holy Spirit so accepted it and so used it. Now the teacher of God has only one Course to follow. He must use His reason to tell Himself that He has given the problem to One Who cannot fail, and recognize that His own uncertainty is not Love but fear, and therefore hate. His position has thus become untenable, for He is offering hate to One to Whom He offered Love. This is impossible. Having offered Love, only Love can be received.

It is in this that the teacher of God must trust. This is what is really meant by the statement that the one responsibility of the Miracle Worker is to accept the Atonement for Himself. The teacher of God is a Miracle Worker because He gives the gifts He has received. Yet He must first accept them. He need do no more, nor is there more that He could do. By accepting healing He can give it. If He doubts this, let Him remember Who gave the gift and Who received it. Thus is His doubt corrected. He thought the gifts of God could be withdrawn. That was a mistake, but hardly one to stay with. And so the teacher of God can only recognize it for what it is, and let it be corrected for Him.

One of the more difficult temptations to recognize is that to doubt a healing because of the appearance of continuing symptoms is a mistake in the form of lack of trust. As such, it is an attack. Usually it seems to be just the opposite. It does appear unreasonable at first to be told that continued concern is attack. It has All the appearance of Love. Yet Love without trust is impossible, and doubt and trust cannot coexist. And hate must be the opposite of Love, regardless of the form it takes. Doubt not the gift, and it is impossible to doubt its result. This is the certainty that gives God’s teachers the power to be Miracle Workers, for They have put Their trust in Him.

The real basis for doubt about the outcome of any problem that has been given to God’s teacher for resolution is always selfdoubt. And that necessarily implies that trust has been placed in an illusory self, for only such a self can be doubted. This illusion can take many forms. Perhaps there is a fear of weakness and vulnerability. Perhaps there is fear of failure and shame associated with a sense of inadequacy. Perhaps there is a guilty embarrassment stemming from false humility. The form of the mistake is not important. What is important is only the recognition of a mistake as a mistake.

The mistake is always some form of concern with the Self to the exclusion of the patient. It is a failure to recognize Him as part of the Self, and thus represents a confusion in identity. Conflict about what You are has entered Your Mind, and You have become deceived about Yourself. And You are deceived about Yourself because You have denied the Source of Your creation. If You are offering only healing, You cannot doubt. If You really want the problem solved, You cannot doubt. If You are certain what the problem is, You cannot doubt. Doubt is the result of conflicting wishes. Be sure of what You want, and doubt becomes impossible.

8. How Can the Perception of Order of Difficulties Be Avoided?

The belief in order of difficulties is the basis for the world’s perception. It rests on differences; on uneven background and shifting foreground, on unequal heights and diverse sizes, on varying degrees of darkness and Light, and thousands of contrasts in which each thing seen competes with every other in order to be recognized. A larger object overshadows a smaller one. A brighter thing draws the attention from another with less intensity of appeal. And a more threatening idea, or one conceived of as more desirable by the world’s standards, completely upsets the mental balance. What the body’s eyes behold is only conflict. Look not to them for Peace and understanding.

Illusions are always illusions of differences. How could it be otherwise? By definition, an illusion is an attempt to make something real that is regarded as of major importance, but is recognized as being UnTrue. The Mind therefore seeks to make it True out of Its intensity of desire to have it for Itself. Illusions are travesties of creation; attempts to bring Truth to lies. Finding Truth unacceptable, the Mind revolts against Truth and gives Itself an illusion of victory. Finding health a burden, It retreats into feverish dreams. And in these dreams the Mind is separate, different from other Minds, with different interests of Its own, and able to gratify Its needs at the expense of Others.

Where do All these differences come from? Certainly they seem to be in the world outside. Yet it is surely the Mind That judges what the eyes behold. It is the Mind That interprets the eyes’ messages and gives them “meaning.” And this meaning does not exist in the world outside at all. What is seen as “Reality” is simply what the Mind prefers. Its hierarchy of values is projected outward, and It sends the body’s eyes to find it. The body’s eyes will never see except through differences. Yet it is not the messages they bring on which perception rests. Only the Mind evaluates their messages, and so only the Mind is responsible for seeing. It alone decides whether what is seen is real or illusory, desirable or undesirable, pleasurable or painful.

It is in the sorting out and categorizing activities of the Mind that errors in perception enter. And it is Here correction must be made. The Mind classifies what the body’s eyes bring to It according to Its preconceived values, judging where each sense datum fits best. What basis could be faultier than this? Unrecognized by Itself, It has Itself asked to be given what will fit into these categories. And having done so, It concludes that the categories must be True. On this the judgment of All differences rests, because it is on this that judgments of the world depend. Can this confused and senseless “reasoning” be depended on for Anything?

There can be no order of difficulty in healing merely because All sickness is illusion. Is it harder to dispel the belief of the insane in a larger hallucination as opposed to a smaller one? Will He agree more quickly to the unreality of a louder voice He hears than to that of a softer one? Will He dismiss more easily a whispered demand to kill than a shout? And do the number of pitchforks the devils He sees carrying affect their credibility in His perception? His Mind has categorized them All as real, and so they are All real to Him. When He realizes they are All illusions they will disappear. And so it is with healing. The properties of illusions which seem to make them different are really irrelevant, for their properties are as illusory as they are.

The body’s eyes will continue to see differences, but the Mind Which has let Itself be healed will no longer acknowledge them. There will be Those Who seem to be “sicker” than Others, and the body’s eyes will report Their changed appearances as before. But the Mind will put Them All in one category: They are unreal. This is the gift of Its teacher; the understanding that only two categories are meaningful in sorting out the messages the Mind receives from what appears to be the outside world. And of these two but one is real. Just as Reality is wholly real, apart from size and shape and time and place, for differences cannot exist within it, so too are illusions without distinctions. The one answer to sickness of any kind is healing. The one answer to All illusions is Truth.

9. Are Changes Required in the Life Situations of God’s Teachers?

Changes are required in the Minds of God’s teachers. This may or may not involve changes in the external situation. Remember that no One is where He is by accident, and chance plays no part in God’s plan. It is most unlikely that changes in His attitudes would not be the first step in the newlymade teacher of God’s training. There is, however, no set pattern, since training is always highly individualized. There are Those Who are called upon to change Their Life situation almost immediately, but these are generally special cases. By far the majority are given a slowly evolving training program, in which as many previous mistakes as possible are corrected. Relationships in particular must be properly perceived, and All dark cornerstones of unforgiveness removed. Otherwise the old thought system still has a basis for return.

As the teacher of God advances in His training, He learns one lesson with increasing thoroughness. He does not make His own decisions; He asks His teacher for His answer, and it is this He follows as His guide for action. This becomes easier and easier, as the teacher of God learns to give up His own judgment. The giving up of judgment, the obvious prerequisite for hearing God’s Voice, is usually a fairly slow process, not because it is difficult, but because it is apt to be perceived as personally insulting. The world’s training is directed toward achieving a goal in direct opposition to that of Our curriculum. The world trains for reliance on One’s judgment as the criterion for maturity and Strength. Our curriculum trains for the relinquishment of judgment as the necessary condition of Salvation.

10. How is Judgment Relinquished?

Judgment, like other devices by which the world of illusions is maintained, is totally misunderstood by the world. It is actually confused with Wisdom, and substitutes for Truth. As the world uses the term, an Individual is capable of “good” and “bad” judgment, and His education aims at strengthening the former and minimizing the latter. There is, however, considerable confusion about what these categories mean. What is “good” judgment to One is “bad” judgment to Another. Further, even the same Person classifies the same action as showing “good” judgment at one time and “bad” judgment at another time. Nor can any consistent criteria for determining what these categories are be really taught. The student will disagree with what His wouldbe teacher says about them and the teacher Himself will be inconsistent in what He believes they are.

“Good judgment” in these terms, does not mean Anything. No more does “bad.” It is necessary for the teacher of God to realize not that He should not judge, but that He cannot. In giving up judgment He merely gives up what He did not have. He gives up an illusion, or better, He has an illusion of giving up. He has actually merely become more honest. Recognizing that judgment was always impossible for Him, He no longer attempts it. This is no sacrifice. On the contrary, He puts Himself in a position where judgment through Him rather than by Him can occur. And this Judgment is neither “good” nor “bad.” It is the only Judgment there is, and it is only One:

God’s Son is guiltless, and sin does not exist.

The aim of Our curriculum, unlike the goal of the world’s learning, is the recognition that judgment in the usual sense is impossible. This is not an opinion but a fact. In order to judge Anything rightly, One would have to be fully aware of an inconceivably wide range of things; past, present and to come. One would have to recognize in advance All the effects of His judgments on Everyone and Everything involved in them in any way. And One would have to be certain there is no distortion in His perception, so that His judgment would be wholly fair to Everyone on Whom it rests now and in the future. Who is in a position to do this? Who except in grandiose fantasies would claim this for Himself?

Remember how many times You thought You knew All the “facts” You needed for judgment, and how wrong You were! Is there Anyone Who has not had this experience? Would You know how many times You merely thought You were right, without ever realizing You were wrong? Why would You choose such an arbitrary basis for decisionmaking? Wisdom is not judgment; it is the relinquishment of judgment. Make then but one more judgment. It is this:

There is Someone with You Whose judgment is perfect. He does know All the facts, past, present and to come. He does know All the effects of His judgment on Everyone and Everything involved in any way. And He is wholly fair to Everyone, for there is no distortion in His perception.

Therefore lay judgment down, not with regret but with a sigh of gratitude. Now are You free of a burden so great that You could merely stagger and fall down beneath it. And it was All illusion. Nothing more. Now can the teacher of God rise up unburdened, and walk lightly on. Yet it is not only this that is His benefit. His sense of care is gone, for He has none. He has given it away, along with judgment. He gave Himself to Him Whose judgment He has chosen now to trust instead of His own. Now He makes no mistakes. His Guide is sure. And where He came to judge He comes to bless. Where now He laughs He used to come to weep.

It is not difficult to relinquish judgment. But it is difficult indeed to try to keep it. The teacher of God lays it down happily the instant He recognizes its cost. All of the ugliness He saw about Him was its outcome. All of the pain He looked upon was its result. All of the loneliness and sense of loss; of passing time and growing hopelessness; of sickening despair and fear of death; All these had come of it. And now He knows that these things need not be. Not one is True. For He has given up their cause, and they, which never were but the effects of His mistaken choice, have fallen from Him. Teacher of God, this step will bring You Peace. Can it be difficult to want but this?

11. How Is Peace Possible In This World?

This is a question Everyone must ask. Certainly Peace seems to be impossible here. Yet the Word of God promises other things that seem impossible, as well as this. His Word has promised Peace. It has also promised that there is no death; that Resurrection must occur, and that rebirth is Man’s inheritance. The world You see cannot be the world God loves, and yet His Word assures Us that He loves the world. God’s Word has promised that Peace is possible here, and what He promises can hardly be impossible. But it is True that the world must be looked at differently, if His promises are to be accepted. What the world is, is but a fact. You cannot choose what this should be. But You can choose how You would see it. Indeed, You must choose this.

Again We come to the question of judgment. This time, ask Yourself whether Your judgment or the Word of God is more likely to be True. For they say different things about the world, and things so opposite that it is pointless to try to reconcile them. God offers the world Salvation; Your judgment would condemn it. God says there is no death; Your judgment sees but death as the inevitable end of Life. God’s Word assures You that He loves the world; Your judgment says it is unlovable. Who is right? For One of You is wrong. It must be so.

The Text explains that the Holy Spirit is the Answer to All problems You have made. These problems are not real, but that is meaningless to Those Who believe in them. And Everyone believes in what He made, for it was made by His believing it. Into this strange and paradoxical situation – one without meaning and devoid of sense, yet out of which no way seems possible – God has sent His Judgment to answer Yours. Gently His Judgment substitutes for Yours. And through this substitution is the ununderstandable made understandable. How is Peace possible in this world? In Your judgment it is not possible, and can never be possible. But in the Judgment of God what is reflected here is only Peace.

Peace is impossible to Those Who look on war. Peace is inevitable to Those Who offer Peace. How easily, then, is Your judgment of the world escaped. It is not the world which makes Peace seem impossible. It is the world You see that is impossible. Yet has God’s Judgment on this distorted world redeemed it and made it fit to Welcome Peace. And Peace descends on it in joyous answer. Peace now belongs here, because a Thought of God has entered. What else but a Thought of God turns hell to Heaven merely by being what It is? The earth bows down before Its gracious Presence, and It leans down in answer to raise it up again. Now is the question different. It is no longer

“Can Peace be possible in this world?”

but instead

“Is it not impossible that Peace be absent here?”

12. How Many Teachers of God Are Needed to Save the World?

The answer to this question is “One.” One wholly perfect teacher, Whose learning is complete, suffices. This One, sanctified and redeemed, becomes the Self Who is the Son of God. He Who was always wholly Spirit now no longer sees Himself as a body, or even as in a body. Therefore He is limitless. And being limitless, His Thoughts are joined with God’s forever and ever. His perception of Himself is based upon God’s Judgment, not His own. Thus does He share God’s Will, and bring His Thoughts to still deluded Minds. He is forever One, because He is as God created Him. He has accepted Christ and He is safed.

Thus does the son of Man become the Son of God. It is not really a change; it is a change of Mind. Nothing external alters, but Everything internal now reflects only the Love of God. God can no longer be feared, for the Mind sees no cause for punishment. God’s teachers appear to be many, for that is the world’s need. Yet being joined in one purpose, and one They share with God, how could They be separate from Each Other? What does it matter if They then appear in many forms? Their Minds are One; Their joining is complete. And God works through Them now as One, for that is what They are.

Why is the illusion of many necessary? Because Reality is not understandable to the deluded. Only a very Few can hear God’s Voice at all, and even They cannot communicate His messages directly through the Spirit Which gave them. They need a medium through which communication becomes possible to Those Who do not realize that They are Spirit. A body They can see. A voice They understand and listen to without the fear that Truth would find in Them. Do not forget that Truth can come only where it is welcomed without fear. So do God’s teachers need a body, for Their Unity could not be recognized directly.

Yet what makes Them God’s teachers is Their recognition of the proper purpose of the body. As They advance in Their profession, They become more and more certain that the body’s function is but to let God’s Voice speak through it to human ears. And these ears will carry to the Mind of the hearer messages which are not of this world, and the Mind will understand because of their Source. From this understanding will come the recognition, in this new teacher of God, of what the body’s purpose really is; the only use there really is for it. This lesson is enough to let the Thought of Unity come in, and what is One is recognized as One. The teachers of God appear to share the illusion of separation, but because of what They use the body for, They do not believe in the illusion despite appearances.

The central lesson is always this; that what You use the body for, it will become to You. Use it for sin or for attack, which is the same as sin, and You will see it as sinful. Because it is sinful it is weak, and being weak it suffers and it dies. Use it to bring the Word of God to Those Who have It not, and the body becomes Holy. Because it is Holy it cannot be sick, nor can it die. When its usefulness is done it is laid by, and that is All. The Mind makes this decision, as It makes All decisions which are responsible for the body’s condition. Yet the teacher of God does not make this decision alone. To do that would be to give the body another purpose from the one that keeps it Holy. God’s Voice will tell Him when He has fulfilled His role, just as It tells Him what His function is. He does not suffer either in going or remaining. Sickness is now impossible to Him.

Oneness and sickness cannot coexist. God’s teachers choose to look on dreams a while. It is a conscious choice. For They have learned that All choices are made consciously, with full awareness of their consequences. The dream says otherwise, but Who would put His faith in dreams, once they are recognized for what they are? Awareness of dreaming is the real function of God’s teachers. They watch the dream figures come and go, shift and change, suffer and die. Yet They are not deceived by what They see. They recognize that to behold a dream figure as sick and separate is no more real than to regard it as healthy and beautiful. Unity alone is not a thing of dreams. And it is this God’s teachers acknowledge as behind the dream, beyond All seeing and yet surely Theirs.

13. What is the Real Meaning of Sacrifice?

Although in Truth the term sacrifice is altogether meaningless, it does have meaning in the world. Like All things in the world its meaning is temporary, and will ultimately fade into the nothingness from which it came when there is no more use for it. Now its real meaning is a lesson. Like All lessons it is an illusion, for in Reality there is nothing to learn. Yet this illusion must be replaced by a corrective device; another illusion that replaces the first, so both can finally disappear. The first illusion, which must be displaced before another thought system can take hold, is that it is a sacrifice to give up the things of this world. What could this be but an illusion, since this world itself is nothing more than that?

It takes great learning both to realize and to accept the fact that the world has nothing to give. What can the sacrifice of nothing mean? It cannot mean that You have less because of it. There is no sacrifice in the world’s terms that does not involve the body. Think a while about what the world calls sacrifice: Power, fame, money, physical pleasure. Who is the hero to Whom All these things belong? Could they mean Anything except to a body? Yet a body cannot evaluate. By seeking after such things the Mind associates Itself with the body, obscuring Its identity and losing sight of what It really is.

Once this confusion has occurred, it becomes impossible for the Mind to understand that All the “pleasures” of the world are nothing. But what a sacrifice – and it is sacrifice indeed – All this entails! Now has the Mind condemned Itself to seek without finding; to be forever dissatisfied and discontented; to know not what It really wants to find. Who can escape this selfcondemnation? Only through God’s Word could this be possible. For selfcondemnation is a decision about identity, and no One doubts what He believes He is. He can doubt All things, but never this.

God’s teachers can have no regret on giving up the pleasures of the world. Is it a sacrifice to give up pain? Does an adult resent the giving up of children’s toys? Does One Whose Vision has already glimpsed the Face of Christ look back with longing on a slaughter house? No One Who has escaped the world and All its ills looks back on it with condemnation. Yet He must rejoice that He is free of All the sacrifice which its value would demand of Him. To them He sacrifices All His freedom. To them He sacrifices All His Peace. And to possess them must He sacrifice His hope of Heaven and remembrance of His Father’s Love. Who in His sane Mind chooses nothing as a substitute for Everything?

What is the real meaning of sacrifice? It is the cost of believing in illusions. It is the price that must be paid for the denial of Truth. There is no pleasure of the world that does not demand this, for otherwise the pleasure would be seen as pain. And no One asks for pain if He recognizes it. It is the idea of sacrifice that makes Him blind. He does not see what He is asking for. And so He seeks it in a thousand ways and in a thousand places, each time believing it is there and each time disappointed in the end. “Seek but do not find” remains this world’s stern decree, and no One Who pursues the world’s goals can do otherwise.

You may believe this Course requires sacrifice of All You really hold dear. In one sense that is True, for You hold dear the things that crucify God’s Son. And it is the Course’s aim to set Him free. But do not be mistaken about what sacrifice means. It always means the giving up of what You want. And what, oh teacher of God, is it that You want? You have been called by God, and You have answered. Would You now sacrifice that Call? Few have heard it as yet, and They can but turn to You. There is no other hope in All the world that They can trust. There is no other voice in All the world that echoes God’s. If You would sacrifice the Truth, They stay in hell. And if They stay, You will remain with Them.

Do not forget that sacrifice is total. There are no “half sacrifices.” You cannot give up Heaven partially. You cannot be a little bit in hell. The Word of God has no exceptions. It is this that makes It Holy and beyond the world. It is Its Holiness that points to God. It is Its Holiness that makes You safe. It is denied if You attack any Brother for Anything. For it is here the split with God occurs. A split that is impossible. A split that cannot happen. Yet a split in which You surely will believe, because You have set up a situation that is impossible. And in this situation the impossible can seem to happen. It seems to happen at the “sacrifice” of Truth.

Teacher of God, do not forget the meaning of sacrifice, and remember what each decision You make must mean in terms of cost. Decide for God, and Everything is given You at no cost at all. Decide against Him and You choose nothing at the expense of the awareness of Everything. What would You teach? Remember only what You would learn. For it is here that Your concern should be. Atonement is for You. Your learning claims It and Your learning gives It. The world contains It not, but learn this Course and it is Yours. God holds out His Word to You, for He has need of teachers. What other way is there to save His Son?

14. How Will the World End?

Can what has no beginning really end? The world will end in an illusion, as it began. Yet will its ending be an illusion of mercy. The illusion of forgiveness, complete, excluding no One, limitless in gentleness, will cover it, hiding All evil, concealing All sin and ending guilt forever. So ends the world that guilt had made, for now it has no purpose and is gone. The Father of illusions is the belief that they have a purpose; that they serve a need or gratify a want. Perceived as purposeless, they are no longer seen. Their uselessness is recognized and they are gone. How but in this way are All illusions ended? They have been brought to Truth, and Truth saw them not. It merely overlooked the meaningless.

Until forgiveness is complete, the world does have a purpose. It becomes the home in which forgiveness is born, and where it grows and becomes stronger and more All embracing. Here is it nourished, for here it is needed. A gentle Savior, born where sin was made and guilt seemed real. Here is His home, for here there is need of Him indeed. He brings the ending of the world with Him. It is His Call God’s teachers answer, turning to Him in silence to receive His Word. The world will end when All things in it have been rightly judged by His judgment. The world will end with the benediction of Holiness upon it. When not one thought of sin remains, the world is over. It will not be destroyed nor attacked nor even touched. It will merely cease to seem to be.

Certainly this seems to be a long, long while away. “When not one thought of sin remains” appears to be a longrange goal indeed. But time stands still, and waits on the goals of God’s teachers. Not one thought of sin will remain the instant any one of Them accepts the Atonement for Himself. It is not easier to forgive one sin than to forgive All of them. The illusion of orders of difficulty is an obstacle the teacher of God must learn to pass by and leave behind. One sin perfectly forgiven by one teacher of God can make Salvation complete. Can You understand this? No; it is meaningless to Anyone here. Yet it is the final lesson in which Unity is restored. It goes against All the thinking of the world, but so does Heaven.

The world will end when its thought system has been completely reversed. Until then, bits and pieces of its thinking will still seem sensible. The final lesson which brings the ending of the world cannot be grasped by Those not yet prepared to leave the world and go beyond its tiny reach. What, then, is the function of the teacher of God in this concluding lesson? He need merely learn how to approach it; to be willing to go in its direction. He need merely trust that, if God’s Voice tells Him it is a lesson He can learn, He can learn it. He does not judge it either as hard or easy. His teacher points to it, and He trusts that He will show Him how to learn it.

The world will end in Joy because it is a place of sorrow. When Joy has come the purpose of the world has gone. The world will end in Peace because it is a place of war. When Peace has come, what is the purpose of the world? The world will end in laughter because it is a place of tears. Where there is laughter, Who can longer weep? And only complete forgiveness brings All this to bless the world. In Blessing it departs, for it will not end as it began. To turn hell into Heaven is the function of God’s teachers, for what They teach are lessons in which Heaven is reflected. And now sit down in True humility, and realize that All God would have You do You can do. Do not be arrogant and say You cannot learn His Own curriculum. His Word says otherwise. His Will be done. It cannot be otherwise. And be You thankful it is so.

15. Is Each One to be Judged In the End?

Indeed, yes! No One can escape God’s final judgment. Who could flee forever from the Truth? But the final judgment will not come until it is no longer associated with fear. One day Each One will Welcome it, and on that very day it will be given Him. He will hear His sinlessness proclaimed around and around the world, setting it free as God’s final judgment on Him is received. This is the judgment in which Salvation lies. This is the judgment that will set Him free. This is the judgment in which All things are freed with Him. Time pauses as Eternity comes near, and silence lies across the world that Everyone may hear this judgment of the Son of God:

Holy are You, eternal, free and whole,
At Peace forever in the Heart of God.
Where is the world and where is sorrow now?

Is this Your judgment on Yourself, teacher of God? Do You believe that this is wholly True? No, not yet, not yet. But this is still Your goal; why You are here. It is Your function to prepare Yourself to hear this judgment and to recognize that it is True. One instant of complete belief in this, and You will go beyond belief to Certainty. One instant out of time can bring time’s end. Judge not, for You but judge Yourself and thus delay this final judgment. What is Your judgment on the world, teacher of God? Have You yet learned to stand aside and hear the Voice of Judgment in Yourself? Or do You still attempt to take His role from Him? Learn to be quiet, for His Voice is heard in stillness. And His Judgment comes to All Who stand aside in quiet listening, and wait for Him.

You Who are sometimes sad and sometimes angry; Who sometimes feel Your just due is not given You, and Your best efforts meet with lack of appreciation and even with contempt; give up these foolish thoughts. They are too small and meaningless to occupy Your Holy Minds an instant longer. God’s Judgment waits for You to set You free. What can the world hold out to You, regardless of Your judgments on its gifts, that You would rather have? You will be judged, and judged in fairness and in honesty. There is no deceit in God. His promises are sure. Only remember that. His promises have guaranteed His judgment, and His alone, will be accepted in the end. It is Your function to make that end be soon. It is Your function to hold it in Your Heart, and offer it to All the world to keep it safe.

16. How Should the Teacher of God Spend His Day?

To the advanced teacher of God this question is meaningless. There is no program, for the lessons change each day. Yet He is sure of but one thing: They do not change at random. Seeing this, and understanding it is True, He rests content. He will be told All that His role should be, this day and every day. And Those Who share that role with Him will find Him, so They can learn the lessons for the day together. Not One is absent Whom He needs; not One is sent without a learning goal already set, and one which can be met that very day. For the advanced teacher of God, then, this question is superfluous. It has been asked and answered, and He keeps in constant contact with the Answer. He is set, and sees the road on which He walks stretch surely and smoothly before Him.

But what about Those Who have not reached His certainty? They are not yet ready for such lack of structuring on Their own part. What must They do to learn to give the day to God? There are some general rules which do apply, although Each One must use them as best He can in His own way. Routines as such are dangerous, because they easily become gods in their own right, threatening the very goals for which they were set up. Broadly speaking, then, it can be said that it is well to start the day right. It is always possible to begin again, should the day begin with error. Yet there are obvious advantages in terms of saving time if the need for this can be avoided.

At the beginning it is wise to think in terms of time. This is by no means the ultimate criterion, but at the outset it is probably the simplest to observe. The saving of time is an essential early emphasis which, although it remains important throughout the learning process, becomes less and less emphasized. At the outset, We can safely say that time devoted to starting the day right does indeed save time. How much time should be so spent? This must depend on the teacher of God Himself. He cannot claim that title until He has gone through the Workbook, since We are learning within the framework of Our Course. After completion of the more structured practice periods which the Workbook contains, individual need becomes the chief consideration.

This Course is always practical. It may be that the teacher of God is not in a situation which fosters quiet thought as He awakes. If this is so, let Him but remember that He chooses to spend time with God as soon as possible, and let Him do so. Duration is not the major concern. One can easily sit still an hour with closed eyes, and accomplish nothing. One can as easily give God only an instant, and in that instant join with Him completely. Perhaps the one generalization that can be made is this: As soon as possible after waking take Your quiet time, continuing a minute or two after You begin to find it difficult. You may find that the difficulty will diminish and drop away. If not, that is the time to stop.

The same procedures should be followed at night. Perhaps Your quiet time should be fairly early in the evening, if it is not feasible for You to take it just before going to sleep. It is not wise to lie down for it. It is better to sit up, in whatever position You prefer. Having gone through the Workbook You must have come to some conclusions in this respect. If possible, however, just before sleeping is a desirable time to devote to God. It sets Your Mind into a pattern of rest, and orients You away from fear. If it is expedient to spend this time earlier, at least be sure that You do not forget a brief period, not more than a moment will do, in which You close Your eyes and think of God.

There is one thought in particular that should be remembered throughout the day. It is a thought of pure Joy, a thought of Peace, a thought of limitless release – limitless because All things are freed within it. You think You made a place of safety for Yourself. You think You made a power that can save You from All the fearful things You see in dreams. It is not so. Your safety lies not there. What You give up is merely the illusion of protecting illusions. And it is this You fear, and only this. How foolish to be so afraid of nothing! Nothing at all! Your defenses will not work, but You are not in danger. You have no need of them. Recognize this and they will disappear. And only then will You accept Your real protection.

How simply and how easily does the day slip by for the teacher of God Who has accepted His protection! All that He did before in the Name of safety no longer interests Him. For He is safe, and knows it to be so. He has a Guide Who will not fail. He need make no distinctions among the problems He perceives, for He to Whom He turns with All of them recognizes no order of difficulty in resolving them. He is as safe in the Present as He was before illusions were accepted into His Mind, and as He will be when He has let them go. There is no difference in His state at different times and different places because they are All One to God. This is His safety. And He has no need for more than this.

Yet there will be temptations along the way the teacher of God has yet to travel, and He has need of reminding Himself throughout the day of His protection. How can He do this, particularly during the time when His Mind is occupied with external things? He can but try, and His success depends on His conviction that He will succeed. He must be sure success is not of Him, but will be given Him at any time, in any place and circumstance He calls for it. There are times His certainty will waver, and the instant this occurs He will return to earlier attempts to place reliance on Himself alone. Forget not this is magic, and that magic is a sorry substitute for True assistance. It is not good enough for God’s teacher because it is not good enough for God’s Son.

The avoidance of magic is the avoidance of temptation. For All temptation is nothing more than the attempt to substitute another will for God’s. These attempts may indeed seem frightening, yet they are merely pathetic. They can have no effects; neither good nor bad, neither rewarding nor demanding sacrifice, healing nor destructive, quieting nor fearful. When All magic is recognized as merely nothing, the teacher of God has reached the most advanced state. All intermediate lessons will but lead to this, and bring this goal nearer to recognition. For magic of any kind, in All its forms, simply does nothing. Its powerlessness is the reason it can be so easily escaped. What has no effects can hardly terrify.

There is no substitute for the Will of God. In simple statement, it is to this fact that the teacher of God devotes His day. Each substitute He may accept as real can but deceive Him. But He is safe from All deception if He so decides. Perhaps He needs to remember

God is with Me. I cannot be deceived.

Perhaps He prefers other words or only one or none at all. Yet each temptation to accept magic as True must be abandoned through His recognition not that it is fearful, not that it is sinful, not that it is dangerous, but merely that it is meaningless. Rooted in sacrifice and separation, two aspects of one error and no more, He merely chooses to give up All that He never had. And for this “sacrifice” is Heaven restored to His awareness.

Is not this an exchange that You would want? The world would gladly make it, if it knew it could be made. It is God’s teachers Who must teach it that it can. And so it is Their function to make sure that They have learned it. No risk is possible throughout the day except to put Your trust in magic, for it is only this that leads to pain.

There is no will but God’s.

His teachers know that this is so, and have learned that Everything but this is magic. All belief in magic is maintained by just one simpleminded illusion – that it works. All through His training, every day and hour, and even every minute and second, must God’s teachers learn to recognize the forms of magic and perceive their meaninglessness. Fear is withdrawn from them and so they go. And thus the Gate of Heaven is reopened, and its Light can shine again on an untroubled Mind.

17. How Do God’s Teachers Deal With Their Pupils’ Thoughts of Magic?

This is a crucial question both for teacher and pupil. If this issue is mishandled, the teacher of God has hurt Himself and has also attacked His pupil. This strengthens fear and makes the magic seem quite real to Both of Them. How to deal with magic thus becomes a major lesson for the teacher of God to master. His first responsibility in this is not to attack it. If a magic thought arouses anger in any form, God’s teachers can be sure that He is strengthening His own belief in sin and has condemned Himself. He can be sure as well that He has asked for depression, pain, fear and disaster to come to Him. Let Him remember, then, it is not this that He would teach because it is not this that He would learn.

There is, however, a temptation to respond to magic in a way that reinforces it. Nor is this always obvious. It can, in fact, be easily concealed beneath a wish to help. It is this double wish that makes the help of little value, and must lead to undesired outcomes. Nor should it be forgotten that the outcome which results will always come to teacher and to pupil. How many times has it been emphasized that You give but to Yourself? And where could this be better shown than in the kinds of help the teacher gives to Those Who need His aid? Here is His gift most clearly given Him. For He will give only what He has chosen for Himself. And in this gift is His judgment upon the Holy Son of God.

It is easiest to let error be corrected where it is most apparent, and errors can be recognized by their results. A lesson Truly taught can lead to nothing but release for teacher and pupil, Who have shared in one intent. Attack can enter only if perception of separate goals has entered. And this must indeed have been the case if the result is Anything but Joy. The single aim of the teacher turns the divided goal of the pupil into one direction, with the call for help becoming His one appeal. This then is easily responded to with just one answer, and this answer will enter the teacher’s Mind unfailingly. From there it shines into His pupil’s Mind, making It One with His.

Perhaps it will be helpful to remember that no One can be angry at a fact. It is always an interpretation that gives rise to negative emotions, regardless of their seeming justification by what appear as facts. Regardless, too, of the intensity of the anger which is aroused. It may be merely slight irritation, perhaps too mild to be even clearly recognized. Or it may also take the form of intense rage, accompanied by thoughts of violence, fantasied or apparently acted out. It does not matter. All of these reactions are the same. They obscure the Truth, and this can never be a matter of degree. Either Truth is apparent or It is not. It cannot be partially recognized. Who is unaware of Truth must look upon illusions.

Anger in response to perceived magic thoughts is the basic cause of fear. Consider what this reaction means, and its centrality in the world’s thought system becomes apparent. A magic thought, by its mere presence, acknowledges a separation from God. It states, in the clearest form possible, that the Mind which thinks It believes It has a separate will that can oppose the Will of God and succeed. That this can hardly be a fact is obvious. Yet that it can be believed as fact is surely so. And herein lies the birthplace of guilt. Who usurps the place of God and takes it for Himself now has a deadly “enemy.” And He must stand alone in His protection, and make Himself a shield to keep Him safe from fury that can never be abated and vengeance that can never be satisfied.

How can this unfair battle be resolved? Its ending is inevitable, for its outcome must be death. How then can One believe in One’s defenses? Magic again must help. Forget the battle. Accept it as a fact and then forget it. Do not remember the impossible odds against You. Do not remember the immensity of the “enemy,” and do not think about Your frailty in comparison. Accept Your separation, but do not remember how it came about. Believe that You have won it, but do not retain the slightest memory of Who Your great “opponent” really is. Projecting Your “forgetting” onto Him, it seems to You He has forgotten, too.

But what will now be Your reaction to All magic thoughts? They can but reawaken sleeping guilt, which You have hidden but have not let go. Each one says clearly to Your frightened Mind, “You have usurped the place of God. Think not He has forgotten.” Here We have the fear of God most starkly represented. For in that thought has guilt already raised madness to the throne of God Himself. And now there is no hope. Except to kill. Here is Salvation now. An angry Father pursues His guilty Son. Kill or be killed, for here alone is choice. Beyond this there is none, for what was done cannot be done without. The stain of blood can never be removed, and Anyone Who bears this stain on Him must meet with death.

Into this hopeless situation God sends His teachers. They bring the Light of hope from God Himself. There is a Way in which escape is possible. It can be learned and taught, but it requires patience and abundant willingness. Given that, the lesson’s manifest simplicity stands out like an intense white Light against a black horizon, for such It is. If anger comes from an interpretation and not a fact, it is never justified. Once this is even dimly grasped, the Way is open. Now it is possible to take the next step. The interpretation can be changed at last. Magic thoughts need not lead to condemnation, for they do not really have the power to give rise to guilt. And so they can be overlooked, and thus forgiven in the Truest sense.

Madness but seems terrible. In Truth it has no power to make Anything. Like the magic which becomes its servant, it neither attacks nor protects. To see it and to recognize its thought system is to look on nothing. Can nothing give rise to anger? Hardly so. Remember then, teacher of God, that anger recognizes a Reality that is not there; yet is the anger certain witness that You do believe in it as fact. Now is escape impossible until You see You have responded to Your own interpretation, which You have projected on an outside world. Let this grim sword be taken from You now. There is no death. This sword does not exist. The fear of God is causeless. But His Love is Cause of Everything beyond All fear, and thus forever real and always True.

18. How Is Correction Made?

Correction of a lasting nature – and only this is True correction – cannot be made until the teacher of God has ceased to confuse interpretation with fact or illusion with Truth. If He argues with His pupil about a magic thought, attacks it, tries to establish its error or demonstrate its falsity, He is but witnessing to its Reality. Depression is then inevitable, for He has “proved” both to His pupil and Himself that it is Their task to escape from What is real. And this can only be impossible. Reality is changeless. Magic thoughts are but illusions. Otherwise Salvation would be only the same age old impossible dream in but another form. Yet the dream of Salvation has new content. It is not the form alone in which the difference lies.

God’s teachers’ major lesson is to learn how to react to magic thoughts wholly without anger. Only in this way can They proclaim the Truth about Themselves. Through Them, the Holy Spirit can now speak of the Reality of the Son of God. Now He can remind the world of sinlessness, the one unchanged, unchangeable condition of All That God created. Now He can speak the Word of God to listening ears, and bring Christ’s Vision to eyes that see. Now is He free to teach All Minds the Truth of What They are, so They will gladly be returned to Him. And now is guilt forgiven, overlooked completely in His sight and in God’s Word.

Anger but screeches, “Guilt is real!” Reality is blotted out as this insane belief is taken as replacement for God’s Word. The body’s eyes now “see”; its ears alone are thought to hear. Its little space and tiny breath become the measure of Reality. And Truth becomes diminutive and meaningless. Correction has one answer to All this, and to the world that rests on this:

You but mistake interpretation for the Truth. And You are wrong. But a mistake is not a sin, nor has Reality been taken from its throne by Your mistakes. God reigns forever, and His laws alone prevail upon You and upon the world. His Love remains the only Thing there is. Fear is illusion, for You are like Him.

In order to heal, it thus becomes essential for the teacher of God to let All His own mistakes be corrected. If He senses even the faintest hint of irritation in Himself as He responds to Anyone, let Him instantly realize that He has made an interpretation which is not True. Then let Him turn within to His Eternal Guide, and let Him judge what the response should be. So is He healed, and in His healing is His pupil healed with Him. The sole responsibility of God’s teacher is to accept the Atonement for Himself. Atonement means correction or the undoing of errors. When this has been accomplished, the teacher of God becomes a Miracle Worker by definition. His sins have been forgiven Him, and He no longer condemns Himself. How can He then condemn Anyone? And Who is there Whom His forgiveness can fail to heal?

19. What Is Justice?

Justice is the Divine correction for injustice. Injustice is the basis for All the judgments of the world. Justice corrects the interpretations to which injustice gives rise, and cancels them out. Neither justice nor injustice exists in Heaven, for error is impossible and correction meaningless. In this world, however, forgiveness depends on justice, since All attack can only be unjust. Justice is the Holy Spirit’s verdict upon the world. Except in His judgment justice is impossible, for no One in the world is capable of making only just interpretations and laying All injustices aside. If God’s Son were fairly judged, there would be no need for Salvation. The thought of separation would have been forever inconceivable.

Justice, like its opposite, is an interpretation. It is, however, the one interpretation that leads to Truth. This becomes possible because, while it is not True in itself, justice includes nothing that opposes Truth. There is no inherent conflict between justice and Truth; One is but the first small step in the direction of the Other. The path becomes quite different as One goes along. Nor could All the magnificence, the grandeur of the scene and the enormous opening vistas that rise to meet One as He travels on, be foretold from the outset. Yet even these, whose splendor reaches indescribable heights as One proceeds, fall short indeed of All that awaits One when the pathway ceases and time ends with it. But somewhere One must start. Justice is the beginning.

All concepts of Your Brothers and Yourself; All fears of future states and All concern about the past stem from injustice. Here is the lens which, held before the body’s eyes, distorts perception and brings witness of the distorted world back to the Mind That made the lens and holds it very dear. Selectively and arbitrarily is every concept of the world built up in just this way. “Sins” are perceived and justified by this careful selectivity in which All thought of Wholeness must be lost. Forgiveness has no place in such a scheme, for not one “sin” but seems forever True.

Salvation is God’s justice. It restores to Your awareness the Wholeness of the fragments You perceive as broken off and separate. And it is this that overcomes the fear of death. For separate fragments must decay and die, but Wholeness is immortal. It remains forever and forever like its Creator, being One with Him. God’s Judgment is His justice. Onto this – a judgment wholly lacking in condemnation; an evaluation based entirely on Love – You have projected Your injustice, giving God the lens of warped perception through which You look. Now it belongs to Him and not to You. You are afraid of Him, and do not see You hate and fear Your Self as enemy.

Pray for God’s justice, and do not confuse His mercy with Your own insanity. Perception can make whatever picture the Mind desires to see. Remember this. In this lies either Heaven or hell, as You elect. God’s justice points to Heaven just because it is entirely impartial. It accepts All evidence that is brought before it, omitting nothing and assessing nothing as separate and apart from All the rest. From this one standpoint does it judge, and this alone. Here All attack and condemnation become meaningless and indefensible. Perception rests, the Mind is still, and Light returns again. Vision is now restored. What had been lost has now been found. The Peace of God descends on All the world, and We can see. And We can see!

20. What Is the Peace of God?

It has been said that there is a kind of Peace that is not of this world. How is it recognized? How is it found? And being found, how can it be retained? Let Us consider each of these questions separately, for each reflects a different step along the way.

a. How can the Peace of God be recognized?

God’s Peace is recognized at first by just one thing: In every way it is totally unlike All previous experiences. It calls to Mind nothing that went before. It brings with it no past associations. It is a new thing entirely. There is a contrast, yes, between this thing and All the past. But strangely, it is not a contrast of True differences. The past just slips away, and in its place is everlasting quiet. Only that. The contrast first perceived has merely gone. Quiet has reached to cover Everything.

b. How is this quiet found?

No One can fail to find it Who but seeks out its conditions. God’s Peace can never come where anger is, for anger must deny that Peace exists. Who sees anger as justified in any way or any circumstance proclaims that Peace is meaningless, and must believe that it cannot exist. In this condition, Peace cannot be found. Therefore, forgiveness is the necessary condition for finding the Peace of God. More than this, given forgiveness there must be Peace. For what except attack will lead to war? And what but Peace is opposite to war? Here the initial contrast stands out clear and apparent. Yet when Peace is found, the war is meaningless. And it is conflict now that is perceived as nonexistent and unreal.

c. How is the Peace of God retained, once it is found?

Returning anger, in whatever form, will drop the heavy curtain once again, and the belief that Peace cannot exist will certainly return. War is again accepted as the one Reality. Now must You once again lay down Your sword, although You may not recognize that You have picked it up again. But You will learn, as You remember even faintly now what happiness was Yours without it, that You must have taken it again as Your defense. Stop for a moment now and think of this: Is conflict what You want or is God’s Peace the better choice? Which gives You more? A tranquil Mind is not a little gift. Would You not rather live than choose to die?

Living is Joy, but death can only weep. You see in death escape from what You made. But this You do not see; that You made death, and it is but illusion of an end. Death cannot be escape, because it is not Life in which the problem lies. Life has no opposite, for it is God. Life and death seem to be opposites because You have decided that death ends Life. Forgive the world, and You will understand that Everything Which God created cannot have an end, and nothing He did not create is real. In this one sentence is Our Course explained. In this one sentence is Our practicing given its one direction. And in this the Holy Spirit’s whole curriculum is specified exactly as it is.

d. What is the Peace of God?

No more than this; the simple understanding that His Will is wholly without opposite. There is no thought that contradicts His Will, yet can be True. The contrast between His Will and Yours but seemed to be Reality. In Truth there is no conflict, because His Will is Yours. Now is the mighty Will of God Himself His gift to You. He does not seek to keep it for Himself. Why would You seek to keep Your tiny, frail imaginings apart from Him? The Will of God is One and All there is. This is Your heritage. The Universe beyond the sun and stars, and All the thoughts of which You can conceive, belong to You. God’s Peace is the condition for His Will. Attain His Peace, and You remember Him.

21. What Is the Role of Words in Healing?

Strictly speaking, words play no part at All in healing. The motivating factor is Prayer or asking. What You ask for You receive. But this refers to the Prayer of the Heart, not to the words You use in praying. Sometimes the words and the Prayer are contradictory, sometimes they agree. It does not matter. God does not understand words, for they were made by separated Minds to keep Them in the illusion of separation. Words can be helpful, particularly for the beginner, in helping concentration and facilitating the exclusion or at least the control of extraneous thoughts. Let Us not forget, however, that words are but symbols of symbols. They are thus twice removed from Reality.

As symbols, words have quite specific references. Even when they seem most abstract, the picture which comes to Mind is apt to be very concrete. Unless a specific referent does occur to the Mind in conjunction with the word, the word has little or no practical meaning and thus cannot help the healing process. The Prayer of the Heart does not really ask for concrete things. It always requests some kind of experience, the specific things asked for being the bringers of the desired experience in the judgment of the asker. The words, then, are symbols for the things asked for, but the things Themselves but stand for the experiences hoped for.

The Prayer for things of this world will bring experiences of this world. If the Prayer of the Heart asks for this, this will be given because this will be received. It is impossible that the Prayer of the Heart remain unanswered in the perception of the One Who asks. If He asks for the impossible, if He wants what does not exist or seeks for illusions in His Heart, All this becomes His own. The power of His decision offers it to Him as He requests. Herein lie hell and Heaven. The sleeping Son of God has but this power left to Him. It is enough. His words do not matter. Only the Word of God has any meaning, because it symbolizes that which has no human symbols at all. The Holy Spirit alone understands what this Word stands for. And this, too, is enough.

Is the teacher of God then to avoid the use of words in His teaching? No, indeed. There are many Who must be reached through words, being as yet unable to hear in silence. The teacher of God must, however, learn to use words in a new way. Gradually, He learns how to let His words be chosen for Him by ceasing to decide for Himself what He will say. This process is merely a special case of the Workbook lesson I will step back and let Him lead the way. The teacher of God accepts the words which are offered Him and gives as He receives. He does not control the direction of His speaking. He listens and hears and speaks.

A major hindrance in this aspect of His learning is the teacher of God’s fear about the validity of what He hears. And what He hears may indeed be quite startling. It may also seem to be irrelevant to the presented problem as He perceives it, and may, in fact, confront Him with a situation that appears to be very embarrassing. All these are judgments which have no value. They are His own, coming from the shabby selfperception that He would leave behind. Judge not the words that come to You, but offer them in confidence. They are far wiser than Your own. God’s teachers have God’s Word behind their symbols. And He Himself gives to the words They use the power of His Spirit, raising them from meaningless symbols to the call of Heaven itself.

22. How Are Healing and Atonement Related?

Healing and Atonement are not related, They are identical. There is no order of difficulty in Miracles because there are no degrees of Atonement. It is the one complete concept possible in this world, because it is the Source of a wholly unified perception. Partial Atonement is a meaningless idea, just as special areas of hell in Heaven is inconceivable. Accept Atonement and You are healed. Atonement is the Word of God. Accept His Word and what remains to make sickness possible? Accept His Word and every Miracle has been accomplished. To forgive is to heal. The teacher of God has taken accepting the Atonement for Himself as His only function. What is there then He cannot heal? What Miracle can be withheld from Him?

The progress of the teacher of God may be slow or rapid, depending on whether He recognizes the Atonement’s inclusiveness or for a time excludes some problem areas from It. In some cases, there is a sudden and complete awareness of the perfect applicability of the lesson of Atonement to All situations. This, however, is comparatively rare. The teacher of God may have accepted the function God has given Him long before He has learned All that His acceptance holds out to Him. It is only the end that is certain. Anywhere along the way, the necessary realization of inclusiveness may reach Him. If the way seems long, let Him be content. He has decided on the direction He will take. What more is asked of Him? And having done what was required, would God withhold the rest?

That forgiveness is healing needs to be understood, if the teacher of God is to make progress. The idea that a body can be sick is a central concept in the ego’s thought system. This thought gives the body autonomy, separates it from the Mind, and keeps the idea of attack inviolate. If the body could be sick Atonement would be impossible. A body that can order a Mind to do as it sees fit would merely take the place of God and prove Salvation is impossible. What then is left to heal? The body has become lord of the Mind. How could the Mind be returned to the Holy Spirit unless the body is killed? And Who would want Salvation at such a price?

Certainly sickness does not appear to be a decision. Nor would Anyone actually believe He wants to be sick. Perhaps He can accept the idea in theory, but it is rarely if ever consistently applied to All specific forms of sickness, both in the Individual’s perception of Himself and of All Others as well. Nor is it at this level that the teacher of God calls forth the Miracle of healing. He overlooks the Mind and body, seeing only the Face of Christ shining in front of Him, correcting All mistakes and healing All perception. Healing is the result of the recognition, by God’s teacher, of Who it is that is in need of healing. This recognition has no special reference. It is True of All things that God created. In it are All illusions healed.

When a teacher of God fails to heal, it is because He has forgotten Who He is. Another’s sickness thus becomes His own. In allowing this to happen, He has identified with Another’s ego, and has thus confused Him with a body. In so doing, He has refused to accept Atonement for Himself, and can hardly offer It to His Brother in Christ’s Name. He will, in fact, be unable to recognize His Brother at all, for His Father did not create bodies, and so He is seeing in a Brother only the unreal. Mistakes do not correct mistakes, and distorted perception does not heal. Step back now, teacher of God. You have been wrong. Lead not the way, for You have lost it. Turn quickly to Your teacher, and let Yourself be healed.

The offer of Atonement is Universal. It is equally applicable to All Individuals in All circumstances. And in it is the power to heal All Individuals of All forms of sickness. Not to believe this is to be unfair to God, and thus unfaithful to Him. A sick Person perceives Himself as separate from God. Would You see Him as separate from You? It is Your task to heal the sense of separation that has made Him sick. It is Your function to recognize for Him that what He believes about Himself is not the Truth. It is Your forgiveness that must show Him this. Healing is very simple. Atonement is received and offered. Having been received, it must be accepted. It is in the receiving, then, that healing lies. All else must follow from this single purpose.

Who can limit the power of God Himself? Who then can say Who can be healed of what, and what must remain beyond God’s power to forgive? This is insanity indeed. It is not up to God’s teachers to set limits upon Him, because it is not up to Them to judge His Son. And to judge His Son is to limit His Father. Both are equally meaningless. Yet this will not be understood until God’s teacher recognizes that they are the same mistake. Herein does He receive Atonement, for He withdraws His judgment from the Son of God, accepting Him as God created Him. No longer does He stand apart from God, determining where healing should be given and where it should be withheld. Now can He say with God

This is My beloved Son, created perfect and forever so.

23. Does Jesus Have a Special Place in Healing?

God’s gifts can rarely be received directly. Even the most advanced of God’s teachers will give way to temptation in this world. Would it be fair if Their pupils were denied healing because of this? The bible says “Ask in the Name of Jesus Christ.” Is this merely an appeal to magic? A Name does not heal, nor does an invocation call forth any special power. What does it mean to call on Jesus Christ? What does calling on His Name confer? Why is the appeal to Him part of healing?

We have repeatedly stated that One Who has perfectly accepted the Atonement for Himself can heal the world. Indeed, He has already done so. Temptation may recur to Others, but never to this One. He has become the risen Son of God. He has overcome death because He has accepted Life. He has recognized Himself as God created Him, and in so doing He has recognized All living things as part of Him. There is now no limit on His power, because it is the Power of God. So has His Name become the Name of God, for He no longer sees Himself as separate from Him.

What does this mean to You? It means that in remembering Jesus You are remembering God. The whole relationship of the Son to the Father lies in Him. His part in the Sonship is also Yours, and His completed learning guarantees Your own success. Is He still available for help? What did He say about this? Remember His promises, and ask Yourself honestly whether it is likely that He will fail to keep them. Can God fail His Son? And can One Who is One with God be unlike Him? Who transcends the body has transcended limitation. Would the greatest teacher be unavailable to Those Who follow Him?

The Name of Jesus Christ as such is but a symbol. But it stands for Love That is not of this world. It is a symbol that can safely be used as a replacement for the many Names of All the gods You pray to. It becomes the shining symbol for the Word of God, so close to What It stands for that the little space between the Two is lost the moment that the Name is called to Mind. Remembering His Name is to give thanks for All the gifts that God has given You. And gratitude to God becomes the way in which He is remembered, for Love cannot be far behind a grateful Heart and thankful Mind. God enters easily, for these are the True conditions for Your coming home.

Jesus has led the way. Why would You not be grateful to Him? He has asked for Love, but only that He might give It to You. You do not love Yourself. But in His eyes Your loveliness is so complete and flawless that He sees in it an image of His Father. You become the symbol of His Father here on earth. To You He looks for hope, because in You He sees no limit and no stain to mar Your beautiful perfection. In His eyes Christ’s Vision shines in perfect constancy. He has remained with You. Would You not learn the lesson of Salvation through His learning? Why would You choose to start again, when He has made the journey for You?

No One on earth can grasp what Heaven is or what its One Creator really means. Yet We have Witnesses. It is to Them that Wisdom would appeal. There have been Those Whose learning far exceeds what You can learn. Nor would We teach the limitations We have laid on Us. No One Who has become a True and dedicated teacher of God forgets His Brothers. Yet what He can offer Them is limited by what He learns Himself. Then turn to One Who laid All limits by, and went beyond the farthest reach of learning. He will take You with Him, for He did not go alone. And You were with Him then, as You are now.

This Course has come from Him because His words have reached You in a language You can love and understand. Are other teachers possible, to lead the way to Those Who speak in different tongues and appeal to different symbols? Certainly there are. Would God leave Anyone without a very present help in time of trouble; a Savior Who can symbolize Himself? Yet do We need a manyfaceted curriculum, not because of content differences but because symbols must shift and change to suit the need. Jesus has come to answer Yours. In Him You find God’s Answer. Do You then teach with Him, for He is with You; He is always here.

24. Is Reincarnation True?

In the ultimate sense, reincarnation is impossible. There is no past nor future, and the idea of birth into a body has no meaning either once or many times. Reincarnation cannot, then, be True in any real sense. Our only question should be

Is the concept helpful?

And that depends, of course, on what it is used for. If it is used to strengthen the recognition of the eternal nature of Life it is helpful indeed. Is any other question about it really useful in lighting up the way? Like many other beliefs, it can be bitterly misused. At least, such misuse offers preoccupation and perhaps pride in the past. At worst, it induces inertia in the Present. In between, many kinds of folly are possible.

Reincarnation would not, under any circumstances, be the problem to be dealt with now. If it were responsible for some of the difficulties the Individual faces now, His task would still be only to escape from them now. If He is laying the groundwork for a future Life, He can still work out His Salvation only now. To Some there may be comfort in the concept, and if it heartens Them its value is selfevident. It is certain, however, that the way to Salvation can be found by Those Who believe in reincarnation and by Those Who do not. The idea cannot, therefore, be regarded as essential to the curriculum. There is always some risk in seeing the Present in terms of the past. There is always some Good in any thought which strengthens the idea that Life and the body are not the same.

For Our purposes, it would not be helpful to take any definite stand on reincarnation. A teacher of God should be as helpful to Those Who believe in it as to Those Who do not. If a definite stand on it were required of Him, it would merely limit His usefulness as well as His own decisionmaking. Our Course is not concerned with any concept that is not acceptable to Anyone, regardless of His formal beliefs. His ego will be enough for Him to cope with, and it is not part of Wisdom to add sectarian controversies to His burdens. Nor would there be an advantage in His premature acceptance of the Course merely because It advocates a longheld belief of His own.

It cannot be too strongly emphasized that this Course aims at a complete reversal of thought. When this is finally accomplished issues such as the validity of reincarnation become meaningless. Until then they are likely to be merely controversial. The teacher of God is therefore wise to step away from All such questions, for He has much to teach and learn apart from them. He should both learn and teach that theoretical issues but waste time, draining it away from its appointed purpose. If there are aspects to any concept or belief that will be helpful, He will be told about it. He will also be told how to use it. What more need He know?

Does this mean that the teacher of God should not believe in reincarnation Himself or discuss it with Others Who do? The answer is, certainly not. If He does believe in reincarnation, it would be a mistake for Him to renounce the belief unless His Internal Teacher so advised. And this is most unlikely. He might be advised that He is misusing the belief in some way which is detrimental to His pupil’s advance or His own. Reinterpretation would then be recommended because it would be necessary. All that must be recognized, however, is that birth was not the beginning and death is not the end. Yet even this much is not required of the beginner. He need merely accept the idea that what He knows is not necessarily All there is to learn. His journey has begun.

The emphasis of this Course always remains the same: It is at this moment that complete Salvation is offered You, and it is at this moment that You can accept It. This is still Your one responsibility. Atonement might be equated with total escape from the past and total lack of interest in the future. Heaven is here. There is nowhere else. Heaven is now. There is no other time. No teaching that does not lead to this is of concern to God’s teachers. All beliefs will point to this if properly interpreted. In this sense it can be said that their Truth lies in their usefulness. All beliefs that lead to progress should be honored. This is the sole criterion this Course requires. No more than this is necessary.

25. Are “Psychic” Powers Desirable?

The answer to this question is much like the preceding one. There are, of course, no “unnatural” powers, and it is obviously merely an appeal to magic to make up a power that does not exist. It is equally obvious, however, that each Individual has many abilities of which He is unaware. As His awareness increases, He may well develop abilities that seem quite startling to Him. Yet nothing that He can do can compare even in the slightest with the glorious surprise of remembering Who He is. Let All His learning and All His effort be directed toward this one great final surprise, and He will not be content to be delayed by the little ones that may come to Him on the way.

Certainly there are many “psychic” powers that are clearly in line with this Course. Communication is not limited to the small range of channels the world recognizes. If it were there would be little point in trying to teach Salvation. It would be impossible to do so. The limits the world places on communication is the chief barrier to direct experience of the Holy Spirit, Whose Presence is always there and Whose Voice is available but for the hearing. These limits are placed out of fear, for without them the walls that surround All the separate places of the world would fall at the Holy sound of His Voice. Who transcends these limits in any way is merely becoming more natural. He is doing nothing special, and there is no magic in His accomplishments.

The seemingly new abilities that may be gathered on the way can be very helpful. Given to the Holy Spirit, and used under His direction, they are very valuable teaching aids. To this, the question of how they arise is irrelevant. The only important consideration is how they are used. Taken as ends in Themselves, no matter how this is done, will delay progress. Nor does their value lie in proving Anything; achievements from the past, unusual attunement with the “unseen,” or special favors from God. God gives no special favors, and no One has any powers that are not available to Everyone. Only by tricks of magic are special powers “demonstrated.”

Nothing that is genuine is used to deceive. The Holy Spirit is incapable of deception, and He can use only genuine abilities. What is used for magic is useless to Him, but what He uses cannot be used for magic. There is, however, a particular appeal in unusual abilities which can be curiously tempting. Here are strengths which the Holy Spirit wants and needs. Yet the ego sees in these same strengths an opportunity to glorify itself. Strengths turned to weakness are tragedy indeed. Yet what is not given to the Holy Spirit must be given to weakness, for what is withheld from Love is given to fear, and will be fearful in consequence.

Even Those Who no longer value the material things of the world may still be deceived by “psychic” powers. As investment has been withdrawn from the world’s material gifts the ego has been seriously threatened. It may still be strong enough to rally under this new temptation to win back Strength by guile. Many have not seen through the ego’s defenses here, although they are not particularly subtle. Yet, given a remaining wish to be deceived, deception is made easy. Now the “power” is no longer a genuine ability, and cannot be used dependably. It is almost inevitable that, unless the Individual changes His Mind about Its purpose, He will bolster Its uncertainties with increasing deception.

Any ability that Anyone develops has the potentiality for Good. To this there is no exception. And the more unusual and unexpected the power, the greater its potential usefulness. Salvation has need of All abilities, for what the world would destroy the Holy Spirit would restore. “Psychic” abilities have been used to call upon the devil, which merely means to strengthen the ego. Yet here is also a great channel of hope and healing in the Holy Spirit’s service. Those Who have developed “psychic” powers have merely let some of the limitations They laid upon Their Minds be lifted. It can be but greater limitations They lay upon Themselves if They utilize Their increased freedom for further imprisonment. The Holy Spirit needs these gifts, and Those Who offer Them to Him and Him alone go with Christ’s gratitude upon Their hearts, and His Holy sight not far behind.

26. Can God Be Reached Directly?

God indeed can be reached directly, for there is no distance between Him and His Son. His awareness is in Everyone’s memory and His Word is written on Everyone’s Heart. Yet this awareness and this memory can arise across the threshold of the unconscious only where All barriers to Truth have been removed. In how Many is this the case? Here then is the role of God’s teachers. They too have not attained the necessary understanding as yet, but They have joined with Others. This is what sets Them apart from the world. And it is this that enables Others to leave the world with Them. Alone They are nothing. But in Their joining is the Power of God.

There are Those Who have reached God directly, retaining no trace of worldly limits and remembering Their own Identity perfectly. These might be called the Teachers of teachers because, although They are no longer visible, Their image can yet be called upon. And They will appear when and where it is helpful for Them to do so. To Those to Whom such appearances would be frightening, They give Their ideas. No One can call on Them in vain. Nor is there Anyone of Whom They are unaware. All needs are known to Them, and All mistakes are recognized and overlooked by Them. The time will come when this is understood. And meanwhile, They give All Their gifts to the teachers of God Who look to Them for help, asking All things in Their Name and in no other.

Sometimes a teacher of God may have a brief experience of direct union with God. In this world, it is almost impossible that this endure. It can, perhaps, be won after much devotion and dedication, and then be maintained for most of the time on earth. But this is so rare that it cannot be considered a realistic goal. If it happens, so be it. If it does not happen, so be it as well. All worldly states must be illusory. If God were reached directly in sustained awareness, the body would not be long maintained. Those Who have laid the body down merely to extend Their helpfulness to Those remaining behind are few indeed. And They need Helpers Who are still in bondage and still asleep, so that by Their awakening can God’s Voice be heard.

Do not despair, then, because of limitations. It is Your function to escape from them, but not to be without them. If You would be heard by Those Who suffer, You must speak Their language. If You would be Saviors, You must understand what needs to be escaped. Salvation is not theoretical. Behold the problem, ask for the answer, and then accept the answer when it comes. Nor will its coming be long delayed. All the help You can accept will be provided, and not one need You have will not be met. Let Us not, then, be too concerned with goals for which You are not ready. God takes You where You are and welcomes You. What more could You desire, when this is All You need?

27. What Is Death?

Death is the central dream from which All illusions stem. Is it not madness to think of Life as being born, aging, losing vitality, and dying in the end? We have asked this question before, but now We need to consider it still more carefully. It is the one fixed, unchangeable belief of the world that All things in it are born only to die. This is regarded as “the way of nature,” not to be raised to question, but to be accepted as the “natural” law of Life. The cyclical, the changing and unsure; the undependable and the unsteady, waxing and waning in a certain way upon a certain path – All this is taken as the Will of God. And no One asks if a benign Creator could will this.

In this perception of the Universe as God created it, it would not be possible to think of Him as loving. For Who decreed that All things pass away, ending in dust and disappointment and despair, can but be feared. He holds Your little Life in His hand but by a thread, ready to break it off without regret or care, perhaps today. Or if He waits, yet is the ending certain. Who loves such a God knows not of Love, because He has denied that Life is real. Death has become Life’s symbol. His world is now a battleground, where contradiction reigns and opposites make endless war. Where there is death is Peace impossible.

Death is the symbol of the fear of God. His Love is blotted out in the idea, which holds It from awareness like a shield held to obscure the sun. The grimness of the symbol is enough to show it cannot coexist with God. It holds an image of the Son of God in which He is “laid to rest” in devastation’s arms, where worms await to greet Him and to last a little while by His destruction. Yet the worms as well are doomed to be destroyed as certainly. And so do All things live because of death. Devouring is nature’s “law of Life.” God is insane, and fear alone is real.

The curious belief that there is part of dying things that may go on apart from what will die does not proclaim a loving God, nor reestablish any grounds for trust. If death is real for Anything there is no Life. Death denies Life. But if there is Reality in Life, death is denied. No compromise in this is possible. There is either a God of fear or One of Love. The world attempts a thousand compromises, and will attempt a thousand more. Not one can be acceptable to God’s teachers, because not one could be acceptable to God. He did not make death because He did not make fear. Both are equally meaningless to Him.

The “Reality” of death is firmly rooted in the belief that God’s Son is a body. And if God created bodies, death would indeed be real. But God would not be loving. There is no point at which the contrast between the perception of the real world and that of the world of illusions becomes more sharply evident. Death is indeed the death of God, if He is Love. And now His Own creation must stand in fear of Him. He is not Father but destroyer. He is not Creator but avenger. Terrible His Thoughts and fearful His image. To look on His creations is to die.

And the last to be overcome will be death.

Of course! Without the idea of death there is no world. All dreams will end with this one. This is Salvation’s final goal; the end of All illusions. And in death are All illusions born. What can be born of death and still have Life? But what is born of God and still can die? The inconsistencies, the compromises and the rituals the world fosters in its vain attempts to cling to death and yet to think Love real are mindless magic, ineffectual and meaningless. God is, and in Him All created things must be eternal. Do You not see that otherwise He has an opposite, and fear would be as real as Love?

Teacher of God, Your one assignment could be stated thus: Accept no compromise in which death plays a part. Do not believe in cruelty, nor let attack conceal the Truth from You. What seems to die has but been misperceived and brought to illusion. Now it becomes Your task to let the illusion be brought to the Truth. Be steadfast but in this; be not deceived by the “Reality” of any changing form. Truth neither moves nor wavers nor sinks down to death and dissolution. And what is the end of death? Nothing but this; the realization that the Son of God is guiltless now and forever. Nothing but this. But do not let Yourself forget it is not less than this.

28. What Is The Resurrection?

Very simply, the Resurrection is the overcoming or surmounting of death. It is a reawakening or a rebirth; a change of Mind about the meaning of the world. It is the acceptance of the Holy Spirit’s interpretation of the world’s purpose; the acceptance of the Atonement for Oneself. It is the end of dreams of misery and the glad awareness of the Holy Spirit’s final dream. It is the recognition of the gifts of God. It is the dream in which the body functions perfectly, having no function except communication. It is the lesson in which learning ends, for it is consummated and surpassed with this. It is the invitation to God to take His final step. It is the relinquishment of All other purposes, All other interests, All other wishes and All other concerns. It is the single desire of the Son for the Father.

The Resurrection is the denial of death, being the assertion of Life. Thus is All the thinking of the world reversed entirely. Life is now recognized as Salvation, and pain and misery of any kind perceived as hell. Love is no longer feared but gladly Welcomed. Idols have disappeared, and the remembrance of God shines unimpeded across the world. Christ’s face is seen in every living thing, and nothing is held in darkness apart from the Light of forgiveness. There is no sorrow still upon the earth. The Joy of Heaven has come upon it.

Here the curriculum ends. From here on no directions are needed. Vision is wholly corrected and All mistakes undone. Attack is meaningless and Peace has come. The goal of the curriculum has been achieved. Thoughts turn to Heaven and away from hell. All longings are satisfied, for what remains unanswered or incomplete? The last illusion spreads over the world, forgiving All things and replacing All attack. The whole reversal is accomplished. Nothing is left to contradict the Word of God. There is no opposition to the Truth. And now the Truth can come at last. How quickly will it come as it is asked to enter and envelop such a world!

All living hearts are tranquil, with a stir of deep anticipation, for the time of everlasting things is now at hand. There is no death. The Son of God is free. And in His freedom is the end of fear. No hidden places now remain on earth to shelter sick illusions, dreams of fear and misperceptions of the Universe. All things are seen in Light, and in the Light Their purpose is transformed and understood. And We, God’s children, rise up from the dust and look upon Our perfect sinlessness. The song of Heaven sounds around the world, as it is lifted up and brought to Truth.

Now there are no distinctions. Differences have disappeared and Love looks on Itself. What further sight is needed? What remains that Vision could accomplish? We have seen the face of Christ, His sinlessness, His Love behind All forms, beyond All purposes. Holy are We because His Holiness has set Us free indeed! And We accept His Holiness as Ours; as It is. As God created Us so will We be forever and forever, and We wish for nothing but His Will to be Our own. Illusions of another will are lost, for Unity of purpose has been found.

These things await Us All, but We are not prepared as yet to Welcome them with Joy. As long as any Mind remains possessed of evil dreams the thought of hell is real. God’s teachers have the goal of wakening the Minds of Those asleep, and seeing there the Vision of Christ’s face to take the place of what They dream. The thought of murder is replaced with Blessing. Judgment is laid by, and given Him Whose function judgment is. And in His final judgment is restored the Truth about the Holy Son of God. He is redeemed, for He has heard God’s Word and understood Its meaning. He is free because He let God’s Voice proclaim the Truth. And All He sought before to crucify are resurrected with Him, by His side as He prepares with Them to meet His God.

29. As For the Rest

This Manual is not intended to answer All questions which both teacher and pupil may raise. In fact, it covers only a few of the more obvious ones, in terms of a brief summary of some of the major concepts in the Text and Workbook. It is not a substitute for either, but merely a supplement. While it is called a Manual for teachers, it must be remembered that only time divides teacher and pupil, so that the difference is temporary by definition. In some cases, it may be helpful for the pupil to read the Manual first. Others might do better to begin with the Workbook. Still Others may need to start at the more abstract level of the Text.

Which is for Whom? Who would profit more from prayers alone? Who needs but a smile, being as yet unready for more? No One should attempt to answer these questions alone. Surely no teacher of God has come this far without realizing that. The curriculum is highly individualized. And All aspects are under the Holy Spirit’s particular care and guidance. Ask and He will answer. The responsibility is His, and He alone is fit to assume it. To do so is His function. To refer the questions to Him is Yours. Would You want to be responsible for decisions about which You understand so little? Be glad You have a Teacher Who cannot make a mistake. His answers are always right. Would You say that of Yours?

There is another advantage, and a very important one, in referring decisions to the Holy Spirit with increasing frequency. Perhaps You have not thought of this aspect, but its centrality is obvious. To follow the Holy Spirit’s guidance is to let Yourself be absolved of guilt. It is the essence of the Atonement. It is the core of the curriculum. The imagined usurping of functions not Your own is the basis of fear. The whole world You see reflects the illusion You have done so, making fear inevitable. To return the function to the One To Whom it belongs is thus the escape from fear. And it is this that lets the memory of Love return to You. Do not, then, think that following the Holy Spirit’s guidance is necessary merely because of Your own inadequacies. It is the way out of hell for You.

Here again is the paradox often referred to in the Course. To say

Of Myself I can do nothing.

is to gain All power. And yet it is but a seeming paradox. As God created You, You have All power. The image You made of Yourself has none. The Holy Spirit knows the Truth about You. The image You made does not. Yet, despite its obvious and complete ignorance, this image assumes it knows All things because You have given that belief to it. Such is Your teaching and the teaching of the world which was made to uphold it. But the teacher Who knows the Truth has not forgotten It. His decisions bring benefit to All, being wholly devoid of attack. And therefore incapable of arousing guilt.

Who assumes a power that He does not have is deceiving Himself. Yet to accept the power given Him by God is but to acknowledge His Creator and accept His gifts. And His gifts have no limit. To ask the Holy Spirit to decide for You is merely to accept Your True inheritance. Does this mean that You cannot say Anything without consulting Him? No, indeed! That would hardly be practical, and it is the practical with which this Course is most concerned. If You have made it a habit to ask for help when and where You can, You can be confident that Wisdom will be given You when You need it. Prepare for this each morning, remember God when You can throughout the day, ask the Holy Spirit’s help when it is feasible to do so, and thank Him for His guidance at night. And Your confidence will be well founded indeed.

Never forget that the Holy Spirit does not depend on Your words. He understands the requests of Your Heart and answers them. Does this mean that, while attack remains attractive to You He will respond with evil? Hardly! For God has given Him the power to translate Your prayers of the Heart into His language. He understands that an attack is a call for help. And He responds with help accordingly. God would be cruel if He let Your words replace His Own. A loving Father does not let His child harm Himself or choose His own destruction. He may ask for injury, but His Father will protect Him still. And how much more than this does Your Father love His Son?

Remember You are His completion and His Love. Remember Your weakness is His Strength. But do not read this hastily or wrongly. If His Strength is in You, what You perceive as Your weakness is but illusion. And He has given You the means to prove it so. Ask All things of His Teacher, and All things are given You. Not in the future but immediately; now. God does not wait, for waiting implies time and He is timeless. Forget Your foolish images, Your sense of frailty and Your fear of harm, Your dreams of danger and selected “wrongs.” God knows but His Son, and as He was created so He is. In confidence I place You in His Hands, and I give thanks for You that this is so.

And now in All Your doings be You blessed.
God turns to You for help to save the world.
Teacher of God, His thanks He offers You,
And All the world stands silent in the grace
You bring from Him. You are the Son He loves,
And it is given You to be the means
Through which His Voice is heard around the world
To close All things of time, to end the sight
Of All things visible; and to undo
All things that change. Through You is ushered in
A world unseen, unheard, yet Truly there.
Holy are You, and in Your Light the world
Reflects Your Holiness, for You are not
Alone and friendless. I give thanks for You,
And join Your efforts on behalf of God,
Knowing they are on My behalf as well
And for All Those Who walk to God with Me.

Finis

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is the only form of therapy there is. Since only the Mind can be sick, only the Mind can be healed. Only the Mind is in need of healing. This does not appear to be the case, for the manifestations of this world seem real indeed. Psychotherapy is necessary so that Individuals can begin to question Their Reality. Sometimes He is able to start to open His Mind without formal help, but even then it is always some change in His perception of interpersonal relationships that enables Him to do so. Sometimes He needs a more structured, extended relationship with an “official” therapist. Either way, the task is the same; the patient must be helped to change His Mind about the “Reality” of illusions.

1. The Purpose of Psychotherapy

Very simply, the purpose of psychotherapy is to remove the blocks to Truth. Its aim is to aid the patient in abandoning His fixed delusional system, and to begin to reconsider the spurious cause and effect relationships on which it rests. No One in this world escapes fear, but Everyone can reconsider its causes and learn to evaluate them correctly. God has given Everyone a teacher Whose Wisdom and help far exceed whatever contributions an earthly therapist can provide. Yet there are times and situations in which an earthly patienttherapist relationship becomes the means through which He offers His greater gifts to Both.

What better purpose could any relationship have than to invite the Holy Spirit to enter into it and give it His Own great gift of rejoicing? What higher goal could there be for Anyone than to learn to call upon God and hear His Answer? And what more transcendent aim can there be than to recall the Way, the Truth and the Life, and to remember God? To help in this is the proper purpose of psychotherapy. Could Anything be holier? For psychotherapy, correctly understood, teaches forgiveness and helps the patient to recognize and accept it. And in His healing is the therapist forgiven with Him.

Everyone Who needs help, regardless of the form of His distress, is attacking Himself, and His Peace of Mind [Seelenfrieden] is suffering in consequence. These tendencies are often described as “selfdestructive,” and the patient often regards them in that way Himself. What He does not realize and needs to learn is that this “self,” which can attack and be attacked as well, is a concept He made up. Further, He cherishes it, defends it, and is sometimes even willing to “sacrifice” His “Life” on its behalf. For He regards it as Himself. This self He sees as being acted on, reacting to external forces as they demand, and helpless in the power of the world.

Psychotherapy, then, must restore to His awareness the ability to make His own decisions. He must become willing to reverse His thinking, and to understand that what He thought projected its effects on Him were made by His projections on the world. The world He sees does therefore not exist. Until this is at least in part accepted, the patient cannot see Himself as really capable of making decisions. And He will fight against His freedom because He thinks that it is slavery.

The patient need not think of Truth as God in order to make progress in Salvation [die Erlösung]. But He must begin to separate Truth from illusion, recognizing that they are not the same, and becoming increasingly willing to see illusions as false and to accept the Truth as True. His teacher will take Him on from there, as far as He is ready to go. Psychotherapy can only save Him time. The Holy Spirit uses time as He thinks best, and He is never wrong. Psychotherapy under His direction is one of the means He uses to save time, and to prepare additional teachers for His work. There is no end to the help that He begins and He directs. By whatever routes He chooses, All psychotherapy leads to God in the end. But that is up to Him. We are All His psychotherapists, for He would have Us all be healed in Him.

2. The Process of Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is a process that changes the view of the Self. At best this “new” Self is a more beneficent Selfconcept, but psychotherapy can hardly be expected to establish Reality. That is not its function. If it can make way for Reality, it has achieved its ultimate success. Its whole function, in the end, is to help the patient deal with one fundamental error; the belief that anger brings Him something He really wants, and that by justifying attack He is protecting Himself. To whatever extent He comes to realize that this is error, to that extent is He Truly saved.

Patients do not enter the therapeutic relationship with this goal in Mind. On the contrary, such concepts mean little to Them or They would not need help. Their aim is to be able to retain Their selfconcept exactly as it is, but without the suffering that it entails. Their whole equilibrium rests on the insane belief that this is possible. And because to the sane Mind it is so clearly impossible, what They seek is magic. In illusions the impossible is easily accomplished, but only at the cost of making illusions True. The patient has already paid this price. Now He wants a “better” illusion.

At the beginning, then, the patient’s goal and the therapist’s are at variance. The therapist as well as the patient may cherish false selfconcepts, but Their respective perceptions of “improvement” still must differ. The patient hopes to learn how to get the changes He wants without changing His selfconcept to any significant extent. He hopes, in fact, to stabilize it sufficiently to include within it the magical powers He seeks in psychotherapy. He wants to make the vulnerable invulnerable and the finite limitless. The Self He sees is His God, and He seeks only to serve it better.

Regardless of how sincere the therapist Himself may be, He must want to change the patient’s selfconcept in some way that He believes is real. The task of therapy is one of reconciling these differences. Hopefully, Both will learn to give up Their original goals, for it is only in relationships that Salvation [die Erlösung] can be found. At the beginning, it is inevitable that patients and therapists alike accept unrealistic goals not completely free of magical overtones. They are finally given up in the Minds of Both.

a. The Limits on Psychotherapy

Yet the ideal outcome is rarely achieved. Therapy begins with the realization that healing is of the Mind, and in psychotherapy Those have come together Who already believe this. It may be They will not get much further, for no One learns beyond His own readiness. Yet levels of readiness change, and when therapist or patient has reached the next one, there will be a relationship held out to Them that meets the changing need. Perhaps They will come together again and advance in the same relationship, making it holier. Or perhaps Each of Them will enter into another commitment. Be assured of this; Each will progress. Retrogression is temporary. The overall direction is one of progress toward the Truth.

Psychotherapy itself cannot be creative. This is one of the errors which the ego fosters; that it is capable of True change, and therefore of True creativity. When We speak of “the saving illusion” or “the final dream,” this is not what We mean, but here is the ego’s last defense. “Resistance” is its way of looking at things; its interpretation of progress and growth. These interpretations will be wrong of necessity, because they are delusional. The changes the ego seeks to make are not really changes. They are but deeper shadows or perhaps different cloud patterns. Yet what is made of nothingness cannot be called new or different. Illusions are illusions; Truth is Truth.

Resistance as defined here can be characteristic of a therapist as well as of a patient. Either way, it sets a limit on psychotherapy because it restricts its aims. Nor can the Holy Spirit fight against the intrusions of the ego on the therapeutic process. But He will wait, and His patience is infinite. His goal is wholly undivided always. Whatever resolutions patient and therapist reach in connection with Their own divergent goals, they cannot become completely reconciled as One until they join with His. Only then is All conflict over, for only then can there be certainty.

Ideally, psychotherapy is a series of Holy encounters in which Brothers meet to bless Each Other and to receive the Peace of God. And this will one day come to pass for every “patient” on the face of this earth, for Who except a patient could possibly have come here? The therapist is only a somewhat more specialized teacher of God. He learns through teaching, and the more advanced He is the more He teaches and the more He learns. But whatever stage He is in, there are patients Who need Him just that way. They cannot take more than He can give for now. Yet They Both will find sanity at last.

b. The Place of Religion in Psychotherapy

To be a teacher of God, it is not necessary to be religious or even to believe in God to any recognizable extent. It is necessary, however, to teach forgiveness rather than condemnation. Even in this, complete consistency is not required, for One Who had achieved that point could teach Salvation [die Erlösung] completely, within an instant and without a word. Yet He Who has learned All things does not need a teacher, and the healed have no need for a therapist. Relationships are still the temple of the Holy Spirit, and they will be made perfect in time and restored to Eternity.

Formal religion has no place in psychotherapy, but it also has no real place in religion. In this world, there is an astonishing tendency to join contradictory words into one term without perceiving the contradiction at all. The attempt to formalize religion is so obviously an ego attempt to reconcile the irreconcilable that it hardly requires elaboration here. Religion is experience; psychotherapy is experience. At the highest levels they become One. Neither is Truth itself, but both can lead to Truth. What can be necessary to find Truth, Which remains perfectly obvious, but to remove the seeming obstacles to True awareness?

No One Who learns to forgive can fail to remember God. Forgiveness, then, is All that need be taught, because it is All that need be learned. All blocks to the remembrance of God are forms of unforgiveness, and nothing else. This is never apparent to the patient, and only rarely so to the therapist. The world has martialed All its forces against this one awareness, for in it lies the ending of the world and All it stands for.

Yet it is not the awareness of God that constitutes a reasonable goal for psychotherapy. This will come when psychotherapy is complete, for where there is forgiveness Truth must come. It would be unfair indeed if belief in God were necessary to psychotherapeutic success. Nor is belief in God a really meaningful concept, for God can be but known. Belief implies that unbelief is possible, but knowledge of God has no True opposite. Not to know God is to have no knowledge, and it is to this that All unforgiveness leads. And without knowledge One can have only belief.

Different teaching aids appeal to different People. Some forms of religion have nothing to do with God, and some forms of psychotherapy have nothing to do with healing. Yet if pupil and teacher join in sharing one goal, God will enter into Their relationship because He has been invited to come in. In the same way, a union of purpose between patient and therapist restores the place of God to ascendance, first through Christ’s Vision and then through the memory of God Himself. The process of psychotherapy is the return to sanity. Teacher and pupil, therapist and patient, are All insane or They would not be here. Together They can find a pathway out, for no One will find sanity alone.

If healing is an invitation to God to enter into His Kingdom, what difference does it make how the invitation is written? Does the paper matter or the ink or the pen? Or is it He Who writes that gives the invitation? God comes to Those Who would restore His world, for They have found the way to call to Him. If any Two are joined, He must be there. It does not matter what Their purpose is, but They must share it wholly to succeed. It is impossible to share a goal not blessed by Christ, for what is unseen through His eyes is too fragmented to be meaningful.

As True religion heals, so must True psychotherapy be religious. But both have many forms, because no good teacher uses one approach to every pupil. On the contrary, He listens patiently to Each One, and lets Him formulate His own curriculum; not the curriculum’s goal, but how He can best reach the aim it sets for Him. Perhaps the teacher does not think of God as part of teaching. Perhaps the psychotherapist does not understand that healing comes from God. They can succeed where many Who believe They have found God will fail.

What must the teacher do to ensure learning? What must the therapist do to bring healing about? Only one thing; the same requirement Salvation [die Erlösung] asks of Everyone. Each One must share one goal with Someone else, and in so doing, lose All sense of separate interests. Only by doing this is it possible to transcend the narrow boundaries the ego would impose upon the Self. Only by doing this can teacher and pupil, therapist and patient, You and I, accept Atonement and learn to give It as It was received.

Communion is impossible alone. No One Who stands apart can receive Christ’s Vision. It is held out to Him, but He cannot hold out His hand to receive it. Let Him be still and recognize His Brother’s need is His own.

And let Him then meet His Brother’s need as His and see that They are met as One, for such They are. What is religion but an aid in helping Him to see that this is so? And what is psychotherapy except a help in just this same direction? It is the goal that makes these processes the same, for they are One in purpose and must thus be One in means.

c. The Role of the Psychotherapist

The psychotherapist is a leader in the sense that He walks slightly ahead of the patient, and helps Him to avoid a few of the pitfalls along the road by seeing them first. Ideally, He is also a follower, for One should walk ahead of Him to give Him Light to see. Without this One, Both will merely stumble blindly on to nowhere. It is, however, impossible that this One be wholly absent if the goal is healing. He may, however, not be recognized. And so the little Light that can be then accepted is All there is to light the way to Truth.

Healing is limited by the limitations of the psychotherapist, as it is limited by those of the patient. The aim of the process, therefore, is to transcend these limits. Neither can do this alone, but when They join, the potentiality for transcending All limitations has been given Them. Now the extent of Their success depends on how much of this potentiality They are willing to use. The willingness may come from either One at the beginning, and as the Other shares it, it will grow. Progress becomes a matter of decision; it can reach almost to Heaven or go no further than a step or two from hell.

It is quite possible for the psychotherapy to seem to fail. It is even possible for the result to look like retrogression. But in the end there must be some success. One asks for help; Another hears and tries to answer in the form of help. This is the formula for Salvation [die Erlösung], and must heal. Divided goals alone can interfere with perfect healing. One wholly egoless therapist could heal the world without a word, merely by being there. No One need see Him or talk to Him or even know of His existence. His simple Presence is enough to heal.

The ideal therapist is One with Christ. But healing is a process, not a fact. The therapist cannot progress without the patient, and the patient cannot be ready to receive the Christ or He could not be sick. In a sense, the egoless psychotherapist is an abstraction that stands at the end of the process of healing, too advanced to believe in sickness and too near to God to keep His feet on earth. Now He can help through Those in need of help, for thus He carries out the plan established for Salvation [die Erlösung].

d. The Process of Illness

As All therapy is psychotherapy, so All illness is mental illness. It is a judgment on the Son of God, and judgment is a mental activity. Judgment is a decision, made again and again, against creation and its Creator. It is a decision to perceive the Universe as You would have created it. It is a decision that Truth can lie and must be lies. What, then, can illness be except an expression of sorrow and of guilt? And Who could weep but for His Innocence?

Once God’s Son is seen as guilty, illness becomes inevitable. It has been asked for and will be received. And All Who ask for illness have now condemned Themselves to seek for remedies that cannot help, because Their faith is in the illness and not in Salvation [die Erlösung]. There can be nothing that a change of Mind cannot effect, for All external things are only shadows of a decision already made. Change the decision, and how can its shadow be unchanged? Illness can be but guilt’s shadow, grotesque and ugly since it mimics deformity. If a deformity is seen as real, what could its shadow be except deformed?

The descent into hell follows step by step in an inevitable course, once the decision that guilt is real has been made. Sickness and death and misery now stalk the earth in unrelenting waves, sometimes together and sometimes in grim succession. Yet All these things, however real they seem, are but illusions. Who could have faith in them once this is realized? And Who could not have faith in them until He realizes this? Healing is therapy or correction, and We have said already and will say again, All therapy is psychotherapy. To heal the sick is but to bring this realization to Them.

The word “cure” has come into disrepute among the more “respectable” therapists of the world, and justly so. For not One of Them can cure, and not One of Them understands healing. At worst, They but make the body real in Their own Minds, and having done so, seek for magic by which to heal the ills with which Their Minds endow it. How could such a process cure? It is ridiculous from start to finish. Yet having started, it must finish thus. It is as if God were the devil and must be found in evil. How could Love be there? And how could sickness cure? Are not these both one question?

At best, and the word is perhaps questionable here, the “healers” of the world may recognize the Mind as the Source of illness. But Their error lies in the belief that It can cure Itself. This has some merit in a world where “degrees of error” is a meaningful concept. Yet must Their cures remain temporary, or another illness rise instead, for death has not been overcome until the meaning of Love is understood. And Who can understand this without the Word of God, given by Him to the Holy Spirit as His gift to You?

Illness of any kind may be defined as the result of a view of the Self as weak, vulnerable, evil and endangered, and thus in need of constant defense. Yet if such were really the Self, defense would be impossible. Therefore, the defenses sought for must be magical. They must overcome All limits perceived in the Self, at the same time making a new selfconcept into which the old one cannot return. In a word, error is accepted as real and dealt with by illusions. Truth being brought to illusions, Reality now becomes a threat and is perceived as evil. Love becomes feared because Reality is Love. Thus is the circle closed against the “inroads” of Salvation [die Erlösung].

Illness is therefore a mistake and needs correction. And as We have already emphasized, correction cannot be achieved by first establishing the “rightness” of the mistake and then overlooking it. If illness is real it cannot be overlooked in Truth, for to overlook Reality is insanity. Yet that is magic’s purpose; to make illusions True through false perception. This cannot heal, for it opposes Truth. Perhaps an illusion of health is substituted for a little while, but not for long. Fear cannot long be hidden by illusions, for it is part of them. It will escape and take another form, being the Source of All illusions.

Sickness is insanity because All sickness is mental illness, and in it there are no degrees. One of the illusions by which sickness is perceived as real is the belief that illness varies in intensity; that the degree of threat differs according to the form it takes. Herein lies the basis of All errors, for All of them are but attempts to compromise by seeing just a little bit of hell. This is a mockery so alien to God that it must be forever inconceivable. But the insane believe it because They are insane.

A madman will defend His own illusions because in them He sees His own Salvation [die Erlösung]. Thus, He will attack the One Who tries to save Him from them, believing that He is attacking Him. This curious circle of attackdefense is one of the most difficult problems with which the psychotherapist must deal. In fact, this is His central task; the core of psychotherapy. The therapist is seen as One Who is attacking the patient’s most cherished possession; His picture of Himself. And since this picture has become the patient’s security as He perceives it, the therapist cannot but be seen as a real Source of danger, to be attacked and even killed.

The psychotherapist, then, has a tremendous responsibility. He must meet attack without attack, and therefore without defense. It is His task to demonstrate that defenses are not necessary, and that defenselessness is Strength. This must be His teaching, if His lesson is to be that sanity is safe. It cannot be too strongly emphasized that the insane believe that sanity is threat. This is the corollary of the “original sin”; the belief that guilt is real and fully justified. It is therefore the psychotherapist’s function to teach that guilt, being unreal, cannot be justified. But neither is it safe. And thus it must remain unwanted as well as unreal.

Salvation’s [die Erlösung] single doctrine is the goal of All therapy. Relieve the Mind of the insane burden of guilt it carries so wearily, and healing is accomplished. The body is not cured. It is merely recognized as what it is. Seen rightly, its purpose can be understood. What is the need for sickness then? Given this single shift, All else will follow. There is no need for complicated change. There is no need for long analyses and wearying discussions and pursuits. The Truth is simple, being One for All.

e. The Process of Healing

While Truth is simple, it must still be taught to Those Who have already lost Their way in endless mazes of complexity. This is the great illusion. In its wake comes the inevitable belief that, to be safe, One must control the unknown. This strange belief relies on certain steps which never reach to consciousness. First, it is ushered in by the belief that there are forces to be overcome to be alive at all. And next, it seems as if these forces can be held at bay only by an inflated sense of Self that holds in darkness what is Truly felt, and seeks to raise illusions to the Light.

Let Us remember that the Ones Who come to Us for help are bitterly afraid. What They believe will help can only harm; what They believe will harm alone can help. Progress becomes impossible until the patient is persuaded to reverse His twisted way of looking at the world; His twisted way of looking at Himself. The Truth is simple. Yet it must be taught to Those Who think it will endanger Them. It must be taught to Those Who will attack because They feel endangered, and to Those Who need the lesson of defenselessness above All else, to show Them what is Strength.

If this world were ideal, there could perhaps be ideal therapy. And yet it would be useless in an ideal state. We speak of ideal teaching in a world in which the perfect teacher could not long remain; the perfect psychotherapist is but a glimmer of a thought not yet conceived. But still We speak of what can yet be done in helping the insane within the bounds of the attainable. While They are sick, They can and must be helped. No more than that is asked of psychotherapy; no less than All He has to give is worthy of the therapist. For God Himself holds out His Brother as His Savior from the world.

Healing is Holy. Nothing in the world is holier than helping One Who asks for help. And Two come very close to God in this attempt, however limited, however lacking in sincerity. Where Two have joined for healing, God is there. And He has guaranteed that He will hear and answer Them in Truth. They can be sure that healing is a process He directs, because it is according to His Will. We have His Word to guide Us, as We try to help Our Brothers. Let Us not forget that We are helpless of Ourselves, and lean upon a Strength beyond Our little scope for what to teach as well as what to learn.

A Brother seeking aid can bring Us gifts beyond the heights perceived in any dream. He offers Us Salvation [die Erlösung], for He comes to Us as Christ and Savior. What He asks is asked by God through Him. And what We do for Him becomes the gift We give to God. The sacred calling of God’s Holy Son for help in His perceived distress can be but answered by His Father. Yet He needs a voice through which to speak His Holy Word; a hand to reach His Son and touch His Heart. In such a process, Who could not be healed? This Holy interaction is the plan of God Himself, by which His Son is saved.

For Two have joined. And now God’s promises are kept by Him. The limits laid on Both the patient and the therapist will count as nothing, for the healing has begun. What They must start Their Father will complete. For He has never asked for more than just the smallest willingness, the least advance, the tiniest of whispers of His Name. To ask for help, whatever form it takes, is but to call on Him. And He will send His Answer through the therapist Who best can serve His Son in All His present needs. Perhaps the answer does not seem to be a gift from Heaven. It may even seem to be a worsening and not a help. Yet let the outcome not be judged by Us.

Somewhere All gifts of God must be received. In time no effort can be made in vain. It is not Our perfection that is asked in Our attempts to heal. We are deceived already, if We think there is a need of healing. And the Truth will come to Us only through One Who seems to share Our dream of sickness. Let Us help Him to forgive Himself for All the trespasses with which He would condemn Himself without a cause. His healing is Our own. And as We see the sinlessness in Him come shining through the veil of guilt that shrouds the Son of God, We will behold in Him the face of Christ, and understand that it is but Our own.

Let Us stand silently before God’s Will, and do what It has chosen that We do. There is one way alone by which We come to where All dreams began. And it is there that We will lay them down, to come away in Peace forever. Hear a Brother call for help and answer Him. It will be God to Whom You answer, for You called on Him. There is no other way to hear His Voice. There is no other way to seek His Sons. There is no other way to find Your Self. Holy is healing, for the Son of God returns to Heaven through its kind embrace. For healing tells Him, in the Voice for God, that All His sins have been forgiven Him.

f. The Definition of Healing

The process of psychotherapy, then, can be defined simply as forgiveness, for no healing can be Anything else. The unforgiving are sick, believing They are unforgiven. The hangingon to guilt, its huggingclose and sheltering, its loving protection and alert defense, All this is but the grim refusal to forgive. “God may not enter here” the sick repeat, over and over, while They mourn Their loss and yet rejoice in it. Healing occurs as a patient begins to hear the dirge He sings, and questions its validity. Until He hears it, He cannot understand that it is He Who sings it to Himself. To hear it is the first step in recovery. To question it must then become His choice.

There is a tendency, and it is very strong, to hear this song of death only an instant, and then dismiss it uncorrected. These fleeting awarenesses represent the many opportunities given Us literally “to change Our tune.” The sound of healing can be heard instead. But first the willingness to question the “Truth” of the song of condemnation must arise. The strange distortions woven inextricably into the selfconcept, itself but a pseudocreation, make this ugly sound seem Truly beautiful. “The rhythm of the Universe,” “the herald Angel’s song,” All these and more are heard instead of loud discordant shrieks.

The ear translates; it does not hear. The eye reproduces; it does not see. Their task is to make agreeable whatever is called on, however disagreeable it may be. They answer the decisions of the Mind, reproducing its desires and translating them into acceptable and pleasant forms. Sometimes the thought behind the form breaks through, but only very briefly, and the Mind grows fearful and begins to doubt Its sanity. Yet It will not permit Its slaves to change the forms They look upon; the sounds They hear. These are Its “remedies”; Its “safeguards” from insanity.

These testimonies which the senses bring have but one purpose; to justify attack and thus keep unforgiveness unrecognized for what it is. Seen undisguised, it is intolerable. Without protection it could not endure. Here is All sickness cherished, but without the recognition that this is so. For when an unforgiveness is not recognized, the form it takes seems to be something else. And now it is the “something else” that seems to terrify. But it is not the “something else” that can be healed. It is not sick, and needs no remedy. To concentrate Your healing efforts here is but futility. Who can cure what cannot be sick and make it well?

Sickness takes many forms, and so does unforgiveness. The forms of one but reproduce the forms of the other, for they are the same illusion. So closely is one translated into the other, that a careful study of the form a sickness takes will point quite clearly to the form of unforgiveness that it represents. Yet seeing this will not effect a cure. That is achieved by only one recognition; that only forgiveness heals an unforgiveness, and only an unforgiveness can possibly give rise to sickness of any kind.

This realization is the final goal of psychotherapy. How is it reached? The therapist sees in the patient All that He has not forgiven in Himself, and is thus given another chance to look at it, open it to reevaluation, and forgive it. When this occurs, He sees His sins as gone into a past that is no longer here. Until He does this, He must think of evil as besetting Him here and now. The patient is His screen for the projection of His sins, enabling Him to let them go. Let Him retain one spot of sin in what He looks upon, and His release is partial and will not be sure.

No One is healed alone. This is the joyous song Salvation [die Erlösung] sings to All Who hear its voice. This statement cannot be too often remembered by All Who see Themselves as therapists. Their patients can but be seen as the bringers [Überbringer] of forgiveness, for it is They Who come to demonstrate Their sinlessness to eyes that still believe that sin is there to look upon. Yet will the proof of sinlessness, seen in the patient and accepted in the therapist, offer the Mind of Both a covenant in which they meet and join and are as One.

g. The Ideal Patienttherapist Relationship

Who, then, is the therapist, and Who is the patient? In the end, Everyone is both. He Who needs healing must heal. Physician, heal Thyself. Who else is there to heal? And Who else is in need of healing? Each patient Who comes to a therapist offers Him a chance to heal Himself. He is therefore His therapist. And every therapist must learn to heal from each patient Who comes to Him. He thus becomes His patient. God does not know of separation. What He knows is only that He has one Son. His knowledge is reflected in the ideal patienttherapist relationship. God comes to Him Who calls, and in Him He recognizes Himself.

Think carefully, teacher and therapist, for Whom You pray, and Who is in need of healing. For therapy is Prayer, and healing is its aim and its result. What is Prayer except the joining of Minds in a relationship which Christ can enter? This is His home, into which psychotherapy invites Him. What is symptom cure, when another is always there to choose? But once Christ enters in, what choice is there except to have Him stay? There is no need for more than this, for it is Everything. Healing is here, and happiness and Peace. These are the “symptoms” of the ideal patienttherapist relationship, replacing those with which the patient came to ask for help.

The process that takes place in this relationship is actually one in which the therapist in His Heart tells the patient that All His sins have been forgiven Him, along with His own. What could be the difference between healing and forgiveness? Only Christ forgives, knowing His sinlessness. His Vision heals perception and sickness disappears. Nor will it return again, once its cause has been removed. This, however, needs the help of a very advanced therapist, capable of joining with the patient in a Holy relationship in which All sense of separation finally is overcome.

For this, one thing and one thing only is required: The therapist in no way confuses Himself with God. All “unhealed healers” make this fundamental confusion in one form or another, because They must regard Themselves as selfcreated rather than Godcreated. This confusion is rarely if ever in awareness, or the unhealed healer would instantly become a teacher of God, devoting His Life to the function of True healing. Before He reached this point, He thought He was in charge of the therapeutic process and was therefore responsible for its outcome. His patient’s errors thus became His own failures, and guilt became the cover, dark and strong, for what should be the Holiness of Christ. Guilt is inevitable in Those Who use Their judgment in making Their decisions. Guilt is impossible in Those through Whom the Holy Spirit speaks.

The passing of guilt is the True aim of therapy and the obvious aim of forgiveness. In this Their Oneness can be clearly seen. Yet Who could experience the end of guilt Who feels responsible for His Brother in the role of guide for Him? Such a function presupposes a knowledge that no One here can have; a certainty of past, Present and future, and of All the effects that may occur in them. Only from this omniscient point of view would such a role be possible. Yet no perception is omniscient, nor is the tiny Self of One alone against the Universe able to assume He has such Wisdom except in madness. That many therapists are mad is obvious. No unhealed healer can be wholly sane.

Yet it is as insane not to accept a function God has given You as to invent one He has not. The advanced therapist in no way can ever doubt the power that is in Him. Nor does He doubt its Source. He understands All power in earth and Heaven belongs to Him because of Who He is. And He is this because of His Creator, Whose Love is in Him and Who cannot fail. Think what this means; He has the gifts of God Himself to give away. His patients are God’s saints, Who call upon His sanctity to make it Theirs. And as He gives it to Them, They behold Christ’s shining face as it looks back at Them.

The insane, thinking They are God, are not afraid to offer weakness to God’s Son. But what They see in Him because of this They fear indeed. The unhealed healer cannot but be fearful of His patients, and suspect Them of the treachery He sees in Him. He tries to heal, and thus at times He may. But He will not succeed except to some extent and for a little while. He does not see the Christ in Him Who calls. What answer can He give to One Who seems to be a Stranger; alien to the Truth and poor in Wisdom, without the God Who must be given Him? Behold Your God in Him, for what You see will be Your Answer.

Think what the joining of two Brothers really means. And then forget the world and All its little triumphs and its dreams of death. The Same are One, and nothing now can be remembered of the world of guilt. The room becomes a temple, and the street a stream of stars that brush lightly past All sickly dreams. Healing is done, for what is perfect needs no healing, and what remains to be forgiven where there is no sin?

Be thankful, therapist, that You can see such things as this, if You but understand Your proper role. But if You fail in this, You have denied that God created You, and so You will not know You are His Son. Who is Your Brother now? What saint can come to take You home with Him? You lost the way. And can You now expect to see in Him an answer that You have refused to give? Heal and be healed. There is no other choice of pathways that can ever lead to Peace. Oh let Your patient in, for He has come to You from God. Is not His Holiness enough to wake Your memory of Him?

3. The Practice of Psychotherapy

a. The Selection of Patients

Everyone Who is sent to You is a patient of Yours. This does not mean that You select Him, nor that You choose the kind of “treatment” that is suitable. But it does mean that no One comes to You by mistake. There are no errors in God’s plan. It would be an error, however, to assume that You know what to offer Everyone Who comes. This is not up to You to decide. There is a tendency to assume that You are being called on constantly to make sacrifices of Yourself for Those Who come. This could hardly be True. To demand sacrifice of Yourself is to demand a sacrifice of God, and He knows nothing of sacrifice. Who could ask of Perfection that He be imperfect?

Who, then, decides what each Brother needs? Surely not You, Who do not yet recognize Who He is Who asks. There is Something in Him that will tell You, if You listen. And that is the answer: Listen. Do not demand, do not decide, do not sacrifice. Listen. What You hear is True. Would God send His Son to You and not be sure You recognize His needs? Think what God is telling You; He needs Your voice to speak for Him. Could Anything be holier? Or a greater gift to You? Would You rather choose Who would be God, or hear the Voice of Him Who is God in You?

Your patients need not be physically present for You to serve Them in the Name of God. This may be hard to remember, but God will not have His gifts to You limited to the few You actually see. You can see Others as well, for seeing is not limited to the body’s eyes. Some do not need Your physical presence. They need You as much, and perhaps even more, at the instant They are sent. You will recognize Them in whatever way can be most helpful to Both of You. It does not matter how They come. They will be sent in whatever form is most helpful; a Name, a thought, a picture, an idea, or perhaps just a feeling of reaching out to Someone somewhere. The joining is in the hands of the Holy Spirit. It cannot fail to be accomplished.

A Holy therapist, an advanced teacher of God, never forgets one thing; He did not make the curriculum of Salvation [die Erlösung], nor did He establish His part in it. He understands that His part is necessary to the Whole, and that through it He will recognize the Whole when His part is complete. Meanwhile He must learn, and His patients are the means sent to Him for His learning. What could He be but grateful for Them and to Them? They come bearing God. Would He refuse this Gift for a pebble, or would He close the door on the Savior of the world to let in a ghost? Let Him not betray the Son of God. Who calls on Him is far beyond His understanding. Yet would He not rejoice that He can answer, when only thus will He be able to hear the call and understand that it is His?

b. Is Psychotherapy a Profession?

Strictly speaking the answer is no. How could a separate profession be one in which Everyone is engaged? And how could any limits be laid on an interaction in which Everyone is both patient and therapist in every relationship in which He enters? Yet practically speaking, it can still be said that there are Those Who devote Themselves primarily to healing of one sort or another as Their chief function. And it is to Them that a large number of Others turn for help. That, in effect, is the practice of therapy. These are therefore “officially” helpers. They are devoted to certain kinds of needs in Their professional activities, although They may be far more able teachers outside of them. These People need no special rules, of course, but They may be called upon to use special applications of the general principles of healing.

First, the professional therapist is in an excellent position to demonstrate that there is no order of difficulty in healing. For this, however, He needs special training, because the curriculum by which He became a therapist probably taught Him little or nothing about the real principles of healing. In fact, it probably taught Him how to make healing impossible. Most of the world’s training follows a curriculum in judgment, with the aim of making the therapist a judge.

Even this the Holy Spirit can use, and will use, given the slightest invitation. The unhealed healer may be arrogant, selfish, unconcerned, and actually dishonest. He may be uninterested in healing as His major goal. Yet something happened to Him, however slight it may have been, when He chose to be a healer, however misguided the direction He may have chosen. That “something” is enough. Sooner or later that something will rise and grow; a patient will touch His Heart, and the therapist will silently ask Him for help. He has Himself found a therapist. He has asked the Holy Spirit to enter the relationship and heal it. He has accepted the Atonement for Himself.

God is said to have looked on All He created and pronounced it good. No, He declared it perfect, and so it was. And since His creations do not change and last forever, so it is now. Yet neither a perfect therapist nor a perfect patient can possibly exist. Both must have denied Their perfection, for Their very need for Each Other implies a sense of lack. A One-to-One relationship is not one Relationship. Yet it is the means of return; the way God chose for the return of His Son. In that strange dream a strange correction must enter, for only that is the call to awake. And what else should therapy be? Awake and be glad, for All Your sins have been forgiven You. This is the only message that any Two should ever give Each Other.

Something Good must come from every meeting of patient and therapist. And that Good is saved for Both, against the day when They can recognize that only That was real in Their relationship. At that moment it is the Good returned to Them, blessed by the Holy Spirit as a gift from Their Creator as a sign of His Love. For the therapeutic relationship must become like the relationship of the Father and the Son. There is no other, for there is nothing else. The therapists of this world do not expect this outcome, and many of Their patients would not be able to accept help from Them if They did. Yet no therapist really sets the goal for the relationships of which He is a part. His understanding begins with recognizing this, and then goes on from there.

It is in the instant that the therapist forgets to judge the patient that healing occurs. In some relationships this point is never reached, although both patient and therapist may change Their dreams in the process. Yet it will not be the same dream for Both of Them, and so it is not the dream of forgiveness in which Both will someday wake. The Good is saved; indeed is cherished. But only little time is saved. The new dreams will lose their temporary appeal and turn to dreams of fear, which is the content of All dreams. Yet no patient can accept more than He is ready to receive, and no therapist can offer more than He believes He has. And so there is a place for All relationships in this world, and they will bring as much Good as Each can accept and use.

Yet it is when judgment ceases that healing occurs, because only then it can be understood that there is no order of difficulty in healing. This is a necessary understanding for the healed healer. He has learned that it is no harder to wake a Brother from one dream than from another. No professional therapist can hold this understanding consistently in His Mind, offering it to All Who come to Him. There are some in this world Who have come very close, but They have not accepted the gift entirely in order to stay and let Their understanding remain on earth until the closing of time. They could hardly be called professional therapists. They are the Saints of God. They are the Saviors of the world. Their image remains, because They have chosen that it be so. They take the place of other images, and help with kindly dreams.

Once the professional therapist has realized that Minds are joined, He can also recognize that order of difficulty in healing is meaningless. Yet well before He reaches this in time He can go towards it. Many Holy instants can be His along the way. A goal marks the end of a journey, not the beginning, and as each goal is reached another can be dimly seen ahead. Most professional therapists are still at the very start of the beginning stage of the first journey. Even Those Who have begun to understand what They must do may still oppose the settingout. Yet All the laws of healing can be Theirs in just an instant. The journey is not long except in dreams.

The professional therapist has one advantage that can save enormous time, if it is properly used. He has chosen a road on which there is great temptation to misuse His role. This enables Him to pass by many obstacles to Peace quite quickly, if He escapes the temptation to assume a function that has not been given Him. To understand there is no order of difficulty in healing, He must also recognize the equality of Himself and the patient. There is no halfway point in this. Either They are equal or not. The attempts of therapists to compromise in this respect are strange indeed. Some utilize the relationship merely to collect bodies to worship at Their shrine, and this They regard as healing. Many patients, too, consider this strange procedure as Salvation [die Erlösung]. Yet at each meeting there is One Who says My Brother, choose again.

Do not forget that any form of specialness must be defended, and will be. The defenseless therapist has the Strength of God with Him, but the defensive therapist has lost sight of the Source of His Salvation [die Erlösung]. He does not see and He does not hear. How, then, can He teach? Because it is the Will of God that He take His place in the plan for Salvation [Erlösungsplan]. Because it is the Will of God that His patients be helped to join with Him there. Because His inability to see and hear does not limit the Holy Spirit in any way. Except in time. In time there can be a great lag between the offering and the acceptance of healing. This is the veil across the Face of Christ. Yet it can be but an illusion, because time does not exist and the Will of God has always been exactly as it is.

Song of Prayer

Prayer

a. True Prayer

b. The Ladder of Prayer

c. Praying for Others

d. Praying with Others

e. The Ladder Ends

Forgiveness

a. Forgiveness of Yourself

b. Forgivenesstodestroy

c. Forgivenessforsalvation

Healing

a. The Cause of Sickness

b. False versus True Healing

c. Separation versus Union

d. The Holiness of Healing

Gifts of God

1. The Dream of Fear

2. The Two Gifts

3. The Ending of the Dream

4. Our Gift to God

5. The Father’s Love

My Replacements

B. – B

re – regarding

i.e. – that is

Falsche <br> mitten im Text eliminieren

Falsches &nbsp; mitten im Text eliminieren

no-one – no One

Right-Mindedness – Rightmindedness

"...", ' – “...”, ’

MUST – <b>must</b> (change capitalized words into bold)

you, your, yours, yourself, yourselves, thyself, me, my, mine, myself, he, him, himself, his, she, her, herself, i, everyone, everybody, everything, everywhere, we, us, our, ourselves, themself, themselves, self, whom, who, anyone, anybody, anything, someone, person(s), partner(s), people, individuals, angel(s), stranger(s), neighbor(s), sonship, human being(s), theorist(s), thee, thy, thine, thou, oneself, savior(s) – You, Your, Yours, Yourself, Yourselves, Thyself, Me, My, Mine, Myself, He, Him, Himself, His, She, Her, Herself, I, Everyone, Everybody, Everything, Everywhere, We, Us, Our, Ourselves, Themself, Themselves, Self, Whom, Who, Anyone, Anybody, Anything, Someone, Person(s), partner(s), People, Individuals, Angel(s), Stranger(s), Neighbor(s), Sonship, human Being(s), , Thee, Thy, Thine, Thou, Oneself, Savior(s)

god, man, men, holy, divine, divinity, univers..., blessing, life, reality, peace, strength, truth, truly, true, truest, prayer, creator, light, eternity, father, spirit(s), joy, atonement, brother/brothers, salvation, holiness, disciple(s), wisdom, resurrection, heart, miracle(s), soul(s), Miracle worker(s), name(s), text, workbook, manual, innocence, source, wholeness, right mind, mind(s), altar(s), holy ghost, spiritual eye, vision(s), miscreation(s), misthought(s), miscreator(s), untrue, oneness, unities, unity, trinity, welcome, one-mindedness/onemindedness – God, Man, Men, Holy, Divine, Divinity, Univers..., Blessing, Life, Reality, Peace, Strength, Truth, Truly, True, Truest, Prayer, Creator, Light, Eternity, Father, Spirit(s), Joy, Atonement, Brother/Brothers, Salvation, Holiness, Disciples, Wisdom, Resurrection, Heart, Miracle, Soul(s), Miracle Worker(s), Name(s), Text, Workbook, Manual, Innocence, Source, Wholeness, Right Mind, Mind(s), Altar(s), Holy Ghost, Spiritual Eye, Vision(s), misCreation(s), misThought(s), misCreator(s), UnTrue, Oneness, Unities, Unity, Trinity, Welcome, Onemindedness

thoughtsystem, thought-system – thought system

, or – or

Optional, Großschreiben wenn es sich auf einen Mensch, eine Person, Leute, die Seele, den Verstand, die Sohnschaft, ein Wunder, den Heiligen Geist, das Geistige Auge, einen Altar, das Versöhntsein, die Wahrheit, die Dreieinigkeit, die Liebe oder den Kurs bezieht, oder ein Hauptwort ist. Bei all nur wenn es im Deutschen mit Alles, Allen, Aller, Allem, Alle oder All übersetzt werden kann: these, those, them, they, their, equals, which, another, others, other, both, innocent, two, all, each, individual, forgiven, sinless, innocent, ones, one – These, Those, Them, They, Their, Equals, Which, Another, Others, Other, Both, Innocent, Two, All, Each, Individual, Forgiven, Sinless, Innocent, Ones, One

Optional, wenn es ein Hauptwort ist: real, might, love, course, good, present, miracleminded, whole, lives – Real, Might, Love, Course, Good, Present, Miracleminded, Whole, Lives

Optional, Großschreiben wenn es mit "Eins" übersetzt werden kann: one – One

Miracle(s) – Alles was sich auf einen Mensch, eine Person, Leute, die Seele, den Verstand, die Sohnschaft, ein Wunder, den Heiligen Geist, das Geistige Auge, einen Altar, das Versöhntsein, die Wahrheit, die Dreieinigkeit oder den Kurs bezieht immer großschreiben, wie z. B. It, Which, That, They, ...

- – –

thought-creations – Thoughtcreations (wenn zwei Worte mit dem - verbunden wurden bitte einfach ein Wort daraus machen.)

() und / nach Möglichkeit eliminieren. Ein “or” oder “and” ist hilfreich.

Optional: ; – : (Wenn der Text nach dem ; ein eigenständiger Satz ist. Dann natürlich in Großbuchstaben weiterschreiben)

Optional: Ego(s), Giver(s), Receiver(s), Healer(s), Psychotherapist(s), Therapist(s), Patient(s), Doer(s), Theorist(s), Professor, Speaker(s), Parent(s), Child(ren), Priestess(es), Teacher(s), Pupil(s), Learner(s), Sister(s), Mother(s), Physician(s) – ego(s), giver(s), receiver(s), healer(s), psychotherapist(s), therapist(s), patient(s), doer(s), theorist(s), professor, speaker(s), parent(s), child(ren), priestess(es), teacher(s), pupil(s), learner(s), sister(s), mother(s), physician(s)

Optional (kursiv bedeutet, es ist wahr, in Anführungszeichen ist es ein Zitat des egos): <i> ... </i> – “ ... ”

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